maintenance, care, compatibility
Compatibility of aquarium fish – a very important issue for beginners and experienced razvodchiki. Each fish has an individual character, style of behavior, regardless of whether it is a herbivore or a predator.
Some fish quickly eat plants and shrimp, others attack the fish themselves. Of course, there were cases when practically incompatible species coexisted in one reservoir.
Aquarium fish compatibility chart
To systematize this issue, you should familiarize yourself with the habitat conditions of each hydrobiont, and then decide who to share it with. Assess the degree of aggressiveness of each species, the water parameters that are acceptable for them, in which layers of the reservoir they usually swim.
To ensure that your aquarium is filled with life, a table is provided that lists the compatibility of freshwater fish.
Watch the video about the compatibility of aquarium fish.
Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)
The species compatibility table clearly shows which animals are fully compatible with each other, incompatible, or partially compatible under certain conditions. Consider the principles on which the table is built.
- Conditions should be well suited for all inhabitants of the aquarium.
- You can not put together a predator and prey.
- Type of aquarium fish with a calm and sluggish nature should not coexist with fast and active fish. They’ll starve and get stressed.
- The inhabitants of the aquarium should be proportionate. Even the most peaceful fish will eat everyone who fits into her mouth.
- Some fish show aggression and can attack both neighbors and members of their own species. It is necessary to take into account the peculiarity of behavior.
- One type of aquarium fish can not live without a flock of their own kind, the other – without a pair, and the third prefers loneliness. This should not be forgotten if you want to avoid fights or stress.
So, consider what types of aquarium fish are, some aspects of their content and compatibility. In one article it is impossible to describe all types of fish, so we will focus on the most popular representatives and the general characteristics of groups.
Another pets for beginners – goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common. If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids.
But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves. Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat.
And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.
Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together. Who do goldfish can get along with?
Aquarium species of calm catfish – the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras – Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine. There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Very often, beautiful decorative goldfish are the very first pet beginner aquarists. But before you start them at home, you should definitely consider the compatibility of these beauties with other typical inhabitants of aquariums.
Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all tsikhlovyh.
Even if cichlids are herbivores of the same size as goldfish, then races around the aquarium are inevitable.
In some sources you can find information about the peaceful living in the general aquarium of goldfish and South American tsihlazom, however, clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.
As for the fairly common astronotus, he considers the “gold” only as an additional dish for his dinner.
Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants.
Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to a peaceful disposition, they can live together with each other in a flock, as well as with other species of fish.
Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium. Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.
What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species.
But one thing unites them – a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness. This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors.
So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.
Neons are characterized by calm behavior, and only during the spawning season they become overly active and cocky. Therefore, choose as your neighbors for them fish are not predatory, but omnivorous or herbivorous, balanced and not very playful.
There are a number of rules that are important to ensure that the compatibility of neons with other fish in the aquarium is the most successful.
Look at the successful version of the general aquarium with neons.
- Compatibility is possible between fish that live in the wild in a similar environment. Neon fish live in water at a temperature of 18-24 ° C, pH 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 8-20o. Therefore, their neighbors in the aquarium should be adapted to the same parameters.
- Neon cannot be settled with large predators that feed exclusively on meat and carrion. Otherwise, peace-loving neons will become prey for them – the fins can be cut off, at a minimum.
- You can not settle in the general aquarium fish large and small, such an incompatibility can cause severe stress, or loss of bright body color.
- Choose neighbors, similar in temperament. Small and nimble fish will feel comfortable in the company of calm and not fast fish. What is it for? The fact is that the activity of fish can cause fluctuations in water, which can lead to stress.
- Neons are schooling fishes, not loners. They feel well in the company of the same kindred, the fish alone will not live long.
Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.
See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.
Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.
Rasbory – can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the family Karpovye.
Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia) – peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active.
It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period. With insufficient feeding, in the cramped, small place for swimming, the swordtails become unbearable.
So that these fish do not terrorize small neons, the aquarium should be spacious, with a sufficient number of plants and shelters.
Neons are poorly compatible with such fish:
- Large catfish, cichlids, barbs, astronotus, cockerels, koi carps – those who live in cool water, or have a predatory, aggressive behavior.
