maintenance, care, compatibility
Probably most of the currently sold ordinary angelfish belong to this species. Traditionally considered the most unpretentious and easy to breed.
Wild Angelfish caught in nature
It is rarely found, very similar to an ordinary scalar, but its dark spots are somewhat lighter, and there are a couple of black stripes on the body, and one on the dorsal fin, but not moving onto the body.
Or the Orinoco scalar, it is the largest fish of all three species, it can be one and a half times larger than the usual scalar and grow up to 40 cm in size. There is also a sharp transition between the forehead and the mouth, forming a depression.
There are red dots on the fins. For many years, this species could not be diluted in captivity, but in recent years it has been possible to get fry from the scalar altum, and it went on sale along with individuals caught in nature.
Scalaria Altum or Orinoco
Altum in nature and in the aquarium, though the video is in English, but it’s worth a look:
Angelfish are quite unpretentious fish and can live more than 10 years, if you provide them with suitable conditions. Because of their shape, high aquariums of at least 120 liters are preferred for maintenance. However, if you are going to contain several of these beautiful fish, it is better to get an aquarium of 200-250 liters or more.
Another benefit of buying a spacious aquarium is that parents feel calmer and eat caviar less often.
The scalar aquarium fish should be kept in warm water, when the temperature of the water in the aquarium is 25-27С. In nature, they live in subacid, fairly soft water, but now they are well adapted to a variety of conditions and parameters.
The decor in the aquarium can be any, but preferably without sharp edges, which the fish may be injured.
Angelfish can tear off delicate plants, but not very much. At me they persistently eat Eleocharis, although they are never hungry and regularly eat food with vegetable ingredients. And the attempt to add moss to the bark, they won is very simple.
Regularly cutting off Javanese moss on a twig. It is difficult to say why they behave this way, but apparently from boredom and greedy appetite.
In the aquarium, it is advisable to plant plants with wide leaves, such as nymphs or amazon, they like to lay eggs on such leaves.
The body structure of the aquarium scalar is not adapted to swimming in a strong current, and filtration in the aquarium should be moderate. A large flow of water causes stress, and slows the growth of fish, as they expend energy to fight it. It is reasonable to use an external filter, and supply water through a flute or an internal one and spray current.
Required weekly water changes, about 20% of the volume.
In the overgrown reservoirs of South America with dense plants, a small fish was born and gradually acquired a rather fanciful shape. The unusual inhabitant gradually became a real decoration of the reservoirs, therefore she got a beautiful name: “angelfish”, which translates as winged leaf.
The scalar feels perfectly in the dense thickets of underwater flora, as its flat body allows it to easily move between plants. However, we should not forget that the empty space of this motley baby is vital, especially if the owner wants to grow a scalar of a larger size. Under normal conditions, this aquarium fish grows in length up to 15 centimeters, while maintaining the potential to achieve a 26-centimeter length.
Those who are interested in large scalars should take care that the aquarium is large enough – up to 100 liters. At the same time, the height of this water house should be about 50 centimeters.
An important role in creating comfort for the angelfish has a water temperature in the aquarium. In principle, it is considered acceptable within a considerable range, however, for a comfortable state, the scalars need a water temperature of 22 to 26 degrees.
At the same time, experienced aquarists are confident that these fish feel good when the temperature in the aquarium drops to 18 degrees, and even for some time they live without problems in an aquatic environment with such a temperature index.
The maintenance of such fish provides not only the creation of habitat, timely care and cleaning of the aquarium itself, but also the organization of proper nutrition of fish.
Angelfish has the glory of undemanding and unpretentious fish. Besides the fact that it does not impose excessive demands on the creation of habitat on its owner, it is also completely picky in nutrition.
The solution to the problem, than to feed the scalar, as a rule, does not cause difficulties: this fish willingly eats both dry food and live food. In order to correctly determine the appropriate feed for scalar, it is worth remembering the specifics of the body of the fish.
