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Aquarium Fish Compatibility

maintenance, care, compatibility

Compatibility of aquarium fish – a very important issue for beginners and experienced razvodchiki. Each fish has an individual character, style of behavior, regardless of whether it is a herbivore or a predator. Some fish quickly eat plants and shrimp, others attack the fish themselves.

Of course, there were cases when practically incompatible species coexisted in one reservoir.

Aquarium fish compatibility chart

To systematize this issue, you should familiarize yourself with the habitat conditions of each hydrobiont, and then decide who to share it with. Assess the degree of aggressiveness of each species, the water parameters that are acceptable for them, in which layers of the reservoir they usually swim.

To ensure that your aquarium is filled with life, a table is provided that lists the compatibility of freshwater fish.

Watch the video about the compatibility of aquarium fish.

Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)

Getting a pet store, the newcomer is just lost – so many fish, they all like it in their own way, I want to settle in the new aquarium as many handsome men as possible. But the choice of neighbors has its own subtleties.

Let’s consider how aquarium fish are compatible with each other.

The species compatibility table clearly shows which animals are fully compatible with each other, incompatible, or partially compatible under certain conditions. Consider the principles on which the table is built.

  1. Conditions should be well suited for all inhabitants of the aquarium.
  2. You can not put together a predator and prey.
  3. Type of aquarium fish with a calm and sluggish nature should not coexist with fast and active fish. They’ll starve and get stressed.
  4. The inhabitants of the aquarium should be proportionate. Even the most peaceful fish will eat everyone who fits into her mouth.
  5. Some fish show aggression and can attack both neighbors and members of their own species. It is necessary to take into account the peculiarity of behavior.
  6. One type of aquarium fish can not live without a flock of their own kind, the other – without a pair, and the third prefers loneliness. This should not be forgotten if you want to avoid fights or stress.

So, consider what types of aquarium fish are, some aspects of their content and compatibility. In one article it is impossible to describe all types of fish, so we will focus on the most popular representatives and the general characteristics of groups.

Another pets for beginners – goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common.

If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids. But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves. Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat.

And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.

Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together. Who do goldfish can get along with?

Aquarium species of calm catfish – the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras – Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine. There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.

Compatibility of aquarium fish. Table. Features of the calculations

A beginner who has just begun to engage in such a difficult task as breeding aquarium fish should think about trying to buy an aquarium of a small or even minimal size and buy those species that are unpretentious in care.

It is best to populate the aquarium first with some one type of fish, for example, cockerels, gourami, cyclides, or guppies. However, even about them you should read the special literature in order to know the individual characteristics when growing each individual.

Such tactics will help gain first experience and reduce the risk of failure to a minimum. It should also be taken into account that in this case it will also be necessary to monitor the optimal readings of the water temperature and its chemical characteristics, to replace the fluid in the prescribed manner, and also to purchase a filter for air supply and cleaning of the aquarium.

In general, there will be a lot of trouble until the whole process becomes a habit.

After the basics are mastered, the fish are healthy, and the water in the aquarium becomes optimal for their life, you can start breeding various types of these amazingly beautiful living creatures, taking as a basis the compatibility of aquarium fish, tables and information of professionals.

In addition to the above classifications of aquarium fish, you should also mention other possible causes of incompatibility, such as:

the size of the fish (the larger its size and the possibility of growth, the greater the amount of life it requires);

the optimal amount of water for one individual (can vary greatly depending on the species);

large difference in the size of aquatic inhabitants (leading to eating small fish sizes);

the presence of bright fins (can lead to eating them by other neighbors).

To minimize the risk of death of aquarium inhabitants, it is necessary to make a preliminary calculation of fish compatibility, which will make their existence comfortable and reproduction possible.

As already mentioned, each type of fish needs special care. Nothing is said about this in the tables, because the aquarium species compatibility table divides them into three broad categories: fully compatible, totally incompatible, and limited compatible.

It contains general data and does not take into account important details.

1. Large fish are more demanding to care, they live longer, grow gradually, and their oxygen requirements, food is also directly proportional to the increase in their size.

2. Small fishes are less whimsical, but they, as a rule, can exist only in groups, die alone.

3. Viviparous fishes easily adapt to new conditions, freely breed in any aquarium, but require careful supervision of the fry, which should be evicted in time so that they are not eaten.

Thus, when studying such an indicator as compatibility of aquarium fish, the table helps to understand the most important thing – is it possible to colonize these species together? However, this information is not enough to make the final decision, so a novice aquarist still needs to calculate compatibility and read additional information in order to find out as much as possible the individual characteristics of each individual and provide it with comfortable conditions for growth, development and reproduction.

Only after such preliminary hard work can we be sure that the aquatic inhabitants of the aquarium will be good in it.

