Honey Gourami (lat. Colisa chuna, Trichogaster chuna, English Honey Gourami), Another name – golden gourami – a beautiful fish that adorns aquariums in many homes.
Habitat is the northeast of India, the fish prefers ponds densely overgrown with grass.
The sizes of gourams are small, aquarium specimens grow to only 4-5 centimeters. The body of the fish is high, flattened at the sides, the dorsal fin stretches from the caudal fin to the center of the body.
The anal fin begins near the base of the caudal and ends behind the ventral, it has a rounded shape, but the pectoral fins are small and colorless. As a result of evolution, the ventral fins of the gourami were converted into whiskers.
The body of honey gourami is painted in amber color; during the spawning period, fish change color to wine-red. The median line is pigmented in a dark tone, almost brown. Dorsal fin with yellow edging.
Sexual maturity of labyrinth fish occurs in 6-8 months. Males are more slender, their color is brighter, and dorsal and anal fin is pointed.
- Honey goura were imported to Europe in 1962, they came to Russia 3 years later – in 1965;
- These are colorful and mobile fish that have a very peaceful temperament, so that they can get along with most of the calm fish;
- In their natural habitat, the fish are completely unpretentious, at home they can live in old quarries, gutters and overgrown lakes;
- At first, scientists thought that it would be easy to ship these fish to Europe, but they died along the way. Then it turned out that honey gouras breathe not only with the help of the gills, but also of the labyrinth organ, so they sometimes need to float to the surface for atmospheric air. They were transported in closed full barrels and, as a result, the fish simply choked.
This is an unpretentious fish that will suit even beginners. A couple of fish can be kept in a 10-15-liter aquarium, but for a flock of gourami, an 80-100-liter reservoir is needed. The aquarium should be covered with a lid, but there should be free space from the water to the glass so that the fish can emerge and become saturated with oxygen.
Coarse and clean river sand can be used as a soil, and when choosing plants, preference should be given to those that can withstand high temperatures – riccia, wallisneria, coliseum, peristristis, elodea, duckweed.
Gourami are very demanding at constant temperatures, the water in the aquarium should be from 22 to 26 degrees. Stiffness – from 7 to 15 dH, pH 6.5-7. These fish love shade, so there is no need for bright light, the best option is a fluorescent lamp.
Water should be saturated with oxygen, the aquarium should be equipped with aeration and filter.
Gourami can easily get along with guppies, cherry barb, small zebrafish and other peace-loving creatures. You can feed both dry and chopped live feed.
You can find out the price of fry and buy Honey goura on the notice board.