maintenance, care, compatibility
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care.
This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels.
In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S.
Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female “fidgets” back and forth, while the male pulls out the gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus.
If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry – they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time.
Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The sizes of fish are mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm.
However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones – pointed.
The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored.
All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.
The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color.
There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water.
If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.
The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth.
Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed.
This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food.
Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately.
Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
Only 50 years ago we had Siamese cockerels. Some of their picky character attracts, others scare away, but no one will argue with the beauty and grace of these fish.
Rooster aquarium fish – features of maintenance and care
Males do not need bulk containers. Fry and spawning feel wonderful in a 2-liter jar; it is desirable for an adult to have at least 4 liters of water at its disposal. If there are several cockerels in one aquarium, make sure that there is only one male among them, otherwise aggressive games cannot be avoided.
Not very well, they get along with swordtails, barbs, danios. Females are calmer, so there should be no conflicts.
Compatibility test will be passed with neon iris, otsinklyus, minors, patsiliya, befoorty, tarakatuma.
The optimal water temperature for cockerels is 18-25 degrees. Increased temperature improves the metabolism of all fish, respectively, the duration of their life is reduced. Lowering the temperature to 14 degrees will put your pet in hibernation.
A bully can sink to the bottom and burrow into the ground. From this state, he will leave as soon as the temperature regime is normalized.
This aquarium representative is very unpretentious to the quality of water. The recommended hardness is 4-15, acidity is 6-7.5.
The presence of a filter and aeration is a minor matter. If the rooster has neighbors, you cannot do without a filter.
In addition to saturation of air with oxygen, mixing of different layers of water occurs, thus the temperature will be the same both in the upper part and in the lower part.
Natural vegetation is welcome. She will saturate the liquid with oxygen, will not be able to damage the fish while she swims.
The sharp edges of artificial green often damage the fins or the animal’s body itself. In a pinch, buy silk plants at the pet store.
Replacement of water should be carried out once a week for small aquariums and once every two weeks for overall tanks with partial replacement of water every 3-4 days. Every time you completely replace the fluid, remember to clean the walls and corners of the aquarium from the coating, use a siphon. Before you pour new water, heat it to 20-22 degrees.
For aquatic inhabitants, soft water is better suited, but not distilled.
Proper care for cockerel fish includes a varied diet: suitable for dry, live and frozen. As a live, let’s pet Artemia, earthworms, pipe makers, bloodworms.
Granulated food does not “dilute dirt” so much in an aquarium. Frozen food is represented by bloodworms, artemia, daphnia, rotifers. Individuals of this breed can eat small snails, ampulyary will be left without antennae.
These fish should be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day.
As you can see, the cock is picky, the conditions of detention are very simple. Enjoy the beauty of these fish in your tank!
If you have been to the market, you probably have seen how these fish are often sold in tiny banks. On the one hand, it speaks about unpretentiousness in maintenance and care, but on the other hand it is a bad example.
On how to choose the right aquarium for the cock you can read the link, there is nothing complicated there. It dwells in all layers of water, but prefers the upper ones. It is very simple to keep it, for one fish, 15-20 liters will be enough, although this is a minimal amount, it still needs care.
You should not keep it in a round aquarium, although it is a popular phenomenon. It is better to have a rooster in an aquarium of 30 liters, with a heater and always covered, as they can jump out.
If you do not contain one, but other fish, you need an even more spacious aquarium, with shelters for the female, preferably with dimmed light and floating plants. From regular care, it is imperative to change the water, about 25% of the volume per week, since the accumulated decay products will primarily affect the state of the fins.
As for the filter, it does not hurt, but oxygen (aeration) is not needed, it breathes from the surface of the water.
As for water parameters, they can be very different, only temperature is crucial, since it is a tropical species. In general, it is recommended: temperature 24-29C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 – 35 dGH.
Cockerel fish – handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
The cockerel is also called his fighting fish, and this characteristic was deservedly received. Juicy causing coloring and cocky temper make this aquarian inhabitant a no less pugnacious bird – a fighting cock.
If two fishes – males – have to divide one territory, the fight will not be avoided. Each of them will strive to prove his superiority to the opponent.
Sometimes you have to really separate the fish, otherwise only rags will remain from the air tails and fins!
Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters.
The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees. Optimum hardness – 4.0-15.0, acidity – 6.0-7.5.
3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.
Preferred last species – daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed. With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia.
It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.
How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes.
However, do not focus only on these signs. With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size.
And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests.
