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Aquarium fish barbus

maintenance, care, compatibility

Barbusses, or barbs (lat. Barbus) – ray-finned fishes, belong to the family Karpovye. There are several dozens of species in the wild environment, the distribution area is Africa and Southeast Asia.

They can be described as small and mobile fish, with body size from 5 to 30 cm in length. Nowadays, aquarium fish barbs are common, which were caught in natural waters, or bred on fish farms.

There are also breeds of barbs, bred by breeding. Less common are large barbs.

All species have Weber apparatus, thanks to which the fish have a sharp ear. It is possible to breed them in captivity with great success.

Barbus-care breeding description photo compatibility video

BARBUS DESCRIPTION

Black Barbus – a common aquarium fish. It was first imported to Russia in 1954. Pethia nigrofasciatus is not large.

By its behavior, the shape of the body resembles the barb of Sumatran. Habitat Black barb is naturally found in Sri Lanka, most commonly found in tributaries of the Nival and Kelani rivers. They are distinguished by an abundance of vegetation, a weak current and cooler water than in other tropical waters.

Here it is sour and soft, and the bottom covers fine gravel or sand. Algae and detritus – the basis of the barb diet in nature.

Currently, the population of this fish has decreased significantly. This is due to the overfishing of the black barboo.withand for aquarists.

For a time, the species was considered endangered, but in recent years the population has increased slightly. Currently, it is prohibited to legally catch a black barb, therefore all individuals found on sale are artificially bred.

With the help of hybridization today, brighter, newer colors of black barb are being created.

CARE AND REPLENISHMENT

Water parameters. The temperature range for the Sumatrans is quite large – 23-26 ° C, they prefer soft and very clean water.

A good filter is a guarantee of the health of your pets.

Lighting. This fish has no special requirements for lighting, Sumatran barbus is generally distinguished by a rare unpretentiousness (what other underwater inhabitants are easy to maintain

Aeration. The sensitivity to the oxygen content in water of the Sumatran barb is extremely low. However, it is not necessary to bring the matter to the point when the fish will float on the surface head up, it is better to periodically replace some of the water,

if there is no forced aeration in the aquarium.

Barbs fishes: breeding

If there is a desire to start breeding barbs, then you need to start with the selection of the ideal breeding fish. They must be mature, healthy and without physical abnormalities.

Selected manufacturers should be in special conditions of detention. The list of these conditions begins with two main points – a spacious aquarium and high-quality food. For a decade before the breeding season, females and males are deposited separately and properly fed.

A spawning aquarium is absolutely not needed too large, as it will often need to change the water. Twenty-liter volume is enough.

In the mating season, fish emit a huge amount of sexual products. Males should be placed near females 2 hours before switching off the lighting for the night.

It often happens that in the morning you can already notice the results of spawning. It is difficult to see caviar, it is very small and transparent.

But you should try to see it, because when the eggs appear, the fish should immediately be deposited, otherwise they will simply eat their unborn offspring, having decided that this is food.

If it was not possible to make out, look closely at the behavior of potential parents, if the “date” was successful, the male and female lose interest in each other and are each engaged in their own affairs. It happens that the caviar is dead, this can be determined by the color change of the eggs.

After some time they will become white. From live roe the next day a larva will appear, which will attach to the walls of the aquarium or to the leaves of algae.

After waiting for the fry to swim, you can feed them.

BARBUS

This fish does not have a reputation for threatening an aquarium, however, short-term flashes of aggression still occur both in a flock of barbs and in bar’s relations with neighbors of other breeds. You must be prepared for the fact that quarrels between these creatures sometimes become so acute that the fish begin to destroy each other!

Veiltails, guppies, cockerels, scalars and telescopes are best to stay away from the barb in a bad mood, otherwise they may lose their voile tails and fins.

Do not expect anything good from the neighborhood brisk barbs and fearful passive lyalius. And the bullying astronotus bar is not a couple, because the fish will certainly want to measure themselves.

