maintenance, care, compatibility
The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.
Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.
By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown.
Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.
They are also known for eating algae and snails.
HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom.
As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.
CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo.
Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger.
Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.
Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.
It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7
VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish
DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals.
Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6
DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous.
The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails.
Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish
COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ.
The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters.
Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8
COCK –Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family.
Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. Get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm.
It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime.
Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7
GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.
Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO—Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.
Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.
The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.
Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.
It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish
NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey.
Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals.
Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years.
Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon.
And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5
SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish
The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA—Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.
The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades.
Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual.
Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed.
Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In the aquarium it grows up to 40 cm.
In the daytime, mostly hiding. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.
An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5
FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish
The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen’s dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy.
But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.
Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?
Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).
Creating an “underwater world” with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented.
However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other’s food chain. Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.
Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.
In order to have less discord in your tank, its inhabitants should not be cramped. For each fish up to 5 cm in size it is necessary to have 8-10 liters of aquarium volume, 10 cm in size – 15-20 liters, over 15 cm – 25-30 liters.
These figures are not “the truth of last resort” and are given with a certain margin, but they should not be exceeded. Do not forget that plants and soil in your tank also take up some space.
Remember that some species of aquarium fish can produce offspring only if there are no “alien” neighbors around at all. In other words, there is often a situation where a certain type of aquarium fish, capable of living in a common aquarium, breeds only in a “species” domestic pond.
No matter how much you like the photos and the names of the aquarium fish from the catalog, new pets cannot be moved into the general aquarium if they are incompatible with those that already live in your home pond.
You can create a set of fish for the aquarium yourself using the table below.
Also a good solution would be to use one of the time-tested sets of aquarium fish.
There are aquarian inhabitants who feel great and look great in pairs or even in one copy. And there are those who are better to keep in groups.
Packs can be simple, in which all the fish are equal and the leader, depending on the situation, can be any, or hierarchical with a permanent leader and participants who clearly know their place. The pack has its own advantages: the fish are better protected from enemies, it is more convenient for them to eat, they are less nervous and, finally, they look very advantageous.
Let’s briefly consider the main types of schooling aquarium fish, for convenience, arranged in alphabetical order.
It has a long and flattened laterally body, the shape resembling an ellipse. Its length is not more than 12 cm. The tail consists of two blades.
There is a fat fin. The back is gray-brown, the sides are olive or yellow-green, and the belly is pinkish. On a tail stalk and a tail a black strip.
The iris of the eye is red and shiny above. The fins of some individuals are grayish-yellow, others are reddish.
The nature of the fish is peaceful, timid. They move a lot and are very jumping.
Contain a flock in an aquarium with a front wall length of at least 1 meter.
They are schooling, peace-loving, mobile and shy small (up to 3.5-4 cm) fish. Contain a group of 10 individuals.
Categorically you can not sit down them to large fish, as defenseless neons will be eaten. There are several varieties of them:
- Blue or ordinary. The back is dark olive, under it is a bright blue neon band across the whole body, even lower – red from the middle to the tail, the bottom is silver-white. All fins are colorless.
- Green or catholic. Greenish-silver fish with olive back and whitish belly. The side line is duplicated by a greenish stripe. At the base of the tail is a dark spot, and above it is a golden “flashlight”. Fins do not have color. Anal rimmed with white.
- Red. It looks like neon ordinary, but the bottom of the body is red.
A native of South America. A little shy and herbivorous.
In nature it grows up to 15 cm, in captivity it is somewhat less. It is better to keep in a specific aquarium with a group of 6 pieces. Volume not less than 200 l.
- Petitella geography
This representative of the family of Haracinaids in nature can be found in the upper reaches of the Amazon River. She is slim, painted in silver color. The back has a bluish tint, and the head is reddish.
The tail is white with three black stripes. Other fins of females are transparent, while males are red. The maximum size of fish is 5-6 cm.
In the 50-liter aquarium can contain 7-9 fish.
Very beautiful fish. Her body is tall and flat, silver.
It grows up to 5 cm. A pair of vertical dark stripes on the body, as well as a wide black anal fin, resembling a skirt, are considered distinctive features of a thorn.