Since her body has a flat shape, it is difficult for her to get food from the bottom, therefore, the most suitable for scalar is such a food that stays on the surface of the water for a long time. Approaches to the choice of live food are standard – this fish eats without damage to the health and bloodworms, and the pipe worker, and any other live food.
Some experts prefer to feed these fish crushed seafood: shrimp, mussel meat.
It is recommended to observe the feeding regime of the angelfish the same as for most other aquarium fish: 2-3 times a day. At the same time, proper care of the fish in the aquarium provides one unloading day per week: on this day, the fish are not fed. It is not recommended to give feed to scalars more than three times a day, as this will inevitably lead to obesity.
Feed should be given as much as the fish eat, without increasing the dosage, as not eaten feed will pollute the water in the aquarium.
Among experienced aquarists there is a perception that the angelfish is quite a peaceable inhabitant of the aquarium. However, her love of peace has boundaries: getting on with other inhabitants is that the scalar occupies a certain area in the aquarium and tries to chase away the rest of the aquatic inhabitants. For this colorful fish, it is advisable to organize in the aquarium several special zones:
- In different corners of the aquarium is to plant several plants with wide leaves. Such a technique will significantly reduce the level of conflict in the water monastery.
- The interior of the aquarium is complemented by mini-caves, large stones, and snags. This will allow the scalars to find shelter without harming the other inhabitants.
- The central part of the aquarium should be left as free as possible to create conditions for the free movement of fish.
- Colorful fish are quite shy: they are frightened by bright light, sharp flashes, therefore it is advisable to distribute the plants floating on the surface through the aquarium. This will create an additional blackout effect, making the fish content more comfortable.
Most often, the angelfish takes a place near the trough, and therefore drives away from her all the fish that are smaller in size, and can even eat very small ones. The angelfish and big fish live together quite peacefully, as the motley baby cannot drive them away from the feeder, and therefore does not conflict with them. It is advisable to breed a lot of angelfish in one aquarium, which very quickly break up into pairs and begin to “redistribute” the area near the feeder.
While they are “dividing the territory”, the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium have unhindered access to the feeder.
These representatives of the underwater fauna come from South America, where their favorite habitats are leisurely flowing or even standing waters of local water bodies, densely overgrown with reeds.
The flat, as if flattened laterally, scalar body shape allows it to easily move between vertically growing stems of aquatic flora. Here they are comfortable: you can easily hide from predatory brethren, spawn caviar in silence.
Usually they live in small flocks of 20 or more individuals.
The unusual shape of a scalar for fish, resembling a crescent, was formed by stretching the dorsal and anal fins, while the fins on the abdomen were transformed into threads that felt and recognized surrounding objects.
The natural habitat has formed the color of an angelfish: the light-silvery background of the body of the fish is crossed by vertical stripes of a dark color, constantly changing saturation depending on the degree of illumination. These transverse strips are nothing more than the protective coloring of the fish, making them invisible in the reed.
Only the eyes are sharply accented with bright red spots.
This aquarium pets peculiar to:
- graceful manner of movement;
- ability to coexist with non-aggressive species of fish;
- reverent care for their offspring.
It is impossible to say that the angelfish fully corresponds to its translated name of the angelfish: it, like many cichlids, is run by the predator instincts.
Attempting to share this fish with some other aquarium dwellers does not always end successfully. Simply put, for example, every detail scalar easily eaten, and for adult members of other breeds there are some limitations.
Large breeds of aggressor fish themselves will attack the scalar. You can try to hook up to them fish that can quickly hide, for which our representatives of the Tsikhlovyhs will be dangerous only at night.
Based on the foregoing, these angel pets are compatible with:
- danios who need to be able to dodge and quickly hide;
- specialty partners;
- Labo and tetra, if you grow them together.
In short, everything in relation to the compatibility of different breeds of fish is relative. Scalaria of the cichl breed.