Of course, the barbs would not have refused to become the sole and full owners of the underwater territory, but if you plan to breed several types of fish in one aquarium, the World of Soviets recommends to add barley, parrots or mollies to barbs. Fish with a similar disposition and lifestyle will surely get along.

Rod barbus (Puntius) – one of the most common genera of aquarium fish. It is remarkable that its representatives are not capricious, have a bright and varied color, are very active and mobile.

Unpretentiousness attract the attention of novice aquarists.

Hailing barbs from the reservoirs of China, Africa, Southeast Asia. In the wild, fish of the genus Barbus live in flocks, and moreover very large ones. The maintenance of barbs does not represent special difficulties.

Chemical parameters of water (hardness, acidity) do not play a special role. Water barbs prefer the old, with the traditional replacement of 1/3.

Temperature range from 20 grams. Up to 26.

But the temperature is still desirable 23-26 gr.

The shape of the aquarium is chosen taking into account the fact that the barbs are very fast and fast-moving fish. Aquariums for barbs usually have an elongated, elongated shape, so that the frisky fish have a place to “gain acceleration”. The ground in such aquariums is usually dark, and the lighting is bright.

Such a contrast favorably emphasizes the coloring of barbs. Floating plants create extra space for fish “maneuver.”

Two mandatory conditions for the breeding and maintenance of barbs – powerful filtration and aeration of water. Also for the barbs you need to purchase a pump. The pump is needed to create a flow imitation.

Underwater currents are peculiar “toys” for barbs, fish love to frolic in the jets created by additional equipment.

In the aquarium barbs live in flocks (5-7 pcs.). They will please you with good care for 3-4 years. For all their friendliness and livability, the barbs are sometimes snooty.

They are particularly addicted to sluggish guppies with flowing tails.

The favorite occupation of the barbs is to sneak up on the tails of the tails and bite their fins. Magnificent fins annoy the barbs: occupy a lot of space in the already limited water space. It is possible that the modestly decorated barbs of nature are slightly envious of their overdressed counterparts.

Undemanding barbs are undemanding in everything, including food: they are omnivorous. With a food deficiency, barbs are happily reinforced by leaves of aquarium plants.

The average size of adult barbs is a maximum of 6-7 cm. The slightly flat yellow-silver body is decorated with dark vertical stripes.

The male has a bright red border around the edges of the dorsal, caudal, and anal fin.

Slightly less expressive, also in red (sometimes this color may be completely absent), the fins of the female are painted. In addition, the self-made barbus is significantly thicker than the male.

If we talk about breeding, it allowed aquarists to gain a wide range of color variations of this fish. For example, in a mutant barbus obtained in this way, the color of most of the body is emerald green.

Visiting pet stores and markets of Russian cities, you can most often meet the following types of barbus:

Barbed bar (otherwise, striped). The fish of this species is uncharacteristically large in size – it can reach 9 cm.

Her stripes are arranged horizontally, capturing the entire length of the body.

Barbus Everett. Remarkable are the inhabitants of the home pond for their non-standard color with black and blue specks over the entire area of ​​the body.

Oligolepis. This species is attractive pearl scales and red fins with dark edging.

In addition, depending on the angle of incidence of lighting, the color of the fish changes.

Five-bar. The name of the fish itself indicates its difference – this aquatic inhabitant has five transverse bands on the body.

Green barb. Like a lined representative of a species, it has a large size (up to 10 cm) and its body has a corresponding color.

Ruby fish barbus. The unique ruby ​​color of the pet, acquired by him during the mating games, is his main distinguishing feature.


In the aquarist slang there is such a word as “barbusyatnik”, which means a fresh-water home aquarium, where mostly barbs live – small fish with various colors. It’s time to get to know them better.

Habitat of another species – green barbs – areas of East China. Their usual size is somewhat larger: about 9 cm.

Completely peaceful carps, they do not offend even floating fines. It is for this reason that the green “Chinese” are widely spread in the world aquarism.

There are several aquarium species and subspecies that differ in color and size, among which can be called cherry barbs, oligolepis, ruby, butterflies and others.