The fin on the back is also black, and the others are colorless. In addition to this classic form, there is also a voileus, albino and artificially colored “caramel”.
The minimum amount for the content – 7 pieces.
There are a lot of species of this fish. Sizes range from 2 to 7 cm.
Body shape also varies from elongated to almost rhomboid. What to say about the variety of colors! The most popular representatives of this species are:
- Golden Color gold. The head and tail have bright spots. The side line is dark green.
- Copper or Hasemania. The body is copper. The side line is silver. The tips of the fins are milky.
- Royal or Palmer. Brown or olive back. Yellowish white belly. Dark stripe along the body. Fins are translucent pointed.
There are many others: background Rio, flashlight, firefly, rhodostomus, Colombian, mirror and others. For all recommended schooling content of 10-12 pieces.
Alone, these fish become aggressive and annoying.
His second name is red or bloody tetra. It was imported from Brazil and Paraguay.
The body is slim. Appearance is quite memorable.
The upper part of the body is olive brown with green tint, the bottom is bright red. A dark band passes along the body.
Gill covers and dorsal fin may have small specks. The fins are red, there may be a white rim on the dorsal.
A distinctive feature of the species is a quadrangular standing fin on the back, often elongated. Its base has no scales.
They contain a flock in a specific or general aquarium.
Aquarium fish – DESCRIPTION
For many, aquarium fish are very often the favorite pets. Their names are very diverse and amazing.
Many of them speak for themselves, but the beginning amateur has not even heard about most types of aquarium fish. It is amazing to watch these bright multi-colored creatures. Psychologists say that after a short period of time observing aquarium fish, a person regains mental balance, stress passes, blood pressure returns to normal.
The carp fish family, among which such species of aquarium fish as the goldfish, barbus, danios, can rightly be considered the most common in modern aquarism. The next most popular family of fish – Persian. The sword-bearer, guppy, petilia
and mollies – these types of fish became the first experience for many aquarium lovers. Also, somiki success.
A lot of interest are the types of fighting and antsistrusy. The popularity of such a family of fish as the Cichlids-Predators is constantly growing. Many species of fish of this family, such as discus, astronotus, tsikhlazomy and chromis, are now very widespread.
Do not forget about other families of fish, for example, Labyrinths with their beautiful representatives – liliusi and macropods. Fish are representatives of the class of vertebrate animals, their habitat are fresh and saline waters. This ancient group, according to some scientists, exists on the planet for more than 430 million years.
There are practically no reservoirs on Earth in which certain species of fish would not live.
It affects not only their great diversity, but also the ability to adapt to different conditions. Exotic fish that are kept in aquariums often have a very interesting body shape, small size and beautiful color. As a rule, they are thermophilic and feel comfortable at a temperature of at least 19-21 degrees, but some species withstand even lower temperature.
Look often for the general condition of the inhabitants of the aquarium world. Look, whether aquarium fish are sick, whether their behavior is normal, whether there are different types of growths, bruises, wounds on them. All unnecessary items immediately need to be removed from the aquarium, suspicious fish should be deposited in a separate aquarium, especially carefully monitor them, try to find out the reasons for their abnormality and, if possible, identify any symptoms of diseases
.Under the aquarium fish refers to fish, the content of which is possible at home and for which there is a demand among aquarists. Aquarium fish in the shops sell a huge variety and it is not surprising that many novice aquarists are confused and take the wrong aquarium fish. This leads to problems.
And so to say the advice on the track – trust only trusted aquarium shops, read more yourself and listen to less sellers. Before you buy anything, find out whether the store has specialized in aquarium fish for a long time, and whether complex types of fish are on sale.
But if the place to buy fish is doubtful, just hold that purchased fish are 2-3 weeks in a separate aquarium to observe and clarify the issue of their health.
ALL ABOUT AQUARIUM FISH
Aquarium fish – ornamental fish, which are kept in aquariums. The first mention of the artificial breeding of fish in China is dated 1500 BC. er For most of the aquarium fish is characterized by a bright decorative color, fancy body shape and small size.
Goldfish are considered the most popular aquarium fish.
The popular aquarium fish also include: danios, anscistrus, barbs, angelfish, catfish, neons, nanostomuses, labo, discus, guppy, etc.
