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Aquarium fish gourami

maintenance, care, compatibility

For beginners in aquarium business, guppies, cardinals, swordtails or catfish are considered the most suitable. All these fish, of course, cute and unpretentious, but they do not cause much enthusiasm.

If you want a bigger fish, but the colors are more original, pay attention to gourami. Despite their size and unusual appearance, it is easy to care for these fish, they eat almost everything and have a very pleasant friendly character.

From Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia in Europe gourami did not get right away. At that time, all the fish were transported in wooden barrels filled to the top with water.

The same ones died during transportation without having lived even a day. They could not find out the reason for a long time, because the water in which they were caught by gourams was very dirty and muddy.

After numerous unsuccessful attempts at transportation, the traders considered the fish problematic and abandoned this occupation.

And only at the end of the 19th century, 20 years later, one observant European noticed that the fish regularly rise to the surface of the water and swallow air. This time the barrels of water were filled to the top and did not seal.

So the fish finally overcame the ocean and got to Europe without loss. These were spotted gourami.

In Russia, they were only in 1912-1915. Today, the former popularity of gourami has faded, but they are still in demand.

Perhaps due to the fact that breeders do not forget about them and display new color variations.

These macropods have an oblong oval-shaped body. At length it is elongated, flattened at the sides.

Pectoral fins filiform. From them to the tail is a solid lower fin.

The dorsal and anal differ: in males, they are sharp and elongated, and in females they are short and rounded.

Coloring may be different, but spots and stripes are necessarily present. Natural color – light silver.

The brighter the fish, the better its health.

As for the size of gourami, there are small individuals (4-5 cm) and there are small fish of medium size (about 10 cm). In an aquarium, the maximum size of these labyrinths can reach 15 cm.

There is even a record – 35 cm!

Under good conditions, can live 5-7 years. There are also old-timers who have pleased their owners for 12 years.

These fish have amazing features that have appeared in the process of evolution: a labyrinth and an unusual organ of touch.

Labyrinth – this is an additional respiratory organ to the gills. It is located in the cavity above them and consists of the thinnest bone plates covered with a mucous membrane penetrated by a network of vessels.

It develops only 2-3 weeks after hatching of larvae from caviar.

The labyrinth allows gourami to live in a small amount of water, in dirty water or even 6-8 hours without it. They must have the opportunity to rise to the surface and trap air, otherwise the fish will suffocate.

This should be taken into account both when arranging an aquarium and when transporting pets.

Pelvic fins in the form of threads that gourami use for touch. In muddy and overgrown reservoirs, they can navigate easily.

Aquarium fish gourami – this is truly wonderful and beautiful fish. The gourami body has an elongated, oval, slightly flattened lateral shape with large dorsal and caudal fins. In this case, the dorsal fin in females has a rounded shape, and in males it is pointed.

Just on this basis it is very often possible to find out about the sex of an individual. Gourami have very curious front fins, which are long, dense threads, designed for the peculiar feeling of objects around the fish.

The most frequent representative of this species is the marble gourami. The color of it is very interesting: across the general silver color of the whole body there are often stripes that have a darker shade.

In addition, spots of the same color are located near the tail and dorsal fins, which, in turn, have a light, almost transparent color with a bright border along the edges. During breeding, the body of the fish acquires a more saturated color. The eyes become bright red, and the caudal fin acquires several bright spots.

Because of its amazing color and unpretentiousness, gourami fish is very popular among aquarists, both professionally engaged in breeding fish and amateurs. With good care, gourami fish will delight you for 4-6 years.

The waters of Indonesia, Thailand and South Vietnam are home to representatives of this species. It is here in the muddy, dark water and live these wonderful fish.

As a rule, local waters have a very large number of thickets, tangled among themselves, as a result of which sunlight almost does not penetrate water. It is here that the front pelvic fins come in handy with gourami, with which they can easily move in the water, pedantically feeling the objects in front of them.

Since goura fishes belong to the labyrinth family, they also have a famous feature of this family, namely, the ability to breathe atmospheric air. Yes Yes!

To do this, they have a special body, called “the maze” because of its great similarity. Thanks to this feature, the fish can easily live in muddy and dirty water, which is deficient in oxygen.

Of course, gourami fish also have gills, but they, above all, perform an auxiliary function.

There is a wide variety of types of gourami: pearls, honey, marble, and blue, and gold. The most popular species for keeping in aquariums are, of course, the marble and pearl gouras, because of the most interesting color.