Aquarium fish: species compatibility :: cockerel aquarium fish compatibility :: Aquarium fish

In the maintenance and breeding of aquarium fish has its own special nuances and nuances. This should know everyone who is going to get a new “pets” – aquarium fish.

Knowledge of what ornamental fish eat will not be enough. A huge role in the content of these creatures plays the compatibility of their species.

The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers

Compatibility of aquarium fish in their habitat

This is perhaps one of the most important aspects of proper and healthy keeping fish at home. It is important to know that not all fish can exist only in brackish water or only in fresh water, but most of them still prefer fresh water: goldfish, guppies, roosters, pink danios, etc.

By the way, here we should also include a certain temperature regime, which is optimal for certain fish.

Aquarium fish compatibility by temperament

This is another important criterion of friendly neighborhood. In no case can not keep in one aquarium fighters and peaceful fish.

Otherwise, the former will simply destroy the latter. For example, Siamese fighting fish (or cockerels) are fighters from nature. If they start fierce battles between themselves, then about their neighborhood with calm species of fish in general and there can be no talk!

It is curious that in one aquarium it is not even recommended to keep two male males, since one of them will surely die in a fierce fight.

Compatibility of aquarium fish: predators – a threat to peaceful fish!

Predatory fish – not neighbors peaceful! The fact is that these species prefer to eat live food, so they can easily be attacked by those fish that eat dried insect larvae, plankton, etc.

The only case when predatory fish do not attack the peaceful ones is the large size of the latter. But it is worth the predator himself to grow in size, as he immediately prefers to eat his peaceful neighbors.

In this case, you need to either separate the aquarium with opaque glass, or arrange the fish in separate tanks.

It is not recommended to place small and large kinds of fish in one aquarium. In this case, the fish will begin to experience significant discomfort. In addition, the difference in their size will constantly affect the amount of food eaten by various species of fish: the tiny inhabitants of the aquarium will always get only the crumbs, while large fish will eat large tidbits.

This rule should be followed when there is a need for breeding fish of the same species: if possible, only individuals of approximately the same age and size should be kept together.
Experienced aquarists say that it is best to breed small and gregarious fish. The fact is that these little fishes are unpretentious, very beautiful, and also affordable. They do not require large forces and costs in their care.

The most striking among them are the following fish: guppies, barbs, striped danios, picnic, swordtails, mollies. However, even here there is a rule: fry should be kept separately from the adult generation.

In the aquarium to adult individuals, they should be released when they grow up.

Mollies content feeding compatibility spawning care description

Here are the most popular types of mollies: black mollies (lira-molly), Velifer mollies, sailing mollies, sailing mollies. Silver mollies (also called snowflake mollies) is a selection form of sailing mollies.

Keep them better in groups or in pairs.

This fish lives mainly in the upper and middle layer of water, loves the water space and light.

The light day of mollies should be at least 12-13 hours. It is useful for fish, if at least a couple of hours a day lighting is natural, but if there is no possibility, then you can do without it.

Of course, she also needs natural shelters: thickets of plants, snags, decorative ornaments that can serve as a refuge.

Mollies feed on all types of dry and live food.

The only condition that helps to maintain the activity and health of these fish is that they definitely need plant fiber.

Therefore, along with others, use vegetarian feed, plant in the aquarium plants with soft leaves, which the fish can eat. You can also feed them in small portions of chopped boiled vegetables.

Another important point in the content of mollies: at home, they live where the river water mixes with the sea water, and therefore they like hard water. If you only have mollies and placilia in your indoor pond, you can even add some salt to the water on purpose.

If other fish also live with them, then of course you should not do this. But in the case of illness or quarantine, the fish can be deposited in an aquarium with salted water – so it will come back to normal faster.

The name “molliesia” originated from the genus name – Mollienesia. The natural range of these fish is fresh and slightly saline waters of Central America.

Wide mop mollies live mainly in reservoirs with standing waters or small currents in southeastern North America. The natural color of these fish is very colorful, mostly dominated by yellow-gray and spotted species.

For the first time these fish appeared in Europe more than 150 years ago, it was the spotted mollies that became the favorites of aquarists. Then, the popularity of the hybrid form, which acquired the name black mollies, gained popularity.

Black mollies were obtained as a result of breeding in the United States, and in the early forties of the last century they were bred in the territory of the Soviet Union.

In the sixties, it became fashionable to keep other mollies – the lira mollies. Which, in turn, were also bred by selection, as well as fish with a short disk-like body.

At first glance, domesticated mollies resemble swordtails. But mollies have wider tail fins and more dorsal fins. The females of these fish are slightly larger than the males.

With good care and favorable conditions, females grow up to 8 cm, and males up to 6 cm. Wild representatives of this species are one and a half times larger.

In addition, the fish living in the wild have a somewhat oblong and more rounded body, they are somewhat reminiscent of the placium.