Barbus is a semi-predatory representative of the carp family, with a rather cocky disposition, which makes it difficult for him to choose his neighbors in the aquarium. He rarely behaves friendly with other residents of the home pond.

One of the favorite activities of this pet is to bite the tails and fin limbs of its neighbors. Because of its nature, a barb is never calm and serene.

He is constantly on the move, always in the center of fights.

Having the status of a semi-predator, a barb may well behave as a true predator, eating small fish, juveniles and fry. Therefore, it is unacceptable to keep babies with adults, as they always have the risk of becoming food and never turn into adult fish.

The average size of adult barbs is a maximum of 6-7 cm. The slightly flat yellow-silver body is decorated with dark vertical stripes.

The male has a bright red border around the edges of the dorsal, caudal, and anal fin.

Slightly less expressive, also in red (sometimes this color may be completely absent), the fins of the female are painted. In addition, the self-made barbus is significantly thicker than the male.

If we talk about breeding, it allowed aquarists to gain a wide range of color variations of this fish. For example, in a mutant barbus obtained in this way, the color of most of the body is emerald green.

Visiting pet stores and markets of Russian cities, you can most often meet the following types of barbus:

Barbed bar (otherwise, striped). The fish of this species is uncharacteristically large in size – it can reach 9 cm.

Her stripes are arranged horizontally, capturing the entire length of the body.

Barbus Everett. Remarkable are the inhabitants of the home pond for their non-standard color with black and blue specks over the entire area of ​​the body.

Oligolepis. This species is attractive pearl scales and red fins with dark edging.

In addition, depending on the angle of incidence of lighting, the color of the fish changes.

Five-bar. The name of the fish itself indicates its difference – this aquatic inhabitant has five transverse bands on the body.

Green barb. Like a lined representative of a species, it has a large size (up to 10 cm) and its body has a corresponding color.

Ruby fish barbus. The unique ruby ​​color of the pet, acquired by him during the mating games, is his main distinguishing feature.

Barbs, like any other movable pets domestic water bodies, like spacious large aquariums with many rationally planted plants.

To keep them you need a few flocks of up to ten individuals in a capacity of 50 liters. Dark soil is preferred, as the light background does not provide contrast for the bright color of the barb.

Water parameters in the aquarium should be close to the following characteristics:

  • temperature – 22-24 ° C;
  • stiffness close to neutral – 8-12 ph;
  • aeration and weak filtration are required;
  • water change in the tank at 10-20% weekly required.

Feeding these carp representatives is not particularly difficult. They are unpretentious in food, with the same pleasure they absorb both dry and live food:

  • flare;
  • daphnia;
  • bloodworm;
  • a pipemaker;
  • all sorts of granulated and flocculated mixtures.

With proper care, the barbs live up to five years, and their maturity occurs at the age of 6-7 months. However, males are distinguishable from females as early as 3-4 months – they have bright fins.

In order to get healthy offspring from their pets, it is necessary first and foremost a separate aquarium for 10-20 liters, where about a month before the reproduction process, young and active producers are removed.

This is especially true for females, because mature individuals either spawn badly or do not spawn at all. The temperature in this tank is kept moderate, and they are especially careful that the fish do not overeat.

Feed the fish during this period should be a one-time low-fat feed. Will fit:

A female prepared for spawning acquires a visible swelling behind the abdomen.

Considering the somewhat snooty nature of barbs having fun pulling off the tails and fins of other species of fish, it is contraindicated to settle with them in one reservoir voyalehvosty, cockerels, telescopes and slow, graceful scalar.

Barbs are absolutely incompatible with guppies and goldfish, especially since the latter are not representatives of tropical species, and therefore they need water at a completely different temperature.

It is not recommended to settle these small fishes with predators, for example, with cichlids, as in this case they will already be attacked.

The best neighborhood option for these representatives of carps is the confreres of other species, say, a five-lane barb with a ruby ​​or fiery one.

Good in this quality for barbs botsii and swordsmen.

In conclusion, I would like to note that when setting up semi-predatory and very mobile fish in a domestic pond, one should always keep in mind their temperament and select neighbors for them that they cannot harm and which are safe for them at the same time. Barbus just such fish.