Marble gourami is therefore called “marble” because they have a very close resemblance to a piece of valuable marble. Often, they have a bluish hue of the body with the corresponding “marble” divorce. It was as if randomly scattered small pearls on the silver body of the pearl gouras, which give such a fish a special charm.

Very often, a dark stripe runs along the body of the pearl gourami, and the dorsal fin has a rich blue color.

Fish are very unpretentious in content and easily get along with any other types of aquarium fish, except, of course, very large fish that can harm gourami, especially their front threadlike fins.

Keep gourami better in a large aquarium, a volume of 50 liters. In such an aquarium, there must be both thick algae thickets (in order for the male to have the opportunity to start building a nest in them), and free swimming places.

Keep in mind that only in bright light gourami can get a really bright, colorful color. Fish prefer clean water, so you should pay attention to effective filtration.

In order for gourami to exist well in an aquarium, it is necessary to constantly maintain the water temperature within 23 – 26 degrees Celsius. An important feature of the content of the fish is food, which, in principle, can be anything (even dry, even live, even ice cream), but its size should be very small due to the natural features of the mouth size of gourami.

Gourami adults can easily survive 5 to 8 days without food, but if you leave them without food for a longer period, then it is likely that they will die.

Gourami – small freshwater fish of the Macropod family, suborder Labyrinth fish. Natural habitat – Southeast Asia and adjacent islands. Species pearl gourami found in the Malay Archipelago, on Sumatra and Borneo.

Sometimes it is caught on the island of Java, in Bangkok, but here they appeared because of the carelessness of aquarium lovers. Lunar gourami lives in the waters of Cambodia and Thailand, serpentine gourami – in the territory of southern Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia.

The spotted gourami is found in the freshwater rivers of India and the Malay Archipelago, and the blue gouras inhabit Sumatra. Some species of these fish were mistakenly recorded in freshwater bodies of other continents – North and South America.

Small fishes like standing waters, with a slow current, therefore they search for small rivers, small streams for living. Gourami brown mastered estuaries with brackish water.

Nowadays, the maintenance of these species is possible in the home aquarium.

The maximum body size of gourami in their natural environment is 60 cm in length, but in conditions of captivity the length of the body reaches no more than 15 cm. The character of the fish is unpretentious, friendly, with special features in each species.

For example, kissing gourami may take a position that resembles kisses, and be in it for some time.

Keeping and caring for a fish will not create a hassle even for a beginner aquarist. It is pleasant to watch these pets – each has its own color, manner of behavior. They are mobile and easily breed in domestic spawning.

To create good living conditions in an artificial reservoir, you need to make the maximum amount of effort. Then they will reward the owner with a beautiful appearance and a long lifespan of 5 to 10 years or more.

These fish prefer a spacious place for swimming, so for several pets an aquarium from 100 liters will suit. They love to hide in the scenery and dense thickets of moss and algae.

All types of these fish are gregarious, so in order to avoid stressful situations, they need a company of fellows. Timid, a little shy, swim in the upper and middle layers of water.

Watch the video story about gourami.

They do not create problems for the neighbors in the reservoir, but may suffer from the attacks of some. For example, Sumatran and tiger barbs, swordtails and guppy fish may incorrectly perceive their shy behavior and bright appearance.

As a result, their fins will be intimidated and gnawed, although there have been cases of physical destruction. There is also rivalry among gourami: if there are few females per male, rivalry will begin between males.

As fishes living in warm waters, their maintenance and care are possible in an aquarium with a water temperature of 22-27 degrees Celsius. Cold water is hardly tolerated, they begin to ache. They prefer good lighting, which can be provided with LB lamps of 0.4-0.5 W per liter.

The lamp should be installed at a distance of 10 cm from its surface. Filtration and aeration are necessary.


Like labyrinth fishes, they periodically breathe atmospheric oxygen, getting it from the surface. To do this, the tank lid must be left ajar to allow air to enter. The difference between water and air temperature must be zero, so that the fish will not damage the labyrinth organ.

Once a week you need to update 25% of the water for a new and fresh. The permissible acidity of the aquatic environment averages 7.0 pH, the hardness should not exceed 8-10 dGH.

Pearl gourami care spawn photo video reproduction description

Pearl gourami care and maintenance

Aquarium. To maintain this species, you must have an aquarium that can accommodate more than 50 liters.

This volume is enough for 6–7 individuals (2–3 females are needed per 1 male). If there is a cap in the aquarium, it should not fit snugly, as air must be constantly circulated.

For a layer of soil (5–6 cm) take large river sand, suitable for the structure of algae growing in the aquarium.

Vegetation. These small fish love to hide and build their nests in the undergrowth, so lush, bushy vegetation is suitable for their maintenance: hendeer, valisneria, peristolistnik.

