maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium for beginners: care, content, useful video
The motivation for writing this article was the frequent appeal of newcomers to aquarism at FORUM FanFishka.ru. Almost every day, newly minted owners of the aquarium world ask their questions to which they either do not know the answers, or need advice, or have problems after the first launch of the aquarium.
All who asked for help on the forum, did not go unheeded! Even if the newcomer had gross or absurd mistakes, I never scolded him, and tried to explain what was what planned.
But, at some stage, I realized that I would not be enough for everyone and that I needed methodological material for beginners!
Looking at the already written materials from the site FanFishka.ru, I saw a sufficient number of articles – “about the first steps into the aquarium kingdom”. But, all of them were scattered and only mutually complementary.
After analyzing further similar materials on the Internet, my desire to write a decent, systematic material, only intensified!
For constructive conversation, let’s break down the article into sections:
1. AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS: arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems.
2. FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS: what are the issues that are necessary, problems.
3. NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM: rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium.
AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS
arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems
To create an aquarium world, you need not only the aquarium itself, but also related products. Many beginners make the mistake of buying only the minimum part of the necessary equipment.
And then they begin to run in a hurry in search of a product.
Remember, as Captain Vrungel said: “How do you call a ship, so it will sail.” The first launch of the aquarium should be perfect – and this will be the key to the joy and pleasure from aquarium contemplation, eliminates possible problems and difficulties, and most importantly will give you invaluable experience.
In the future, you can miss something, lazy … but not now!
Below are links to articles in this section, in bold, priority articles are highlighted:
Running Aquarium from A to Z
An example of an aquarium design 100 liters
Which aquarium is better
WHAT NEED TO AQUARIUM
I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first aquarium.
AQUARIUM BEGINNING: the basics of the aquarium, the basics of aquarium
FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!
INVENTORY FOR AQUARIUM AND DEVICES
BOTTOM and GROUND of the AQUARIUM
CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?
Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium
Seashells in the aquarium
SMALL AQUARIUM merits and demerits!
LACK OF THE AQUARIUM, but are these fish really necessary?
AQUARIUM FOR CHILDREN
Other questions on the forum …
Here’s another, for convenience, as a reminder – I give a list of what ponabitsya for a novice aquarist:
– lighting, if not included;
– aquatic organisms: fish, plants, mollusks, etc .;
– food for prospective fish;
– inventory: net, siphon, aquarium silicone, sponges, buckets. Secondary – hoses, valves, windshield wipers, other;
Plus, I recommend to all beginners to buy immediately a means to stabilize the aquarium water. It is called the water stabilizer. Different brands have different names, here are some of them: Tetra Aqua Safe, Sera aquatan, Sera bio nitrivec … others.
Read about them here AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
The above articles fully disclose all the nuances of buying, installing and running an aquarium. Below are the blitz answers to the most frequent questions of novice aquarists.
one. Question: Is it possible to put the aquarium on the furniture? In the kitchen?
Bath and so on?
Answer: Can. It is important that the surface of the furniture was solid and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water, soil and decorations.
The aquarium can be placed anywhere, as long as direct sunlight does not fall on it. Cooking, bathing does not interfere with the life of the fish.
2 Question: After the launch of the aquarium, the water turned cloudy – became whitish!?
Answer: Nothing wrong with that. When you first fill the aquarium with water for the first time, the reservoir’s biobalance is not yet tuned, because This is a long process. Primary adaptation processes of aquarium water occur.
The whiteness of the water will pass itself in 3-7 days.
3 Question: What kind of water to pour into the aquarium? How often should it be changed?
Answer: It is necessary to fill in at least a day separated water. Otherwise, you can run into trouble, for example, gas embolus.
Yes … you can fill the aquarium with tap water – but, counting on it at random.
The substitution of aquarium water is purely individual and depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish and plants, and other factors. In general, it is customary to replace water once a week.
But, as the poll on our site shows, this is not a dogma.
“How often do you change aquarium water to fresh water?”
four. Question: Is it possible to decorate an aquarium with statuettes, shells, beads, etc.
Answer: Can. But, you must make sure that the material from which the decor is made is not soluble in water.
The same shells undergo a gradual dissolution in aquarium water, which increases, albeit slightly, the rigidity of aquarium water. Painted, plastic items are best not to use.
Metal – are prohibited.
FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS
what is necessary, issues issues
Giving advice on choosing fish for a novice aquarist, you can immediately get rid of him with the phrase: “Choose unpretentious in the content, small fish, for example, from the family of petsilievi – guppies, swordtails, radishes, etc.”.
But who thought it up that it is impossible to immediately start large, beautiful fish – the same tsikhlazom: severum, diamond or black-striped? If you properly care for them, then there will be no problems.
And if you do not follow the aquarium and let everything go to chance, then the guppies will die in a week.
Perhaps the main qualification when choosing aquarium fish are your abilities and desires.
The opposite situation is with aquarium plants. It’s not so simple. The success of plant maintenance is LIGHT + SUPPLY + CO2.
Their deficiency leads to the death or poor health of plants.
Unfortunately, in the aquarium covers that come with, as a rule, there are 15-18 watt light bulbs, the power of which is insufficient for the normal existence of aquarium plants. Therefore, before you start a plant you need to study everything and prepare in advance.
The initial way out of this situation may be unpretentious, resistant aquarium plants that are not pretentious to the conditions of detention.
Below are the articles that fully and comprehensively disclose this section.
Aquarium Fish Compatibility
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
ALL about AQUARIUM FISHES
TOP: The most beautiful aquarium fish and fish!
The most unpretentious little aquarium fish
WHAT FISHES LIVE WITHOUT OXYGEN
What fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?
AQUARIUM FISHING OF ALL FLOWERS
Purchasing Transplant Fish Transportation
AQUARIUM PLANTS: let’s talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium!
CO2 for aquarium
The benefits and dangers of CO2 in an aquarium
Why in the aquarium …
YOU CAN AQUARIUM: all the answers
Fish and snails: enemies or friends!
How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!
How much can the fish in the aquarium
Perhaps the most important thing when choosing fish is to take into account their compatibility and the volume of “living space”. Do not chase the quantity!
Frequently asked questions by novice aquarists in this section:
one. Question: Did the fishes get covered with white dots, bumps?
Answer: This is ichthyophthiriosis or “semolina” fish. It is treated with Tetra Contral or Sera Kostapur. Read more here:
Ichthyotiria how to treat semolina in aquarium fish
Discussion on the forum
2 Question: Fish die, why, what to do?
Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!
The first symptoms of fish disease
WHAT TO DO IF FISHES ARE DISEASE OR SUSTAINABLE
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM
rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium
DON’T BELIEVE SELLERS.
Unfortunately, they have such a job – to smell you as much as possible. Often the sellers’ advice is wrong and aimed only at one greedy enrichment at your expense.
READ, LEARN, ASK QUESTIONS.
Actually this rule follows from the previous one – it is your weapon in the fight against lies. Your own opinion based on what you read is the key to success not only in aquarism.
Read several materials on the topic of interest, for comparison and analysis.
DO NOT HURRY, AND THEN SUCCEED.
Do not rush, do everything thoroughly. It is impossible to get ahead of time – everything that was done in a hurry will collapse soon.
DO NOT OVERDO IT.
Feed the fish once a day, “do not rub” the aquarium daily, do not fill the aquarium with fish and plants. In fact: aeration, filtration, normal water temperature and feed – these are the basic living conditions of the fish.
STUDY AND USE AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
This will give you the opportunity to quickly adjust the bio balance of the aquarium, to keep it clean, and in the case of illness of pets – to take action on time.
BONUS: VIDEO FOR BEGINNERS AQUARIUS
Cockerel fish – handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
GLASSED CONTENTS CONTENTS DESCRIPTION REPLENISHMENT PHOTO COMPATIBILITY.
WHITE-TAPE AGAMIKSIS CONTENT REPLACEMENT COMPATIBILITY PHOTO.
BARRIER SOM: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, PHOTO, DESCRIPTION.
LORICARIA: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO, DESCRIPTION.
KALLIHTIS OR AQUARIUM SOM KALIHT CONTENTS BREEDING PHOTOS.
DIANEMA LONGIBARBIS CONTENTS DIVISION COMPATIBILITY PHOTO DESCRIPTION.
BROCHIS OR GREEN SOMIK CONTENT REPRODUCTION DESCRIPTION PHOTOS.
AMBLIDORAS OF HANKOK OR BEDROOM SOMIK-AQUORIUM FISH.
Telescope – aquarium fish. The most remarkable part of it is the eyes.