Maintenance and nutrition of aquarium fish.
Usually in aquariums may contain several species of fish. Here you need to very competently approach the combination of various species in the aquarium.
It is necessary to take into account the compatibility of the color of aquarium fish, the proximity of the conditions of detention, the similarity of behavior.
Pay attention to the presence of oxygen in the aquarium (with its lack of fish rise to the surface and swallow bubbles of water).
Very important is the temperature of the water (if the water is too cold the fish will be lethargic, if too high – they will be thrown vertically around the aquarium).
Lighting is also very important for fish – the light day for fish should last 10-12 hours, so do not forget to take care of purchasing a lamp that corresponds to the volume of your tank.
To eat aquarium fish should be diverse, full and correct. Usually, fish are fed 2 or 1 time per day, usually 1 hour before and after switching on the light.
It is also useful to arrange a so-called hungry day 1 time a week – then the probability of obesity in fish is reduced.
It is very important not to overfeed the fish, as food remains, not eaten and trapped in the soil, rot, which leads to turbidity of water, and therefore the disease of fish.
There is a huge variety of species and subspecies, families, genera, orders and sub-orders of aquarium fish.
This information is mainly used by experienced breeders and razvodchiki fish. We will consider the families and types of fish that are most common in home aquariums.
The carp family is considered to be the most popular aquarium fish, among them such species of fish as the barbus, goldfish, danios.
The second most famous is the family of kartozubyh fishes. This includes such species of fish as the swordtails, guppies, mollies, petilia.
Various catfish are very famous, among them antsistrusy, fighting are especially known. Next in popularity are the cichlids family, for example, such fish species as scalar, chromis, discus and tsikhlazomy.
Also, a significant part of aquarists prefer labyrinth families of fish, such as cockerels, lyalius and macropads.
These are calving and viviparous fishes. Breeding aquarium fish are those fish that spawn in the ground or on plants, and then fry appear from it.
And viviparous aquarium fish are fish that immediately produce fry, which can do without the help of parents. It should also be noted that among the aquarium fish there are predatory fish that feed on smaller fish than themselves.
Aquarium Fish Decoration Aquarium
So, how to feed, we figured out … And what to feed aquarium fish?
All feed for aquarium fish can be divided into four groups – branded, frozen, live food and vegetable food.
If you want to keep a healthy fish with a beautiful color, it is better to feed all kinds of these feeds. Of course, some fish can eat only live food, others only vegetable.
But for ordinary fish, the ideal diet consists of branded feeds, regular feeding with live feeds, and not regular plant foods.
Branded feed – provided that you buy real ones, and not fake, can be the basis of the diet for most fish. Modern branded food for fish, contain all the necessary substances, vitamins and minerals, so that the fish was healthy. To buy such food is no longer a problem, and the choice is huge.
Separately, I will note the so-called dry food – dried gammarus, cyclops and daphnia. Extremely bad feeding option for any fish.
Does not contain nutrients, poorly digested, allergen for people.
But do not use dry food – dried daphnia, there are almost no nutrients in it, fish suffer from stomach diseases and grow poorly!
Aquarium fish Diseases
The most important step in the treatment of aquarium fish diseases is to establish the correct diagnosis.
Encyclopedic knowledge of diseases is not enough here, we need considerable experience for a long time already engaged in aquarium fish people.
When studying the history of the disease of fish, it is necessary to note the following factors:
– before the onset of the disease, whether new fish or plants appeared in the aquarium (infection is possible);
– there may have been a sharp drop in temperature or composition of the water (then colds can occur);
– what changes were in the behavior of aquarium fish (fish sluggish, move a little, or rub against stones, soil, refuse to eat, etc.).
After studying the history of the disease, changes in behavior, you should examine the body of the fish (whether the color has changed, the appearance of spots or tumors, the destruction of the fins, and the clouding of the eyes).
And only after that the verdict of one or another disease is rendered. Beautiful you aquarium fish.
Section “Aquarium fish“ includes a description of aquarium fish of various species and requirements for their maintenance. Here are the most popular families and types of aquarium fishto.