Do not use too many plantations, leave them a place to swim.

On the surface, you can expand the duckweed, collecting it in the islands. Just watch out for its growth: it should not cover the entire surface of the water so that the fish have access to the air.

Water parameters. Gourami love heat, so be attentive to the temperature of their habitat.

It must be 24–27 ° C, otherwise the fish may get sick. Best of all, if the aquarium will be equipped with a heater with a thermostat.

Try to regularly replace the water (25% of the volume of the aquarium per week).

Compatibility. Keeping them with other species is problematic. But it’s not about the character of the gourays, and you can’t call them fighting men.

The case in the neighbors, which may attract their fins, like worms. If you still want to add other fish to them, find out if they are not aggressive or predatory, otherwise the gourami will not get along with them.

Such undesirable neighbors include swordtails, barbs, some types of cichlids and haracin.

GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.

If gourami males begin to build a nest of foam, then they are ready for reproduction. Usually, this happens at the age of a year.

The male can and should be helped. Firstly, the water level in the aquarium during this period should not exceed 15 cm.

Secondly, it needs building materials – it is therefore advisable to put small floating plants in the spawning ground. They will also help the female to hide from the annoying grooming of the male after spawning.

Breeding gourami can and in the general aquarium. But if this does not happen, then reproduction must begin with the “moving” of the male from the main aquarium to the spawning ground.

In a spawn of 15–20 l, there should be standing water so that the constructed nest does not collapse, the water temperature is heated to 28–29 ° C.

The male spends all his time around the nest, whose diameter reaches 7 cm. This is the future place for posterity.

When the male has already acquired such a place, the female is transplanted to it.

Pregnant gourami looks like other pregnant fish – it has a rounded belly. And the male sees it.

If the female is ready to spawn, then he immediately begins to care for her in every possible way, changes color and becomes especially beautiful. If the female is not ready, she can drive to the loss of her tail and fins or even to death.

Before spawning, growers feed hard.

PEARLY GURAMI Characteristic of external features

This fish has a rather high body, shape gourami pearl is flatter in the lateral area and drawn out in length. The body of the fish has a magnificent color of silver-purple color, a variety of nacre spots are located throughout the body and the fin zone, and a dark stripe stretches along the body. The name of this fish is due to the presence of spots, because they are very similar to pearls.

The length of the fish is eleven centimeters. Pearl goura females are smaller than males in size and have a light color.

Compared with female individuals, males are more elongated dorsal and anal fin. The chest and abdomen of males during the spawning process have a bright red-red color.

PEARLY GURAMI Habitat features

Have unique beauty pearl gourami, they are distinguished by their peaceful and quiet temperament, but the fish are rather shy. They live comfortably in an aquarium with various species of fish and calm in nature.

Providing comfortable living conditions for these fish is quite simple, because they are unpretentious. Convenient aquarium for pearl gourami will be a pond of 40 liters in volume, filled with many plants and all kinds of shelters that are so necessary for fish. For them, dark ground will also be the most pleasant.

Do not forget to leave the fish free space in the aquarium, where they can swim, and it is also important to maintain clean water and natural lighting. The following water parameters are comfortable for these fish: temperature in the range of 23 to 27 degrees, hardness not more than 16 °, and pH 6.0-7.0.

Once a week you should filter and aerate the water, and also replace at least 30%. Moth, tubule, daphnia, i.e. live food, are suitable as food for gourami pearls; nevertheless, dry food is also suitable for feeding fish.

PEARLY GURAMI PHOTO

Gourami nagging: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Parameters of water for keeping gurus grumbling in an aquarium

The fishes are peaceful and slightly fearful. They can easily be kept in a common aquarium with other peace-loving fishes.

It is advisable to keep a small flock of 6-8 fish, in a ratio where there will be one or two females per male. If there are fewer fish, there will often be various skirmishes between them, and because of this they will have less time to grumble.

It is also impossible to keep several pairs of fish in a small aquarium, as during spawning the males fiercely guard their territory and very often injure each other.

It is better not to lodge shrimps with grouse grumbling, the latter can become a source of food. Snails, these fish eat “by mood”.

In spite of their peace-loving nature, the males with the ghouls nagging are quite aggressive towards small fishes of the same sex of their own species. Under the protection of the territory, the males do not fight to the death, but reward each other with butting and occasionally tear their fins to each other.

During the clashes, the males loudly “grumble”, these sounds can be heard a few meters from the aquarium. Males can also grumble in front of females.