They are quite large, prominent on the sides, bulging. Sometimes, when they first hear the name of the breed of these fish, people ask again: “What is the name of the aquarium fish? Telescope? ”Yes, such an unusual name.
His fish got it because of the shape of the eyes. It is surprising that with such a huge organ of view the fish see very poorly.
And this leads to some restrictions regarding the content of telescopes.
Telescope – aquarium fish with unusually large eyes. Her body has an ovate or rounded shape, like a voiletail.
Actually, these two types distinguish only the eyes. In all other respects, they are quite similar.
Their bodies are wide and short, and their heads are large with huge eyes and large fins.
Currently, telescopes are found in a variety of colors and forms, with veil fin. The most popular aquarium fish is a black telescope.
It is most often sold in all pet stores, as well as in the markets, but over time it may well change color.
Telescopes grow big enough. Sometimes up to twenty centimeters.
The life span of a fish is from ten to fifteen years. There have been cases when they lived in ponds for more than twenty years. Fish sizes vary greatly depending on their species, as well as habitat conditions.
But less than ten centimeters they are not.
All goldfish, including telescopes, can live at sufficiently low temperatures. However, for beginners aquarists telescope – not the best kind of content.
And the reason for this are the eyes of the fish. Telescopes have very poor eyesight, so it’s harder for them to find food.
They are often injured and put an infection in the eyes.
But with all this, telescopes are very undemanding and unpretentious to the living conditions. They feel equally good both in the pond and in the aquarium.
A telescope is an aquarium fish, the compatibility of which with other inhabitants must be taken into account. Since they see very poorly and are extremely slow, more active individuals can take food from them and leave them hungry.
That is why it should be wisely pick them neighbors.
Many people contain goldfish and telescopes in round aquariums, one at a time and without plants. Of course, they are able to dwell there, but round vessels do not suit them at all, they slow down their growth and impair vision.
LALIUS CONTENTS SPARE PHOTO VIDEO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.
Care and maintenance
Maintenance and care of catfish is not a difficult process. They are contained in normal aquarium conditions at a temperature 22-28 ° C . Hardness of water 6-12. Acidity is neutral.
If you have the acidity will deviate a little in one direction or another, there is nothing terrible. But it is very important that the water was not salty.
To the oxygen regime, most species are not whimsical because the catfish has skin breathing or the ability to breathe atmospheric air.
The process of breathing consists in ascent of catfish to the surface, intake of air and submersion to the bottom until the air is completely exhausted. Soil does not matter.
In order for your catfish to be comfortable you need to equip an aquarium for him. Since the catfish is the bottom inhabitant of the aquarium, you need to make some kind of shelter for it.
It can be made of stone, different types of snags, it can be artificial houses, castles and plants. As for living plants, it is necessary to look at a specific species of catfish, since many of them are herbivorous and the plant can live with you for a very short time.
But still, if you want to plant plants in an aquarium, and you have herbivorous catfish, you need to choose plants that are large and have a well-developed root system. It is very important to make a territory for catfish and put snag.
Without such a shelter, the catfish will not be comfortable and the ego will shorten life significantly, and thanks to the coarse, the catfish will receive an important pulp of life.
Preparing for the purchase of aquarium catfish
Basically, somas are peaceful, do not climb into a fight with other aquarium fish, sometimes there are conflicts among themselves.
It happens that even a stronger catfish starts to drive the weak, and, alas, kills him.
But this is extremely rare. Compatibility of catfish with other fish depends on the type of catfish.
By peace-loving, herbivorous need to pick up non-aggressive neighbors. And to predators – larger fish that can stand up for themselves.
The process of breeding in catfish is quite simple, and if you only live in the aquarium of the fish of this species, you can not even put them in a separate aquarium. Otherwise, for spawning somikov better to allocate a container of clean water with a capacity of 30 to 50 liters. Usually 3-4 males are left for one female.
It is very desirable that in the place where the spawning takes place, there is a lot of algae and soft soil.
If you want to push your pets to breeding, you need to change the water temperature within 17-25 ° C for several days and aerate the aquarium. Spawning usually occurs early in the morning. When caviar is already set aside, you can leave the natural light or darken a little.
One week after spawning, the female will be ready for a new spawning. The fry develop quite quickly and almost immediately they can be fed with finely chopped bloodworms or “dust”.