Even an inexperienced eye can distinguish females and males; the males have a long process at the anal fin – gonopodiums.

MOLLINESIA

Mollies are viviparous fishes, they are loved for a magnificent and bright color. For example, in sailing fish of this species of extraordinary beauty, a gray body with an olive sheen, on which, like a brush, transverse stripes and nacre specks form dark points.

Aquarium species of mollies are the result of the cultivation of North American species, or their selection. Despite a number of differences, all the fish have common qualities.

  1. Females of all types of mollies are an order of magnitude larger than males: for example, Velifer’s mollies reach 18 cm in length, female Latipeny 12 cm, sphenops 8 cm. Sexual dimorphism is expressed: except for the difference in body size, the anal fin of a male cone-shaped (genopod) in females it is fan-like. All the mollies females are viviparous fishes that bear fry, bringing them to the light ready for full-fledged life activity.
  2. Pet shops sell different sphenops and latexes, how many of them are actually bred – only experienced ichthyologists know. Black mollies are common. Sometimes among their brood there are other forms — spotty, with light scales, or blue-green skin. New species – fork mollies, which has a “carved” tail fin, elongated in the upper and lower parts; scarf molly, in which the dorsal fin is long and elongated.

Mollies are considered one of the most beautiful fish, so they are welcome pets for many aquarists. They get along well with the swordtails.

Though the mechs differ in their rather restless nature, they drive very rarely in the plazus.

Only now, if there are no females of the Swordtail in the flock, the “guys” will try to molest Molly, but, as you understand, to no avail. Also note that in close quarters “battles for territory” can begin, so the fish should have a lot of space.

Compatibilitys Mollies with guppies are almost perfect. Both species belong to viviparous, live in warm brackish water, like sunlight and dense vegetation.

If breeding is also included in your plans, then before giving birth to the fish, you should be separated from each other, and after the appearance of the offspring, you should also remove females, as they sometimes are not averse to eat their own fry.

In general, mollies can be contained along with:

  • All kinds of petsilium and catfish,
  • Iridescents,
  • Tetras
  • Gourami
  • Labeo.

Telescope – goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18-25 C.

Ph: 5.0-8.0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (danios, terntion, catfish speckled, neons, etc.)

Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the “Golden Fish” nibbled and left a lot of “Kakul”.

So, this is not true. He himself repeatedly wound up such fish … there is no dirt – I spend an easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks.

So, do not be scared of sellers tales. Fish look very nice in the aquarium.

And for greater purity and control of “kakulyami”, bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmus cules) and other aquarium orderlies.

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation – do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.

Description:

The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape.

Fish size up to 12cm.

The body is ovoid, the fins are long, anal and caudal forked.

There are two types of telescopes:

– Scaleless: one-colored and pied print;

The color of the telescope is variable: red, orange, calico, black.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding – the key to success is the balance of the feed.

The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.

For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish – barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 18-25 ° C, aquarium water hardness 6-18 o, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants.

Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish.

Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of non-eaten food should be removed. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied.

This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Photo fish telescope


Interesting video about telescopes

Sword-bearer of aquarium fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review

Swordsmen know everything, even those who have never encountered the aquarium world. The Sword bearers gained such fame due to their wide distribution (one can say that they were part of the set of every young aquarist of the former USSR), as well as thanks to a special sign – the tail fin in the form of a sword.

Actually, it was for this tail that the Swordtails got their name.

Homeland Sword – Central America (South Mexico and Guatemala). They live in reservoirs with stagnant and slowly running water, thickly overgrown with various aquatic plants.

Swordtails (Xiphophorus helleri) belong to the family of fish. Xiphophorus helleri is translated from Greek as “xiphos” – the sword, “phoros” – carry.

The prefix “Helleri” was assigned to the sword bearers by the name of the German naturalist Karl Bartholomeus Heller, who first caught these fish in the Mexican lakes and successfully transported to Europe.

In 1848, these fish were first described by Dr. Johann Jacob Heckel – preparator of the Museum of Natural Sciences at the Imperial Natural History Study of the Museum of Natural Sciences in Vienna.

The body of the fish is elongated and compressed from the sides. The swordtail’s mouth is turned up and adapted for taking food from the surface of the water.

Fish can reach a size of 10 cm (without a sword). Females are somewhat larger than males; they are similar in shape to all other petilium.

In addition to the presence of a “sword” on the lower edge of the caudal fin, the male has gonopodia, an anal fin transformed into the sexual organ.

Scientific classification

swordtails swordtails:

Latin name:

Class: Ray fish

Squad: Kartozuby.

Family: Pecilia.

Conditions in the aquarium:

Water temperature: 22 – 26 ° C.

(tolerates a temporary decrease in temperature up to 15 ° С)

Ph acidity: 7.0 – 7.5.