A priori, this means that it is a predator for which every small fish is food. And any larger fish with the same predatory inclinations will not miss the opportunity to pat the delicate antennae of scalar.
Probably, it makes sense, buying this cichlid, to negotiate with the seller about the possibility of its return to the pet store in case of such incompatibility.
Angelfish (Latin Pterophyllum scalare) is one of the most beautiful aquarium fish, the history of their breeding in aquariums in many countries of the world has been over 100 years old. The natural origin of the fish is the territory of South America, the freshwater Amazon River and its tributaries.
In these bodies of water, the water is mild and slightly acidic, relatively warm. In some countries, the fish has been nicknamed the “angelfish” (angelfish) because of its elegant appearance and mannerism, giving it an aristocratic charm.
In addition to these signs, the scalar fish has a developed intellect, its maintenance in the home environment is simple. Aquarium fish scalar are also good parents who can independently take care of offspring.
They live in reservoirs with a slow or medium course, where there is a lot of reed beds. Their disc shape is the result of evolution.
This body shape allows you to beautifully maneuver among underwater plants. In nature, fish are kept in packs of 8-10 individuals.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare
Family: Cichlids (Cichlids)
Comfortable water temperature: 22-30 ° C
“Acidity” pH: 6.0-7.5
Stiffness dH: up to 10 °.
The life expectancy of an angelfish in an aquarium can be 15-25 years, if you follow a number of requirements. First, be sure to launch these fish into a spacious tank of at least 100 liters per pair (female and male). Secondly, install the compressor and the aerator, the fish saturated with oxygen will only be delighted.
The compressor must be turned on for 20-30 minutes twice a day.
As for the general cleaning in the aquarium, it does not need to be carried out too often. If you remove the remnants of food and rotted plants in time, the water can be changed less often, some people manage to keep the water in crystal purity for more than six months.
Otherwise, water replacement should occur at least 3 times a month. Be sure to clean the soil, wash the walls of the tank and the filter from the accumulated dirt, green algae.
Watch the water temperature – the new water should correspond to all the parameters of the “old” one.
Do not forget that the angelfish will live more years if the feed in the aquarium is not worse than they are fed in the wild. In the wild, they are omnivorous: they feed on insect larvae and insects, zooplankton, and plants.
Therefore, they can be fed all appropriately feed: artificial for cichlids, dry, frozen and live. You can not give bloodworms and tubers, because they do not live in weakly acidic water.
You can see how the fish form brownish blisters at the anus – these are the negative effects of feeding the bloodworm and the strawman.
What decorative angelfish eat: micro-worm, artemia, earthworms, snails, koretra, daphnia, cyclop, lettuce and spinach. It is not recommended to give meat to warm-blooded animals that are saturated with fats. Feed pelleted with spirulina can be additional feeding.
You need to feed such portions so that the fish ate the food in 2-5 minutes. Overfeeding is also harmful and shortens the life of fish, food debris can oxidize water, spoiling its quality.
See how to care for scalars to prolong their lives.
Because of the violation of metabolic processes, improper conditions of detention, untimely hygiene, fish can get sick, having lived in an aquarium for few years. With poor aeration, the fish have difficulty breathing, hold on to the surface of the water, gasping for air.
The eyes become pale, the gills from the inside become covered with necrotic plaques. In this case, you can gradually increase the aeration by adjusting the temperature of the water and the supply of oxygen.
If it seemed to you that the angelfish in the aquarium is sluggish, swims slowly, the anus is inflamed on the body, this is a disturbing signal. Hexamitosis is a parasitic disease of the gastrointestinal tract.
Late intervention with the use of drugs can lead to infection of other fish or death. It is possible to treat with erythrocycline baths with trichopol (50 grams and 10 grams, respectively, in proportions to one liter of water).
A scalar can form a fin rot, which is a consequence of infection with a rod-shaped bacterium. This is the result of heavily polluted water if it is rarely changed.