Feeding catfish is very easy. They eat fish food, which lies at the bottom, thereby cleaning the bottom of the aquarium.
They eat almost everything: fish pieces, shrimp, pills, frozen food, flakes Well, since most catfishes are predators, they can eat small fish in the aquarium and take them as food.
Making a conclusion, we can say that catfish in an aquarium is a necessary fish. Unpretentious and does not require additional care, resistant to various diseases, and, well, very original and beautiful.
Having a catfish, your aquarium will always look unique, and you can always enjoy and enjoy the beauty of your pet.
In subsequent articles you can find the most necessary information about the maintenance of aquarium catfish, the types that interest you, a variety of aquarium catfish, feeding, care, as well as tables of compatibility of catfish with other inhabitants of the aquarium.
One can often hear from sellers of pet stores that small and large catfish purify the water in the aquarium and this is not necessary for the owner to do. Som-like, combing the soil at the bottom, really pick up all edible, partially cleaning the pollution.
By the way, this does not mean that the power of your pet should be allowed to drift.
It is also important to note that silted water is the habitat of these fish. But this also does not mean that it is possible not to clean the aquarium at all and only occasionally change the water.
Reinforced aeration of water is really not needed, and clean water and an aquarium are a guarantee of the health of your fish. If other fish also live in your house, they simply need cleanliness, and catfish will quickly get used to it and will not experience any inconvenience.
General information about catfish
All types of aquarium catfish, of which there are a huge number in nature, are surprisingly similar to each other in appearance. In aquariums alone, more than 1,200 thousand different waterfowl variations of this species live.
Otherwise, these fish are called sweepers, because they eat the remnants of half-eaten rotting food lying on the bottom.
And many amateurs acquire such “orderlies” precisely because of their accuracy. You can buy such curious items at any pet store.
These aquarium fish instead of scales have a plate cover consisting of bone tissue. This feature distinguishes them from other waterfowl.
Somics mostly live at the bottom of glass reservoirs and actively behave only at night. They feed on plant food, but sometimes they do not disdain to feast on the remnants “from the master’s bottom table.”
Catfish are very popular among aquarists, so the demand for them is very large. They buy shellflies for the reason that they: are peaceful enough; Feel great in water at a temperature of 18 ° + 25 ° C; adapted to hard water; feel confident with its average acidity with plus / minus deviations in different directions.
Nature has somik intestinal breathing. Looking out of the aquarium, they swallow air with their mouths, which are then processed into pure oxygen.
If the catfish often lingers at the surface of the water, then it is difficult for him to breathe. Medics of aquariums
SOMIK IS COLUMNED HALLWAY CONTENTS BREEDING SPREAD DESCRIPTION VIDEO PHOTO
PLATIDORAS CONTENTS DESCRIPTION BREEDING PHOTO COMPATIBILITY
PETERIGOPLIHT PARK CONTENTS REPLACEMENT DESCRIPTION PHOTO COMPATIBILITY
Angelfish care and maintenance spawning breeding description
These fishes liked many aquarist lovers for a long time. They contain and breed scalar fish in aquariums for a long time, so these fish managed to adapt and get used to any conditions.
What allows you to call them unpretentious fish. Scalyarium is suitable as soft water, and water with medium hardness.
The optimum temperature for a comfortable fish is 23-26 degrees Celsius. They can withstand the gradual cooling of water to 16 degrees.
If necessary, fish can and transfer the temperature rise to 38 degrees. Scalarfish grow large, especially males, and therefore for their favorable maintenance you will need an aquarium that will be high and in volume from 120 liters.
And the width of the aquarium can be any. These fish prefer fresh and clean water, so you will need to regularly change the water in the aquarium. Angelfish love when calm and peaceful fish in the neighborhood.
Not a single fish of prey can resist its long fins, an irresistible desire to bite and pull will appear.
Therefore, for these fish, the best neighbors will be guppies, gourami, neons. But you should follow the rules, hook the fish about the same size.
After all, an angelfish like any other large fish will be happy to eat fry of swordtails or neons.
These beautiful angelfish are usually kept in groups of 4-6 individuals. During the life of the fish themselves are divided into pairs.
In such groups, the principle of hierarchy prevails. The largest pair takes the best place in the aquarium. Those fish that were left without pairs become an object that everyone else is chasing.
The latest single scalar get access to feed. In order to avoid actively chasing groups in the aquarium, it should be planted abundantly with plants or even fish should be planted.