They are mobile lives, but you should find the right approach to them.

Video about barbs, which tells about the rules of maintenance, care for fish and the most popular types:

Barbus of Sumatran: content, compatibility, photo-video review

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.

Ph: 6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.

Description of Barbus of Sumatran:

Inhabits the waters of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. (native of Sumatra) Sumatran barbus was first introduced to Europe in 1935, and to Russia – 1946.

Sumatran barbs – schooling, very mobile fish. The body of these barbs is high, strongly compressed from the sides.

No mustache. The general color is golden-pink, the back is darker with a red tint, the belly is yellowish-white. On the sides are four vertical black stripes.

The first passes through the eye, the second behind the pectoral fin, the third behind the dorsal fin and the last at the beginning of the caudal fin. The dorsal fin is black with a bright red border, the other fins are pink or red.

Females are larger than males with fuller belly.. The color of the males is brighter, the red color of the fins is more saturated.

It should be noted that in nature, Sumatran barb has a more faded color than its aquarium congener. In the aquarium, Sumatran barbs prefer to stay in flocks.

Mainly in the middle and lower layers of water. For the maintenance of these fish, it is desirable to have an aquarium densely planted with vegetation (from 50 l) with open swimming areas. The soil is better dark, otherwise the fish get a paler color.

A flock of Sumatran barbs in 5 – 10 or more individuals can be kept with other peaceful, but able to stand up for themselves fish. It is important to note that with a small content of 2 – 3 fish, these barbs can show strong aggression both to each other and to other inhabitants of the aquarium.

Sumatran barbs do not belong to predators, but if in the aquarium, where they are located, fry of some fish appear, they instantly grab the fry and swallow. At the same time the barbs will not calm down until they catch all the fry. The exceptions are sedentary and voile forms of fish, in which barbs can bite off the ends of the fins.

In addition, a flock of Sumatrans moving quickly through an aquarium can cause constant stress and discomfort among other less active inhabitants.

Sumatran barbs unpretentious, 21-23 ° C is favorable temperature, however, good filtration is required in the aquarium, regular water changes (1/4 of the volume once a week) and can be planted with any plants, but it is better to prefer small-leaved plants (cabomba, myriophyllum). If the aquarium does not have an air purge, it is advisable to replace part of the water with fresh water at the same temperature from time to time. Such a water change is very beneficial effect on the fish.

The fish are less sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water than others. If the fish nevertheless swims upside down at the surface, the water should be replaced immediately.

Sumatran barbs are omnivorous. and eagerly eat any live and artificial food. A feature of this species is the tendency to overeating (the cause of obesity and death of fish).

To avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the amount of feed and use the rule, it is better not to feed the fish. In addition, it is desirable to include vegetable feed in their diet, for example, lettuce leaves, nettle, dried seaweed, etc.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Under normal conditions of detention, especially after replacing part of the water, Sumatran barbs, gathering in a flock, swim briskly in the aquarium. Sometimes, huddled in the shaded corner of the aquarium, the barbus can be in the same position for hours with almost no movement.

In this case, the fish is kept in an inclined position, with his head down. This condition is normal for the fish and should not be disturbed. Males have a warlike character and sometimes in the presence of females, fluffing up their fins, enter into a fight with each other: they seek to grab each other by the jaws, push the side surface of the body or pinch the mouth.

Usually these fights do not lead to noticeable damage and end with the fact that the fish diverge and again peacefully swim in a flock.

Life expectancy in an aquarium is 4 to 5 years. Breeding becomes possible after the fish reaches the age of 5-9 months.

General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) – killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia.

Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other.

Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums.

Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water.

Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years.

Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character.

For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live – bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed.

For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters.

The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs.

You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium.

Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling.

The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day.

At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat.

At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up – small crustaceans.

Juveniles grow fast. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism.

With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.

Barbus do not belong to predators, but they can not be called very peaceful and friendly fish. They perceive the fry as food, so the youngsters cannot be kept in the aquarium with barbs.