The male builds his house from the air.
A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels – males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter
Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body. After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest.
The female lays 200-300 eggs. A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food.
The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.
LALIUS CONTENTS SPARE PHOTO VIDEO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them.
You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores? In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses.
You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary “dwelling” for fry.
If aquarium cockerels live in a common tank with a partition – this is a big advantage. Fish probably already accustomed to each other, and not averse to producing offspring.
Males perfectly spawn at a young age. If you do not have a pair of cockerels, buy a pair from your experienced razvodchika, but do not run the fish immediately. We need quarantine, time for the fish to get used to the new environment – it will take several months.
The male and female cockerel should be the same size. If the pair does not converge, you will have to abandon the venture, or buy another copy.
Look at the breeding of Siamese fighting fish.
Male males are ready to spawn at the age of one year. If the aquarium conditions are favorable for their health, the fish will “wake up” and will want to spawn.
It is necessary that the female and the male are accustomed to each other, then they can create a pair. Breeding should be scheduled for a period of time when you have plenty of free time to look after your pets.
You can choose a summer vacation, when nothing will limit you.
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating.
Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss. Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers.
But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them.
If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign. Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick.
If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment.
In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins.
Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing.
On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”?
They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
The aquarium fish fighting cockerel needs full care and in proper conditions of detention. If these rules are not followed, the fish may become ill, with negative consequences.
Diseases are easily transmitted to other fish that live in the same aquarium with a rooster, even if it is divided into two halves by a partition. The treatment is simplified if she initially lives in a separate tank.
If you observe: changes in the appearance, behavior and physiology of pets, it may be the symptoms of their disease.
- Symptoms of the disease appeared quickly, suddenly, and they showed up in other fish? Then the reason is as aquarium water. What to do: make measurements of water parameters using a water thermometer, litmus paper, pH value. Learn indicators of ammonia, nitrates and nitrites, temperature, CO2, oxygen. Be sure to change the water to fresh and clean.
- If symptoms of the disease appear in all fish, or in fish of the same species, it means that their organism is susceptible to infection. What to do: transplant diseased fish to a quarantine tank, do an inspection, diagnose all the symptoms, establish a diagnosis. Then you can treat.
Fin rot (Latin name: Aeromonas, Pseudomonas, Vibrio)
A terrible disease of the fish, which may be exposed to cockerels. Their fins are affected by pathogenic bacteria that completely destroy the structure of the fin.
Symptoms of the disease: clouding of the fins, their sticking, the appearance of a white border, ulcers at the base of the fins, the cornea of the eyes may dim.
The main cause of the disease is improper care of the reservoir. A cockerel fish can get sick if:
- Aquarium for fish overpopulated;
- Water changes are rare or absent;
- Residues of the feed are not removed from the ground; the bottom siphon is not produced;
- The filter is bad or dirty;
- The new neighbors of the rooster did not stay in quarantine, or the roosters were placed in an aquarium with sick fish.
See how to treat fin rot.
Even in an ideal, at first glance, aquarium, cockerel fish can get sick. Fin rot is an infectious disease that exists almost everywhere, and it develops rapidly in a favorable environment.
Treatment of fish is permissible with the use of anti-fungal and anti-bacterial drugs, which allow in a few days to limit the growth of bacteria, after which the fish can be fully treated. Preparations for treating fin rot in males: malachite green, Sera Baktopur, streptocid 1.5 g per 10 liters of water (baths), Tetra GeneralTonic (Tetra), Antipar, Fiosept, Tripaflavin.
Can be used for the treatment of salt baths: for cockerel 7-10 grams of salt per 1 liter of water. They can be arranged 30 minutes a day.
All preparations for fish should be used according to the instructions for use.
Oodinum flagellum – the causative agent of the disease. The reasons for their spread are cool water, new neighbors untreated in quarantine, poor aquarium cleaning. When a fish is sick, gray or golden nodules form on the edges of its fins.
Then the scales exfoliate, the fins stick together. Sick fish does not breathe, does not eat, moves in jerks, rubs against the bottom.
The cockerel fish along with other fish should be treated in a quarantine tank, with heated water temperatures. They are treated with drugs Sera oodinopur, JBL Oodinol, Tetra Medika General Tonic, Ichthiophore, Formed or Antipar according to the instructions.
Also replace the water for small fish with clean, process all decorations and plants.
See also: Aquarium species of cockerels, Compatibility of cockerels with other fish and inhabitants of the aquarium.