maintenance, care, compatibility
Barbusses, or barbs (lat. Barbus) – ray-finned fishes, belong to the family Karpovye.
There are several dozens of species in the wild environment, the distribution area is Africa and Southeast Asia. They can be described as small and mobile fish, with body size from 5 to 30 cm in length. Nowadays, aquarium fish barbs are common, which were caught in natural waters, or bred on fish farms.
There are also breeds of barbs, bred by breeding. Less common are large barbs.
All species have Weber apparatus, thanks to which the fish have a sharp ear. It is possible to breed them in captivity with great success.
In the aquarist slang there is such a word as “barbusyatnik”, which means a fresh-water home aquarium, where mostly barbs live – small fish with various colors. It’s time to get to know them better.
Habitat of another species – green barbs – areas of East China. Their usual size is somewhat larger: about 9 cm. Absolutely peaceful carps, they do not offend even a floating trifle.
It is for this reason that the green “Chinese” are widely spread in the world aquarism.
There are several aquarium species and subspecies that differ in color and size, among which can be called cherry barbs, oligolepis, ruby, butterflies and others.
Barbus of Sumatran: content, compatibility, photo-video review
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.
Description of Barbus of Sumatran:
Inhabits the waters of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. (native of Sumatra) Sumatran barbus was first introduced to Europe in 1935, and to Russia – 1946.
Sumatran barbs – schooling, very mobile fish. The body of these barbs is high, strongly compressed from the sides. No mustache.
The general color is golden-pink, the back is darker with a red tint, the belly is yellowish-white. On the sides are four vertical black stripes.
The first passes through the eye, the second behind the pectoral fin, the third behind the dorsal fin and the last at the beginning of the caudal fin. The dorsal fin is black with a bright red border, the other fins are pink or red.
Females are larger than males with fuller belly.. The color of the males is brighter, the red color of the fins is more saturated.
It should be noted that in nature, Sumatran barb has a more faded color than its aquarium congener. In the aquarium, Sumatran barbs prefer to stay in flocks.
Mainly in the middle and lower layers of water. For the maintenance of these fish, it is desirable to have an aquarium densely planted with vegetation (from 50 l) with open swimming areas.
The soil is better dark, otherwise the fish get a paler color. A flock of Sumatran barbs in 5 – 10 or more individuals can be kept with other peaceful, but able to stand up for themselves fish.
It is important to note that with a small content of 2 – 3 fish, these barbs can show strong aggression both to each other and to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Sumatran barbs do not belong to predators, but if in the aquarium, where they are located, fry of some fish appear, they instantly grab the fry and swallow.
At the same time the barbs will not calm down until they catch all the fry. The exceptions are sedentary and voile forms of fish, in which barbs can bite off the ends of the fins.
In addition, a flock of Sumatrans moving quickly through an aquarium can cause constant stress and discomfort among other less active inhabitants.
Sumatran barbs unpretentious, 21-23 ° C is favorable temperature, however, good filtration is required in the aquarium, regular water changes (1/4 of the volume once a week) and can be planted with any plants, but it is better to prefer small-leaved plants (cabomba, myriophyllum). If the aquarium does not have an air purge, it is advisable to replace part of the water with fresh water at the same temperature from time to time. Such a water change is very beneficial effect on the fish.
The fish are less sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water than others. If the fish nevertheless swims upside down at the surface, the water should be replaced immediately.
Sumatran barbs are omnivorous. and eagerly eat any live and artificial food. A feature of this species is the tendency to overeating (the cause of obesity and death of fish). To avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the amount of feed and use the rule, it is better not to feed the fish.
In addition, it is desirable to include vegetable feed in their diet, for example, lettuce leaves, nettle, dried seaweed, etc.
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Under normal conditions of detention, especially after replacing part of the water, Sumatran barbs, gathering in a flock, swim briskly in the aquarium. Sometimes, huddled in the shaded corner of the aquarium, the barbus can be in the same position for hours with almost no movement.
In this case, the fish is kept in an inclined position, with his head down. This condition is normal for the fish and should not be disturbed. Males have a warlike character and sometimes in the presence of females, fluffing up their fins, enter into a fight with each other: they seek to grab each other by the jaws, push the side surface of the body or pinch the mouth.
Usually these fights do not lead to noticeable damage and end with the fact that the fish diverge and again peacefully swim in a flock.
Life expectancy in an aquarium is 4 to 5 years. Breeding becomes possible after the fish reaches the age of 5-9 months.
General information about the barbs
Carp family (Cyprinidae).
Barbusses (genus Barbus) – killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties.
Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size.
Small fish barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other.
Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums.
Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C.
The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration.
Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer.
The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character.
For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them.
Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live – bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.
Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters.
The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required.
The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium.
Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling.
The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it.
Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat.
At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up – small crustaceans.
Juveniles grow fast. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism.
With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.
When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
If by nature you are an energetic adventurer – this pet is for you! A flock of striped teasers will not give rest to any inhabitant of the aquarium, it will drive majestic goldfish crazy and wrap tails of guppy tonyons.