It is not necessary to put in a single aquarium and fish with a veil-shaped fins – barbs love to pinch them. Angelfish also do not belong to those fish with whom the barbs live in harmony.

There is a difference in temperament.

The barbs are well-known teasers, they often arrange fights inside their pack. Therefore, experts do not recommend keeping numerous groups of these fish in an aquarium.

They fight with fish of other breeds. Then with whom can you keep in the same aquarium?

It will be better if you choose just several types of barbs, for example, fiery with cherry and barbus striped. If you still want to put in the aquarium and fish of other breeds, the most suitable for this are swordtails, fighters, clown fish, labo, gourami and petilia.

In nature, this species of fish is found in Africa and South Asia. Aquarium fish barbs are very mobile and, as a rule, small in size (4-6 cm). The fish are quite unpretentious.

The answer to the question of how many barbs live depends on your attitude towards them – with good care, the fish can live up to 5 years. Now consider in more detail a few important points of care for these fish.

Aquarium fish barbs quite snooty and calm neighbors simply can not move their temperament. The best option is to combine several different types of barbs.

Quite successful will be the neighborhood with the swordtails, gourami, patsilii, clown fish.

If you put in a fish tank with long fins or mustache, they can not live in peace. Guppies, Petushki or Goldfish will, in time, become a bit “frazzled,” since barbs like to occasionally bite their neighbors.

There are so many species of these wonderful and active fish. Consider some of the most interesting and rare of them:

  1. Green barb. This is quite a large species in natural conditions, but in an aquarium it does not reach more than 9 cm. Fairly peaceful fish. If the neighbors are the same size as them, it is easy to get along even with calm inhabitants.
  2. Barbus oligolepis. Very small size (about 5 cm). The fish has a beautiful and unusual pearl-colored scales and shimmers with all the colors of the rainbow. The fishes have beautiful bright red fins with dark edging.
  3. Shark Barbus. It is this species that is very difficult to breed in an aquarium even for experienced specialists. Usually the fish reaches a fairly large size, because the aquarium for it needs a volume of about 200 liters. For her, you can hook up only predatory and fairly large neighbors.
  4. Cherry barb. Very small view, one of the most peaceful and unobtrusive. Fully get along with other peaceful neighbors, live in small flocks. This species lacks cannibalism, fry develop fairly quickly and evenly.
  5. Barbus filamentosus. It is considered a civilian aquarium. Group reproduction, which requires a large enough spawn. The vegetation in the aquarium never touches.

Even if you are very carefully caring for an aquarium and fish, you will most likely not be able to avoid diseases. Most often it is the wrong care or carelessness of the owner leads to the onset of the disease barb.

The most common in these fish is rubella. The source of infection is sick fish and their excretions.

This can happen if you have poorly disinfected your aquarium maintenance inventory. Red spots or inflammations appear on the body of the fish, there are cases of open ulcers or abdominal dropsy.

The fish becomes lethargic, rises to the surface of the water. If a fish is ill, it becomes immune, but it can remain a source of infection.

Often barbs are ill with whites. When the disease is disturbed organs of balance and coordination, the skin is affected. The source of infection is the same as in the first case.

In this case, fish can be treated with bleach, and the aquarium itself should be treated with disinfectants.

If by nature you are an energetic adventurer – this pet is for you! A flock of striped teasers will not give rest to any inhabitant of the aquarium, it will drive majestic goldfish crazy and wrap tails of guppy tonyons.

We represent the main teaser of any reservoir – bar of Sumatran!

Aquarium. This active fish swims in all layers of water, but prefers the average.

For the well-being of the Sumatrans it is simply necessary to have space for swimming, so the aquarium is better to choose an elongated one.

In addition, it would be optimal to put a couple of kagag and plant a couple of plots thickly with plants. This way you can perfectly simulate their natural habitat.

Sumatran barb is a schooling fish and in solitude it will simply torment the neighbors in living space with its aggressive nature.

Water parameters. The temperature range for the Sumatrans is quite large – 23-26 ° C, they prefer soft and very clean water.