On the body of a scalar appear white turbidity, also the eye corneas turn pale. Later the rays of the fins begin to exfoliate and fall off, ulcers form.
The consequences of such a disease can be lethal – a fish will live for few years if it is infected from time to time. Treatment of fin rot: take malachite green, hydrochloride and bacillin-5 (in proportions of 0.1 mg, 100 mg, 4000 units per liter of water, respectively). The solution is added to a water tank.
Be sure to process the decorations of the aquarium, plant plants bacillin.
Ringworm – a disease of fungal origin, which reduces the number of years of fish life. Late treatment will be fatal. Symptoms: white bloom on the body.
Later, the fungus can spread to the internal organs. For treatment it is necessary to use streptotsid, bacillin-5, copper sulfate, potassium permanganate (in the proportions of 1 gram, 4000 units, 0.5 gram, 0.05 gram, respectively).
Timely prevention of diseases, quarantine and quality treatment prolong the life of pets.
Of all the types of aquarium fish, scalar are probably the most popular and common. And it is not surprising, because such fish as scalar will become not only silent pets, but also a real decoration of your apartment, thanks to its not very bright, but beautiful color and unique crescent shape.
The birthplace of scalar fish is the basins of the Amazon and Orinoco. Angelfish prefer calm quiet parts of water bodies (lagoons, bays, overgrown and stagnant waters).
The first fish were brought to Europe in the early twentieth century, in Russia, their successful mass breeding began around the 50s of the twentieth century.
In fish, the angelfish has a disc-shaped body shape with elongated dorsal and anal fins and filiform processes of the ventral fins. This body structure allows the scalars in nature to quickly hide from the enemy, hiding in the undergrowth, as the fish are very shy and cautious.
When the content of an angelfish at home, it is necessary to take into account the size of the aquarium that is necessary for them: its height must be at least 45-50 cm, and the volume must be more than 60 liters. This is due to the fact that the fish reach a height of usually about 25 cm and approximately 15 cm in length, and since the scalar fish are schooling, it is desirable to keep at least 2-4 individuals together.
Angelfish love clean water, so the aquarium should have a filter and aeration. Once a week it is necessary to replace one-fifth of the water.
The optimum water temperature ranges from 23-26 degrees Celsius.
At the bottom of the aquarium, you can put either coarse sand or small pebbles. In the corners of the aquarium it is necessary to place the algae in sufficient quantities, otherwise skirmishes between the fish are inevitable.
It is advisable to put the aquarium itself in such a way that bright sunlight falls on it, which the scalar needs.
Eating scalar eat both dry and live food. The latter, of course, is preferable. In addition, the fish need to give granulated feed and flakes.
It is better to use the feeder for feeding, since with such an unusual body shape it is extremely difficult for the scalar to pick up pieces of food from the bottom of the aquarium.
Scalar should be fed moderately, not overfeeding – overeating is dangerous for their health.
If you properly care for your pets, by the age of 8-10 months they form pairs and regularly spawn. Usually, for laying caviar, a couple chooses one of the objects in the aquarium, most often these are plant leaves.
If you want to breed a scalar, then you need to place the selected pair in a separate (spawning) aquarium with a capacity of at least 80 liters. The temperature in the aquarium should not be below 26 degrees.
After the fish lay their eggs, the parents should be better off, otherwise they can eat the newly born offsprings themselves.
Angelfish are quite peaceful, therefore, compatible with almost all calm fish. It is necessary to take into account the size of the neighbors: they should not be much smaller than the angelfish, otherwise they will serve not as neighbors, but as food.
Best of all, all the inhabitants of the aquarium were about the same size. It is also not necessary to move the predators, as in this case Angelfish can be bitten with fins.
It is better not to place scalar and goldfish in one aquarium, as they have different maintenance conditions, characters, and everyone needs a lot of space. Especially grown up scalar can spoil fins to goldfish.