We represent the main teaser of any reservoir – bar of Sumatran!
Aquarium. This active fish swims in all layers of water, but prefers the average.
For the well-being of the Sumatrans it is simply necessary to have space for swimming, so the aquarium is better to choose an elongated one.
In addition, it would be optimal to put a couple of kagag and plant a couple of plots thickly with plants. This way you can perfectly simulate their natural habitat.
Sumatran barb is a schooling fish and in solitude it will simply torment the neighbors in living space with its aggressive nature.
Water parameters. The temperature range for the Sumatrans is quite large – 23-26 ° C, they prefer soft and very clean water.
A good filter is a guarantee of the health of your pets.
Lighting. This fish has no special requirements for lighting, the Sumatran barbus is generally distinguished by its rare unpretentiousness (what other underwater inhabitants are easy to maintain in the article “Unpretentious aquarium fish”).
Aeration. The sensitivity to the oxygen content in water of the Sumatran barb is extremely low.
However, it is not necessary to bring the matter to the point when the fish will float on the surface head up, it is better to periodically replace some of the water if there is no forced aeration in the aquarium.
Compatibility. As neighbors, it is better to choose equally active fish: danios-rerio, ternets, speckled catfish. Diamond tetras are also suitable.
Slow and dignified fish (angelfish, gourami, gold) simply risk being left with fins bitten off. Just so as not to relax.
Parent choice. For the first experience of breeding fawns, Sumatran barb is ideal.
With a sufficiently diverse feeding, not only with dry feed, fish will definitely show a desire to spawn. Already at the age of 5-9 months, Sumatrans become sexually mature and ready to reproduce offspring.
For Sumatran barbs, preliminary seating of males and females in separate aquariums is not a prerequisite for spawning. But traditionally the fish are settled so that the females in a relaxed atmosphere could gain caviar.
The temperature of the water must be maintained at 22-24 ° C. For a better development of caviar, it is necessary to provide the fish during this period with a varied menu rich in proteins (tubule, bloodworm, corelet).
Spawning. By the time of spawning should be prepared spawning – an aquarium of not less than 10 liters, without soil.
The separator grid laid on the bottom will save caviar from eating by parents. Snails in spawning should not be.
As a substrate, both Javanese moss and synthetic fiber are suitable.
To stimulate spawning, producers are placed in spawning beds usually in the evening and raise the temperature to 25-26 ° С. Feed manufacturers is not recommended.
The first morning rays of the sun are for them a signal to spawn. Its duration is 2-3 hours.
During this time, the female throws up to 600 eggs.
After spawning Sumatran parents are removed from the aquarium and partially replaced with fresh water. To prevent the development of the fungus in the eggs, methylene blue is used (added to water to obtain a light blue tint).
After 12 hours, white unfertilized eggs are removed.
Fry care. Caviar development occurs within a couple of days, and after this period, fish larvae swim up.
For 3-4 days they develop to fry and begin to actively swim and feed on living dust and infusoria. From this point on, the main care for fry consists in regular feeding (every 3-4 hours) and periodic replacement of part of the water.
Feeding fry it must be varied and live feed should prevail, otherwise the young growth is weakened, underdeveloped and sometimes unsuitable for further reproduction. In the first week, the lighting in the aquarium should be done around the clock.
By the end of the first month, the fry will acquire all the outward signs of an adult.
If you think that the aquarium lacks movement, life and turbulent events, start a Sumatran barb. Unpretentious to the living conditions of the fish instantly create an active social life in your reservoir.
You just have to watch and admire the energetic handsome!
Video on how to care for a barbar sumarian:
The aquarium fish Sumatran barb (lat. Puntius tetrazona, and earlier Barbus tetrazona) is a bright and active fish that will revive any biotope.
It is a small fish, with a yellowish-red body and black stripes, for which in English it even got the name tiger barb. When they grow up, the color turns a little pale, but still a flock of Sumatran barbs in an aquarium is a particularly spectacle.
These carps are a very popular aquarium fish for a long time, and do not lose their popularity. They are called Sumatran because they come from the island of Sumatra. Of course, they have not been caught in nature for a long time, but successfully bred both in Southeast Asia and throughout Europe.
Moreover, there are already several artificially derived forms – albino, with veil fins and green.
Keep it simple and it is great for aquarists of different levels. They are quite hardy, provided that the water is clean and the balance is maintained in the aquarium.
In an aquarium with Sumatran barbs, it is better to plant a lot of plants, but it is important that there is free space for swimming. However, they can nibble tender shoots of plants, although they do it quite rarely.
Apparently with insufficient amount of plant food in the diet.
It is important to keep Sumatran barbs in a flock, in quantities of 7 or more. But remember that this is a bully, not aggressive, but cocky.
With enthusiasm they will tear off the fins with veils and slow fish, so the neighbors must be chosen wisely. But the content in the pack, significantly reduces their cockiness, as the hierarchy is established and attention switches.