Fishes love to eat bloodworms, pipemakers, gamarus. Fry love to eat daphnia.
In the diet need to introduce granulated feed and flakes. You should take into account the fact that with such a discoid body shape, the angelfish is difficult to lift the food from the bottom, so the fish should be fed in small portions, in different parts of the aquarium.
Sometimes fish may refuse to feed, but this is temporary and completely normal. Content angelfish will require good aeration.
Scalyarius fish belonging to the family of cichlids. Their homeland is South America, its central part.
In reservoirs dense with plants, they acquired their form. Its name is translated as winged sheet.
She looks like a leaf. And in Europe she was given the name Angel Fish.
A flat body allows it to move easily among plants. Aquarium angelfish grow up to 15 cm in an ordinary aquarium.
If the goal of an aquarist is to grow only them, and all the necessary conditions are created for them, then their value can reach 26 cm.
How many live angelfish in an aquarium? Well, somewhere around 10 years, although there have been cases when this period was increased almost 2 times.
This allows the choice of the inhabitants of the aquarium to give her preference.
Because if the inhabitants of the aquarium do not live long, and you get used to them, then the death from old age of those who have a life span of just over 2 years very sad aquarist.
SPREAD OR BREEDING SCALARIES
if you want to get a baby angelfish, you need a ready to spawn couple. How to get it?
Consider that the scalars themselves choose their partner, so make sure that they have someone to choose from.
It is better to acquire several individuals fry and grow them. The number of individuals should be about six, and this is not a far-fetched figure.
Some fry may die in the process of growth, since the scalar is very sensitive to changes in water parameters; Another option is that the fry you grow may not grow to normal size, the reason for this is frequent intraspecific crossing.
You can choose a fry in a store or on the market as follows: keep an eye on the two biggest fry (these must be males), take them; choose the two smallest (most likely females), and take two fry at random, this time of medium size. This method of selection does not guarantee you one hundred percent success, but the chances of success are quite large.
You can say for sure that a pair has formed in you, when two fishes determine some territory for themselves and start protecting it from alien invasion.
The sexual maturities of the scalar reach ten to twelve months. If by this time both partners have reached approximately equal sizes and are large enough, you will be able to count on the pair’s spawning soon.
You may have some difficulties with determining the sex of your fish, but believe me, the fish will not have such problems, so let them choose their own partner – they will not be mistaken.
A tall aquarium of about 80-100 liters for an spawning angelfish pair is what you need. It is desirable to have plants, koryag, but we should not forget about the place in the center of the aquarium, which must be left free for swimming.
Scalarium eggs can be laid on the bottom, or on a wide flat leaf of a plant. Sometimes, not finding a convenient place for laying, the angelfish lay eggs on the filter and on the thermometer.
It is better that this does not happen, so it is possible that you yourself will put a flat stone (for example, slate) on the aquarium, on which the angelfish will lay eggs, after having cleaned it (note that these cichlids prefer to lay eggs on the top of the aquarium) . The day before the spawning of the female, the egg-deposit is visible, and the male has a narrow seed wire.
The female, when the time comes, lays its eggs on the chosen place in even rows, followed by the male, fertilizing the eggs. This action takes about an hour.
Spawning takes place in several stages. The total number of eggs ranges from 100 to 500, possibly more.
Caviar can do differently. If you have a separate aquarium specifically for the spawning angelfish pair – this is good.
Especially if it is large enough. If you plan to give parents their own care for caviar and fry, a couple and a brood of 200-250 fry should have plenty of room for swimming (and in a large aquarium, the couple will not have a sense of danger for the offspring, in a rush of which they can eat caviar and fry).
If you do not have the opportunity to deposit spawning angelfish from the common aquarium, it is better to take the delayed caviar from the pair. The potential danger posed to scalar parents by every fish in an aquarium, and even by a partner, will cause restless parents to eat offspring.
To avoid this, remove the plant or stone with caviar and place it in a special incubator, not forgetting caviar aeration, temperature inside the incubator, and general water parameters. It is recommended to add antifungal medication to the incubator so that non-fertilized eggs will not harm the fertilized ones.
The larvae hatch in about a day or two after fertilization, if the temperature is optimal. About a week from now, they feed on the shell of the egg they were in, so they do not need feeding.
Then dry, frozen food and substitutes will make up the diet of your growing fry.
MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character.
However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.