Diseases of aquarium fish angelfish easier to prevent than to treat. Observe the temperature regime, do not overfeed the fish and closely monitor the quality of the feed, change the water in time and always maintain cleanliness in the aquarium – and you most likely will not encounter scalar disease.
To date, the choice of aquarium fish is very large. It all depends on your preferences and financial capabilities. But for a beginner aquarist it is necessary to choose unpretentious fish, with a calm character and good relations with other inhabitants.
Many newcomers love the angelfish for their beauty and grace, combined with leisure. However, for the content in the aquarium is not the easiest fish.
An important factor is the knowledge – with whom the scalar live well.
To feed they are quite unpretentious, they feed on all its varieties. It is better to choose food that does not sink, since the angelfish mostly float near the surface, and will not collect it from the bottom.
You need to feed 2-3 times a day. Do not overfeed in any case, as they are prone to obesity.
This may lead to the impossibility of reproduction. It is useful even to arrange a fasting day for them once a week.
Another undoubted advantage is the affordable price of scalar, their relative simplicity in content, high probability of reproduction. These fabulously beautiful fish willingly get along with a lot of other representatives of the underwater world.
It should be borne in mind that the scalar is a predatory fish, therefore, almost all small fishes settled to it will be perceived as food. And for larger fish of the predator family, the scalar herself can become an object of hunting.
Especially if you take into account its slowness when combined with a calm character. Another point is to move neighbors to these fish better from a young age; if they grow up together, they can coexist peacefully throughout their lives.
Let’s look at what kind of fish can live with scalars in an aquarium?
- SomicsPractically all get along with these calm and sluggish fishes. Somiks are bottom dwellers, the angelfish simply will not notice them, since they absolutely do not care for the aquarium bottom. These fish live well together in the aquarium.
- CichlidsAlthough they belong to the same species, the ideal symbiosis is not always obtained. It would seem, relatives, what should they share? But the thing is that in contrast to the scalar, other representatives are more nimble and more aggressive. Most often, fights occur because of a place at the trough. There is a high probability of a certain confrontation between stronger fish from different schools in the aquarium.
- Barbusses.Very often it is advised to move the barbs. This is quite justified, they live well together. But there are several points: the temper of the barbs is significantly different, they are more active, they can easily leave scalar without lunch. Also because of their activity, these fish can offend calmer cichlids, and sometimes even manage to bite off their fins. Therefore, when you obselenie need to carefully observe their behavior.
- Gourami.These fish are also quite large in size and, together with the scalars, create a beautiful composition in the general aquarium. But you need to settle them together from the young age, then problems should not arise. Otherwise, you can not count the representatives of both species.
- Danio.It is believed that danios can easily coexist with scalars. Yes, it is possible. But it is possible that in the absence of light, scalaries can easily open up a hunt for them with the purpose of eating. Although danios are not that simple either. If this happens, they develop a reflex, and with the onset of the night the fish in the aquarium hide closer to the bottom.
See how the pink angelfish and danios get along together perfectly.
- PequillyExcellent live in the same aquarium. Angelfish more often than not just notice the representatives of this species. Therefore, these fish will be excellent neighbors.
- The irisFully compatible, when taken into account, if they grow with scalars since childhood. Although sometimes you can miss a pair of iris in an aquarium.
- GuppyWith varieties of guppies, scalars can get along, but they can – not. If they are lodged together with fry, then most likely they will be quite comfortable. But of course, newborn fry will be eaten by angelfish. But it is worth remembering that adult guppies are also sinning this way, so this is not an indicator for separate coexistence in an aquarium.
- NeonsThey can live together, since neons live mainly on the bottom, for cichlids they are invisible, but if they often catch the eye, then these predators can easily get a grudge like very small fish.
- Labo and tetras.It is believed that the union is quite possible if these little fish have grown together.
- Pseudotropheus.In practice, they showed good livability with scalars, but nevertheless there were cases when pseudo-feitas gnawed fins on other fish. So you need to observe their behavior in the aquarium.