A good filter is a guarantee of the health of your pets.

Lighting. This fish has no special requirements for lighting, the Sumatran barbus is generally distinguished by its rare unpretentiousness (what other underwater inhabitants are easy to maintain in the article “Unpretentious aquarium fish”).

Aeration. The sensitivity to the oxygen content in water of the Sumatran barb is extremely low.

However, it is not necessary to bring the matter to the point when the fish will float on the surface head up, it is better to periodically replace some of the water if there is no forced aeration in the aquarium.

Compatibility. As neighbors, it is better to choose equally active fish: danios-rerio, ternets, speckled catfish.

Diamond tetras are also suitable. Slow and dignified fish (angelfish, gourami, gold) simply risk being left with fins bitten off.

Just so as not to relax.

Parent choice. For the first experience of breeding fawns, Sumatran barb is ideal. With a sufficiently diverse feeding, not only with dry feed, fish will definitely show a desire to spawn.

Already at the age of 5-9 months, Sumatrans become sexually mature and ready to reproduce offspring.

For Sumatran barbs, preliminary seating of males and females in separate aquariums is not a prerequisite for spawning. But traditionally the fish are settled so that the females in a relaxed atmosphere could gain caviar.

The temperature of the water must be maintained at 22-24 ° C. For a better development of caviar, it is necessary to provide the fish during this period with a varied menu rich in proteins (tubule, bloodworm, corelet).

Spawning. By the time of spawning should be prepared spawning – an aquarium of not less than 10 liters, without soil.

The separator grid laid on the bottom will save caviar from eating by parents. Snails in spawning should not be.

As a substrate, both Javanese moss and synthetic fiber are suitable.

To stimulate spawning, producers are placed in spawning beds usually in the evening and raise the temperature to 25-26 ° С. Feed manufacturers is not recommended. The first morning rays of the sun are for them a signal to spawn.

Its duration is 2-3 hours. During this time, the female throws up to 600 eggs.

After spawning Sumatran parents are removed from the aquarium and partially replaced with fresh water. To prevent the development of the fungus in the eggs, methylene blue is used (added to water to obtain a light blue tint).

After 12 hours, white unfertilized eggs are removed.

Fry care. Caviar development occurs within a couple of days, and after this period, fish larvae swim up. For 3-4 days they develop to fry and begin to actively swim and feed on living dust and infusoria.

From this point on, the main care for fry consists in regular feeding (every 3-4 hours) and periodic replacement of part of the water.

Feeding fry it must be varied and live feed should prevail, otherwise the young growth is weakened, underdeveloped and sometimes unsuitable for further reproduction. In the first week, the lighting in the aquarium should be done around the clock.

By the end of the first month, the fry will acquire all the outward signs of an adult.

If you think that the aquarium lacks movement, life and turbulent events, start a Sumatran barb. Unpretentious to the living conditions of the fish instantly create an active social life in your reservoir.

You just have to watch and admire the energetic handsome!

Video on how to care for a barbar sumarian:

Nowadays, more than 200 types of barbs are known, more than 50 are types of barbs that are bred in home aquariums. Distinctive characteristics of fish: there are no teeth in the jaws, instead of them pharyngeal teeth are developed; cycloid scales; many species have antennae over the upper jaw. There are three kinds of barbs (Barbodes, Capoeta, Puntius).

Many aquarian variations come from freshwater bodies of Africa and Southeast Asia.

All species live under the same water conditions: temperature 20-25 ° C, medium hard water and neutral pH. Once a week you need to make a replacement of 20% of water for fresh and infused. Some are schooling barbs, others are loners.

This feature depends on the size of the fish: large fish can be calm and peaceful, medium and small are more fearful, so they come into conflicts, and do not like sluggish neighbors in the aquarium.

Body sizes of medium species are from 4 to 10 cm. Types of medium sizes are characterized by bright color of scales, mobile and territorial character.

Many can be kept in aquariums with a capacity of 100 liters or more.

