maintenance, care, compatibility
The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen’s dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy.
But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.
Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?
Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).
Creating an “underwater world” with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented. However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other’s food chain.
Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.
Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.
In order to have less discord in your tank, its inhabitants should not be cramped. For each fish up to 5 cm in size it is necessary to have 8-10 liters of aquarium volume, 10 cm in size – 15-20 liters, over 15 cm – 25-30 liters.
These figures are not “the truth of last resort” and are given with a certain margin, but they should not be exceeded. Do not forget that plants and soil in your tank also take up some space.
Remember that some species of aquarium fish can produce offspring only if there are no “alien” neighbors around at all. In other words, there is often a situation where a certain type of aquarium fish, capable of living in a common aquarium, breeds only in a “species” domestic pond.
No matter how much you like the photos and the names of the aquarium fish from the catalog, new pets cannot be moved into the general aquarium if they are incompatible with those that already live in your home pond.
You can create a set of fish for the aquarium yourself using the table below.
Also a good solution would be to use one of the time-tested sets of aquarium fish.
The world of aquarium catfish is very diverse and has about 800 species. These are freshwater fish with a short body shape, a broad head and a flattened side. There are no scales on the catfish’s body, and there are thorns on the fins.
In nature, these fish can be found in different parts of the world. Fans of aquarium catfish strikes their variety of species.
A variety of catfish species
Homeland aquarium catfish tarakatum from the family of armor-clad or kallichtovyh – shallow waters of South America. This species lives in thickets of rivers with a strong current.
In drought buries deep in the mud. Loves soft soil.
Being bored, it does not damage the plants. This catfish is characterized by the fact that he loves to jump in height, so it is important that the aquarium was always closed from above.
Homeland speckled catfish of the same family South America, Argentina, Brazil, as well as Uruguay, Paraguay. These are peaceful peaceful fish with a night peak of activity.
It is also called catfish ordinary, simple catfish or marble catfish. These fish are very unpretentious in the content.
Therefore, they are recommended even for beginners lovers of aquarium fish.
On the sandy areas of South American reservoirs, you can find bottomfish golden catfish. In captivity, he reaches no more than 7 cm in length. Himself catfish yellowish-brown.
Oxygen captures the mouth, and absorbs the posterior intestine. Moves spikes, which are located on the pectoral fins.
It is very interesting to watch these catfish creeping from place to place.
The catfish sparrow belongs to the family of crustaceans. South America is the birthplace of this aquarium catfish.
Homeland aquarium tiger catfish South America, Colombia, Brazil. These are predatory fish that feed on mussels, fish, and worms. In an aquarium, sand and a lot of oxygen will be needed as a substrate.
Predatory aquarium catfish tiger barbus loves live food: pipe maker, bloodworm. Although they can eat and dry food.
Very interesting appearance of transparent catfish. The genus crypterus includes two types of transparent catfish from Southeast Asia. Glass catfish can be found in India and Indonesia.
They were first imported to Europe in 1934. They live in the middle water layers. Their body is transparent.
The skeleton is clearly visible. Through the body, you can even see the back wall of the aquarium.
These fish are not aggressive and fearful. Feel confident in the flocks.
Recommend to keep these fish 5-6 pieces. Then they do not hide and calmly swim around the aquarium.
Homeland hakovom catfish is India, Burma, Sumatra. These catfishes have a powerful head, a wide mouth and a small dorsal fin. These are predator fish.
They are active only at night.
The catfish was sticking to the chain mail or Loricarids. It is distinguished by a large muzzle with suckers.
With his face he cleans the algae from the walls of the aquarium for food. These catfishes are called pterigoplichts or catfish cleaners.
Pterigoplicht broth is common. Homeland aquarium catfish sticky shallow water tributaries of large South American rivers, flooded areas of the jungle.
It lives in thickets of plants.
Pimelody or flat-headed catfish are valued for the brightness of the coloration. The homeland of this aquarium catfish is Mexico and Argentina.
Catfish cuckoo or multi-spotted catfish belongs to the family of fringed. In nature, lives in one of the largest African lakes Tanganyika.
Shark catfish is from Thailand. Loneliness for this catfish can cause stress.
This is a schooling fish. With a sharp appearance of light or shadow, they rush around the aquarium near its very surface. They may even damage their noses for fear.
Pretty big fish. Siamese shark catfish reach up to 30 cm.
And, high-grade to half a meter.
Homeland aquarium catfish Changeling Africa, reservoirs of the Congo River. When a danger arises, he turns his belly up.
In this position, he rests and eats.
In the natural habitat of this beautiful fish can be found in South Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan and China. Therefore, we can assume that the birthplace of macropods is all the countries of Southeast Asia.
And 150 years ago, a French traveler, visiting China, brought these beautiful fish to his country. And it was from France that the spread of macropod began throughout Europe, and later to other countries of the world.
Fish gourami – Popular individuals among fans of aquariums, and it is not surprising: with bright colors and a variety of species, these fish are quite unpretentious in content.
The peculiarities of the fish explain the origins of the gouras: they live in nature both in stagnant and moving water, both in small dirty ditches and in large rivers and reservoirs.
The homeland of the gourami is south and southeast Asia and the countries of Indochina. In nature, fish usually reach 10–15 cm, but larger individuals up to 30 cm long are also found.
The largest representative of gourami fish is commercial, or real gourami. Such gourams come from the Great Sunda Islands, where it grows up to 60 cm in length.
In the aquarium, this species is rarely kept, with the exception of the youngest individuals, which, with proper care, can grow up to 30-35 cm.
Types of fish gourami
Among the many fish emit such species gourami:
- Kissing gourami – The aquarium fish, whose birthplace is Thailand, got its name because of the funny sound of colliding lips with another fish. Such gourami in the aquarium, it seems, really kiss.
- Pearl gourami, one of the most beautiful views. The birthplace of such a fish is the Malacca Peninsula. A quiet and peace-loving pet has an unusual color, as if sprinkled with pearl dust.
- Gourami aquarium spotted. His homeland is Thailand and South Vietnam. Spotted gourami love for their calm disposition and variety of colors.
- Blue gourami arrived in our aquariums from Sumatra. It got its name due to the green-blue color, which becomes even brighter during the spawning period.
- Honey gourami justifies its sweet name honey, yellowish color. These are rather small Indian fish that do not grow more than 5 cm in length.
Asia has long remained their only habitat. Despite all the efforts, the representatives of the fish could not be transported to Europe.
During the trip on the ship, barrels of water, where the fish swam, tightly closed the lid to avoid splashing water and the loss of fish. However, gourami is a representative of labyrinth fish, which means that for life it just needs to occasionally swim to the surface of the water and swallow an air bubble outside.
Alas, travelers have not foreseen this, and not one of the fish swims alive to Europe. Only 20 years later, gourami fishes got to European countries and began to enjoy success with aquarists.
There are many varieties of aquarium fish, and they all differ in their color and the required care. Discus is one of the most beautiful aquarium fish.
So, discus. Homeland fish – South America. This species of fish loves calm water; animals choose places off the coast – there they hide between algae and wood.
Also discus can be diluted in aquariums, but they need special care.
The fish has an almost round shape, and its body is flattened from the sides. It has a rainbow color throughout the body. Fish have small head and mouth, and fins are long.
When the fish is healthy and in an excited state, it has a dark brown color, and wavy stripes become very bright. When a fish is sick, or is kept in unsuitable conditions, it has only vertical stripes that do not have a bright color.
The fish of this breed is able to change color depending on the state of health. Good aquarists who breed discus are able to distinguish between their condition.