- Goldfish – they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
- Angelfish – can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.
Akantoftalmus: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video compilation
aquarium snake worm
Acantoftalmuses are interesting inhabitants of the aquarium, with an unusual body structure, it is unique and looks like a serpentine shape, and their striped color makes them even more attractive.
Usually, those wise-experienced aquarists looking for some novelty are beginning to be interested in these fish. And for good reason, acantophthalmos are fishes that destroy the stereotype of the average man about aquarium fishes, moreover, their seemingly harmless appearance is deceptive, because in nature they are “ruthless killers”.
Latin name: Acanthophtalmus, Pangio.
Russian name: Akantoftalmus, spiny-eyed loach, worm fish, snake.
Order, family: Cyprinids (Cypriniformes) – Carps (Cyprinoidei) – Bindfish (Cobitidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-30 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6.5-7.2.
Stiffness dH: 5-6 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
The complexity of the content: easy Compatibility: Acatophthalmos are compatible with all peaceful and non-aggressive fish.
For example, danios, tetras, and other loachworms, gourami, are compatible with some peaceful cichlids: parrots, scalars, etc. In addition, Acantoftalmusy easily coexists with arthropods (shrimps), (at the bottom of the article there is a video confirmation of this – Video №2). Not compatible: with aggressive and territorial fish. For example, large cichlids: astronotus, akara, large tsikhlazomy.
It is not advisable to keep them with labo and battles and goldfish. See article compatibility of aquarium fish.
How many live: acantophthalmos live long enough, about 5 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum volume of the aquarium: In principle, these worms can be kept in small aquariums. However, acantophthalmos like spacious from 100 liters and wide reservoirs.
About how much you can keep other fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for care and maintenance:
– A prerequisite for the content of acantophthalmos is the presence of shallow soil in the aquarium (sand or small pebbles), plus the presence of a large number of shelters (snags, rhizomes, grottoes, etc.).
Such decoration of the aquarium is due to the way of life of the acantoftalmuses, because in nature they live under the rhizomes of plants and trees, are woven into a snake, and also often burrow into the ground. – In addition, acantophthalmos should be maintained in aquariums equipped with a lid. Fish can jump out of the aquarium and end their lives on the carpet near the pond.
This is due to the fact that with a decrease in atmospheric pressure, the worms become nervous and quickly move along the walls of the aquarium, in such a state they can slip out of it.
– You should also carefully clean the aquarium, especially the ground (siphon), and be careful when extracting aquarium decorations.
Feeding and diet of acantophthalmus: fish are omnivorous, eat any food: live, dry, substitutes. They love live or frozen food.
Food mainly taken from the ground or in the ground. The diet of fish includes: small organisms living in the soil, as well as the waste of the natural life of an aquarium of organic and vegetable origin.
In a special – personal feeding in the general aquarium do not need.
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Acantoftalmusy came to us from Asia. Their habitat is Southeast Asia and India.
They live in slow and weakly flowing channels and forest reservoirs. In such bodies of water, a lot of fallen leaves, snags and tree roots, the lighting is weak, scattered.
Description: Body shape is wormy, weakly flattened laterally in the area of the tail, lateral line absent, small scales. The head of the fish is small, and the eyes are protected by a transparent leathery film. Mouth – lower, 3 pairs of antennae.
The fins of the fish are small, the dorsal fin is located on the back half of the body. The female is up to 12 cm long, the male is up to 10 cm.
Black-brown transverse bands pass through the body, their number and density may vary. Females can be distinguished by a somewhat denser belly.
A bit of history: Acantophthalmos appeared in the post-Soviet space in the early 1970s, and since 1973 they have been successfully diluted in the USSR.
Content: Peaceful fishes (almost) live at the bottom of the aquarium and in the ground. Lead a secretive lifestyle, sometimes they can not be seen for days in your pond. Acantoftalmusy like clean water, they need shelter from bright light and soft soil is desirable, as they burrow into it.
Akantoftalmusov can be contained in any aquarium, but it is better all the same, do not forget about the comfortable volume and size of the reservoir. As a shelter for them, they use decorations: snags, stones, castles, thickets of plants.