Sumatran Barbus (lat. Barbus tetrazona) comes from the slow flowing rivers of Indonesia and Fr. Sumatra. The body color is distinguished by a “striped” pattern – there are four vertical stripes on a yellow background.

The fins are dark with pink edging. There are breeds of Sumatran barbs. The size of the fish in the aquarium is 5 cm.

It is recommended to keep 6-8 individuals in a flock in order to avoid conflicts.

Barbus black, black diamond (lat. Puntius nigrofasciatus) – fish originally from about. Sri Lanka.

Body length – 6 cm. The body is tall, rounded, flattened on the sides. Above the upper jaw mustache absent.

Juveniles look like Sumatran barbus, with age the bands fade and leave the body. Males are beautifully painted during the spawning period – the front part of the body becomes bright red and the back has an emerald sheen. Dorsal fin black.

The color of the scales of females is not so bright, however, the stripes on the body remain until the end of life.

Watch a pair of black barbs.

The fire barbus (lat. Puntius conchonius) is a beautiful fish with an olive-green back and a yellow-red belly. Body size: 5-8 cm in length.

The body glows with a silvery sheen. The base of the caudal fin has a black speck.

In males, the dorsal fin has a black tinge, the other fins are yellow. During spawning, the males acquire a bright red body color, the fin on the back becomes orange with black edging.

Females are round and faded, colorless fins.

Cherry Barbus (lat. Barbus titteya) – originally from Sri Lanka. The body is elongated, compressed at the sides.

The body size is 4 cm in length, a horizontal dark stripe passes through the body. During the spawning period, the males are painted in bright cherry color, so the fish have this name.

The females have a large and rounded body, a yellowish-orange hue, and the back is dark. Fins are red with black edging.

The nature of the fish is timid, peaceful.

The five-lane barb or pentazon (lat. Puntius pentazona) is a fish originally from Singapore.

It looks like a Sumatran barb, but the body of elongated symmetry is colored brighter. The scales are yellowish-silver, five strips of blue-black tone pass through the body. Above the upper jaw there are 2 pairs of antennae.

Body size – 7 cm in length.

Oligolepis (lat. Capoeta oligolepis) is a fish originally from Indonesia.

Torso length – 4 cm. The color of the scales is silver-nacreous with 4 black vertical stripes.

The eyes are large, above the upper jaw there are two pairs of antennae. In males, the fins have a dark edging, in females they are transparent.

Gracilis (lat. Barboides gracilis) is an endemic of African rivers. Very small fish, 2 cm in length.

He lives a little – just a year and a half. The body is oblong, the torso is not pronounced, but immediately passes into the head. The fins and body of the fish are transparent.

At the base of the tail there is a large black spot. Fish can be kept in the species aquarium flock.

See also: Barbus green mutant.

If you prefer active fish, then feel free to start barbs! They are not only fast, bright, beautiful, interesting, but also very unpretentious: they live in any volumes, they easily adapt to new conditions, they are good neighbors, they rarely get sick and quickly heal, are not picky about food, and cannot enumerate everything.

But most importantly, the diversity of their species is simply amazing! It seems to us that anyone who wishes will find among them a fish to his liking, the right size and color. Modern aquaria knows about 50 varieties of barbs, but not more than 20 of them are widespread.

We will try to briefly describe the most interesting and favorite representatives of these carps.

This group combines fish with a body length of 4 to 7 cm.

Perhaps the most popular variety. These are residents of slow flowing rivers and lakes of Indonesia.

A lot of representatives of this “breed” are found on the island of Sumatra, hence the first name – Sumatran barb.

They are also called tiger-colored due to the striped color: on a high, flattened, yellow-silver body there are 4 black vertical stripes. The head is wedge-shaped.

The fins are dark with pink edging.

Fishes bred by breeding and breeding in an aquarium exceed their “wild” fellows with brightness. Among them are color variations that do not exist at all in nature.

The size of aquarium fish is about 5 cm. An interesting fact: in solitude and a pack of 6 pieces, Sumatrans are quiet and peaceful, but in the amount of 2-3 they turn into terrible bullies and teasers who do not give passage to other inhabitants of the aquarium.

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