Females are less aggressive. Fishes of the opposite sex are usually not touched, sometimes they are “overwhelmed by authority”, but they can be patted if they guard the nest.

Fish of larger species can offend gourami, especially cichlids and large barbs – slow-moving labyrinths are a temptation for fans to tweak the fins. Small gourami grunts usually do not touch, although it is not necessary to sit down to them one or two centimeters fry.

Best suited for a species aquarium.

In captivity, the ghouls grumbling eagerly eat dried food, but do not forget to include in the diet a sufficient amount of small live or frozen food, such as Daphnia, Artemia or chironomid larvae (the well-known bloodworm), which will allow to achieve optimal color.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Gourami Lunar: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Class: Liverfishes;

View: Lunar gourami;

International scientific name: Trichogaster microlepis, Guenther, 1861.

Also known as: Osphromenus microlepis Guenther, 1861.

Parameters of water for keeping gurami lunar in an aquarium:

Stiffness: up to 20,

Acidity: pH 6.8-7.5.

Aggressiveness: non-aggressive 10%.

Volume of aquarium for a couple: 50 liters.

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 20-30% water.

Habitat gourami lunar

Currently, vegetation is rich in vegetation in Cambodia and Thailand. They were brought to Europe in 1951, and in 1981 they began to appear with aquarists of Russia.

Description gourami lunar

The fish has a tall, slightly elongated body and compressed on the sides. The body is painted in a monochromatic bluish-silver color. In aquariums usually do not exceed 12 cm, and in the wild can reach 15 cm.

Life expectancy from 5 to 7 years.

Sexual dimorphism of gurus of the lunar – male and female

The male gourami moon is larger than the female. His dorsal fin is longer and sharper.

The male threadlike fins have an orange tint, but the female has a yellowish one.

And, of course, the male gives off a red-orange hue of the breast during the mating season.

Compatibility gurami lunar

Fish – peaceful and fearful. They can contain almost all the peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium.

But it is advisable to pick them in the neighbors fish of similar size.

What to feed gurami lunar

In feeding gourami the moon is completely picky and ready to eat any food found. Like other fish, gourami will be very grateful to you for a varied diet consisting of both dry and live food (bloodworm, pipe builder, daphnia, etc.).

Prone to overeating.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Conditions of detention gurami lunar

For a comfortable living aquarium should be at least 50 cm in length, sometimes planted with plants, have shelters and free space for swimming. In addition, the aquarium should be floating plants that the fish used for spawning. The presence of the aquarium cover is necessary, because Fish breathe atmospheric air and capture it from the surface of the water.

Above the aquarium should not be cold air, and even more drafts.

Cultivation and breeding gourami lunar

Like all trichogaster, at the lunar gurus during the spawning process, the male builds a nest of foam. It consists of air bubbles and particles of plants, to give strength.

However, it is quite large, about 24 cm in diameter and 14 cm in height.

Before spawning, a pair of producers are abundantly fed with live food. After a couple of lunar gourae are deposited in a spawning aquarium, with a capacity of 100 liters or more.

The water level in it should be low, 15-20 cm, the water is soft, slightly acidic with a temperature of 28C. On the surface of the water you need to put floating plants – riccia, duckweed, and in the aquarium itself to establish dense bushes of long-stemmed plants, where the female can hide.

As soon as the nest is ready, the marriage games will begin. The male swims in front of the female, straightening the fins and inviting her to the nest.

As soon as the female swims up, the male embraces her with his body, squeezing the calf and immediately inseminates it. Caviar floats to the surface, the male collects it and folds it into the nest, after which everything repeats.

Spawning lasts several hours, during this time about 1000 eggs are deposited. After spawning, the female needs to be transplanted, since the male can kill her, although the male is less aggressive in the lunar gouras than in other types of trichogasters.

The male will guard the nest until the fry swim, which hops for 2 days, and after two days begins to swim. From this point on, the male should be transplanted, in order to avoid eating the young. At first, the fry is alive with dust, then it is transferred to the nautilia of Artemia.

The fry are very sensitive to the purity of the water, so regular changes and cleaning of food residues are important.

Author Alexander Isakov

The food for them is small — an infusorium, a microworm, egg yolk, or yogurt. When they grow up, you can give naupilii Artemia. Stronger individuals should be placed separately from weak ones.

A fully formed labyrinth apparatus appears in young fish after a month of life. They become sexually mature at the age of about 1 year.

All owners are gourami proud and satisfied with the small gold that floats in their aquariums. Graceful fish will decorate any house, standing out among its neighbors with beauty and grace.

Video about gold fish gourami:

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