Stiffness dH: 6-20 °

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%

The complexity of the content: easy

Swordtails are not aggressive. They are compatible with almost all small peaceful fish. Among the best neighbors are tetras, minors, terntions, danios, all fish, etc.

They are compatible with almost all bottom fish: corridors, akantoftalmusy, platidorus, antsistrusy, bag-tailed catfish, etc. They get along well with peaceful and not large cichlids, for example, with scalars.

Sword-bearers are not compatible with aggressive and large fish that will hunt them, for example with cichlids (Akara, astronotus, diamond chichasomes, etc.). In addition, it is not recommended to push them to the “veil” fish, because they are slow and swordtails can “pinch” them for fluttering fins.

Males of the Sword show some intolerance and aggression towards each other. Cases of males fights were noted up to causing lethal damage to each other.

Therefore, in one aquarium should contain only one male, or several at once (but not a couple!), Plus the same or more females. In this case, the intraspecific aggressiveness of the fish is markedly reduced.

There are a lot of local conflicts in this case, but their heat is relatively low, and the absolute winner, who would then no longer give anyone a pass, would not be revealed. See article compatibility of aquarium fish.

Life swordtails, by the aquarium standards, medium-long. With good conditions, they can live up to 5 years.

Find out how much other fish live HERE!

Many novice aquarists contain swordtails in small aquariums. However, this is not entirely correct.

In fact, the swordtails – it is quite large fish. And taking into account the fact that it is recommended to hold swordsmen in proportion 1 male / 2 or more females, the minimum size of an aquarium for them should be from 50 liters per harem family.

Aquarium for the Sword should be wide.

About how much you can keep fish in X liters of aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for the care and conditions of the swordtails

The Swordtails do not need any special conditions. In fact, the observance of optimal parameters of aquarium water is the key to their well-being. However, do not forget that:

1. Swordtails necessarily need aeration and filtration, a weekly replacement of up to 1/4 of the volume of aquarium water. It is worth noting that these fish do not need a lot of oxygen, and too frequent change (replacement) of aquarium water is not so useful for them as for other types of aquarium fish.

Therefore, if you change the water less often, for example, once every 14 days, and not at 7, nothing terrible will happen.

2. The aquarium must be covered with a lid, because the fish are nimble, can jump out and die.

3. Like many fish, swordtails feel comfortable among the living vegetation. As aquarian plants for them are recommended to use valisneria, echinodorus, cryptocoryne, riccia, duckweed and other plants.

Creating thickets of plants imitates the natural habitat of fish.

4. At registration of an aquarium it is necessary to organize in it an open space for swimming. Swordtails are excellent swimmers.

Shelters of the Sword are absolutely not needed.

Swordtails unpretentious in food, they are omnivorous and prone to overeating. With pleasure they eat dry and sublimated feeds: flakes, granules, chips. They love live and frozen food (bloodworm, artemia, daphnia, etc.).

The food is taken by fish in all layers of aquarium water. Remaining on the surface and fallen to the bottom of the feed also will not remain without attention.

In the diet of the Swordsmen must include vegetable food: flakes or granules with spirulina, special algal tablets. In addition, they willingly eat algae from the walls of the aquarium, plants and decor.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

The natural natural color of the swordtails is gray-green. However, as a result of selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred.

Unpretentiousness in breeding and the difficulty of crossing led to the presence today more than two dozen of the accepted types of swordtails. Here are some of the most popular:

Bulgarian white swordtails;

High Swordsman;

Mountain Sword;

Green Sword;

Red-speckled tiger swordtails;

Red Sword;

Lemon Sword;

Lyre-tailed Sword;

The sword-bearer of Hell;

Rainbow Swordsmen;

Calico Swordsman;

Black Swordsman;

All kinds of swordtails with photos HERE.

Swordtails are very resistant fish and can tolerate harsh conditions of detention. However, like all living things, such excellent health does not last forever.

The key to successful maintenance of fish is to ensure optimal conditions for aquarium water.

Swordtails are prone to all typical diseases of aquarium fish and there are no nuances in their treatment.

For proper and correct treatment of swordtails, it is necessary to diagnose the disease, and then apply the necessary procedures.

This will help you Treatment and diseases of aquarium fish and sections of the site: DISEASES OF FISH are contagious, DISEASES of FISH are not infectious, AKVA. MEDICINE.


Swordtails Recommended

Viviparous aquarium fish. Guide to keeping and breeding

Livebreeding Fishes Author: Peter W. Scott Languages: Russian Publisher: Phoenix

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Piranhas (Pygocentrus) – types, description, content, breeding

Piranhas (Pygocentrus) Muller Troschel, 1844 Piranha from Guarani means “evil fish.” Detachment: Characteristic (Characiformes).Family: Characteristic ...