The carp family of fish, among which such species of fish as the goldfish, barbus, danios, can rightly be considered the most common in modern aquarism. The next most popular family of fish – Persian.
The sword-bearer, guppy, petilia and mollies – these species of fish became the first experience for many aquarists. Catfish are also popular.
Deserved interest are the types of fighting and antsistrusy. The popularity of such a family of fish as the Cichlids is growing every year. Some species of fish of this family, such as the discus, scalaria, astronotus, tsikhlazomy and chromis are now quite widespread.
Do not forget about the other families of fish, such as Labyrinth with their wonderful representatives – males, llyausami and macropods.
Aquarium fish VIDEO
MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION
Mollies content feeding compatibility spawning care description
Here are the most popular types of mollies: black mollies (lira-molly), Velifer mollies, sailing mollies, sailing mollies. Silver mollies (also called snowflake mollies) is a selection form of sailing mollies.
Keep them better in groups or in pairs.
This fish lives mainly in the upper and middle layer of water, loves the water space and light.
The light day of mollies should be at least 12-13 hours. It is useful for fish, if at least a couple of hours a day lighting is natural, but if there is no possibility, then you can do without it.
Of course, she also needs natural shelters: thickets of plants, snags, decorative ornaments that can serve as a refuge.
Mollies feed on all types of dry and live food.
The only condition that helps to maintain the activity and health of these fish is that they definitely need plant fiber.
Therefore, along with others, use vegetarian feed, plant in the aquarium plants with soft leaves, which the fish can eat. You can also feed them in small portions of chopped boiled vegetables.
Another important point in the content of mollies: at home, they live where the river water mixes with the sea water, and therefore they like hard water. If you only have mollies and placilia in your indoor pond, you can even add some salt to the water on purpose.
If other fish also live with them, then of course you should not do this. But in the case of illness or quarantine, the fish can be deposited in an aquarium with salted water – so it will come back to normal faster.
The name “molliesia” originated from the genus name – Mollienesia. The natural range of these fish is fresh and slightly saline waters of Central America. Wide mop mollies live mainly in reservoirs with standing waters or small currents in southeastern North America.
The natural color of these fish is very colorful, mostly dominated by yellow-gray and spotted species.
For the first time these fish appeared in Europe more than 150 years ago, it was the spotted mollies that became the favorites of aquarists. Then, the popularity of the hybrid form, which acquired the name black mollies, gained popularity.
Black mollies were obtained as a result of breeding in the United States, and in the early forties of the last century they were bred in the territory of the Soviet Union.
In the sixties, it became fashionable to keep other mollies – the lira mollies. Which, in turn, were also bred by selection, as well as fish with a short disk-like body.
At first glance, domesticated mollies resemble swordtails. But mollies have wider tail fins and more dorsal fins.
The females of these fish are slightly larger than the males. With good care and favorable conditions, females grow up to 8 cm, and males up to 6 cm.
Wild representatives of this species and a half times more. In addition, the fish living in the wild have a somewhat oblong and more rounded body, they are somewhat reminiscent of the placium.
Even an inexperienced eye can distinguish females and males; the males have a long process at the anal fin – gonopodiums.
Mollies are viviparous fishes, they are loved for a magnificent and bright color. For example, in sailing fish of this species of extraordinary beauty, a gray body with an olive sheen, on which, like a brush, transverse stripes and nacre specks form dark points.
Aquarium species of mollies are the result of the cultivation of North American species, or their selection. Despite a number of differences, all the fish have common qualities.
- Females of all types of mollies are an order of magnitude larger than males: for example, Velifer’s mollies reach 18 cm in length, female Latipeny 12 cm, sphenops 8 cm. Sexual dimorphism is expressed: except for the difference in body size, the anal fin of a male cone-shaped (genopod) in females it is fan-like. All the mollies females are viviparous fishes that bear fry, bringing them to the light ready for full-fledged life activity.
- Pet shops sell different sphenops and latexes, how many of them are actually bred – only experienced ichthyologists know. Black mollies are common. Sometimes among their brood there are other forms — spotty, with light scales, or blue-green skin. New species – fork mollies, which has a “carved” tail fin, elongated in the upper and lower parts; scarf molly, in which the dorsal fin is long and elongated.