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Aquarium and fish for beginners

maintenance, care, compatibility

What to do to breed fish? Where to begin? How to make the first launch of the aquarium at home?

What are the most unpretentious fish? Do I need seashells in the aquarium?

What kind of ground to choose? These and many other questions arise for beginning aquarists when they decide to buy a home aquarium and breed fish.

Of course, experienced aquarists already know many secrets and nuances in this difficult hobby of fish. And what should newcomers do in this case?

And in today’s article we will dwell in detail not only on what aquarium for beginners is, but also on what to do in order to create a real work of art at home.

After acquiring a new artificial pond for the house, keeping the fish is better to start with its feeding no more than once a day. Of course, then you can feed it more often, but little by little. After all, an aquarium is, first of all, a closed habitat.

If there is a lot of food, it is not eaten by fish, then it gets into the ground and begins to rot. From overfeeding the fish start to hurt, and then they completely die.

How do you know if the fish are overfed or not? It’s simple. Food, after getting into the aquarium should be eaten immediately, and not sink to the bottom.

True, there are such fish as catfish. It is they who eat the food that fell to the bottom.

Also, the fish need to arrange fasting days, but only once a week.

Aquaria – a very delicate matter. If you buy aquariums for beginners, it is best to focus on their equipment and only then think about starting.

After all, everything requires maintenance and care, and the aquarium is no exception to the rules. In the new aquarium, the water needs to be changed not immediately, but only after several months.

And the basic rules for the care of an artificial reservoir – is the replacement of water, but partial. You also need to look for algae.

Do not forget to change the filter, clean the soil. Do not forget to also check the readings of the thermometer.

And remember, you need to disturb the aquatic inhabitants as little as possible. Fish do not like it.

The third rule – conditions for fish: what should they be?

The fourth condition is the right equipment.

Remember the main rule. First you need:

  1. Aquarium and minimal equipment for it.
  2. Priming.
  3. Plants.

And only after the acquisition of all of the above, you can think about choosing the fish. Artificial pond need to choose not very small.

What is necessary from the equipment? So it refers to:

  • filter;
  • thermometer;
  • heater with thermostat;
  • lighting.

And when all this is acquired, you can do the installation of the vessel in your room. It is best to do this on a flat surface, before laying the tourist mat under the bottom of the aquarium. You also need to wash the soil and sand, pour it into the aquarium and fill it with cold tap water.

Install a filter and heater (especially important to monitor the temperature of the water in the winter). Because from the cold fish can die.

Next, heat the water to 20 degrees and begin to plant the plants. Planting a home aquarium should be live plants.

They are simply necessary. Even if there are fish in the aquarium that like to feed on plants, it is better to simply feed them more.

Water will be muddy at first. And it is here that you should not hurry.

It is best to wait about 7 days. And already after the water becomes clear, you can launch fish.

Important! Buying fish, do not forget to clarify whether they will get along together.

The fifth rule – the filter must be washed in the aquarium water

The seventh rule – the launch of a new fish spend slowly!

As mentioned above, the launch of the fish should be done only when the artificial reservoir is settled at home. Remember that if all the rules are not followed, the water in the aquarium will quickly become cloudy and the fish will die.

Quite often, a situation arises when, after acquiring a fish, many beginners do not know what to do next .. For experienced aquarists, this is not a problem, since their launch of the fish takes place on the machine.

But beginners may have problems. First you need to put the bag with the fish just in the aquarium.

Let it float there. Thus, the fish gets used to the new environment. And the fish that are already in the aquarium in this way will get to know it.

Then you need to start lowering the package below, so that the water from the aquarium is filled in the package. Let it still be a little time, and then launch the fish into the aquarium from the package.

Important! The more expensive a fish is, the more bother it is!

The tenth rule – aquarism is my hobby!

The most important thing in aquarism is to fish with great enthusiasm, but without forcing yourself. Make it so that it brings pleasure and enjoyment.

After all, this is a real vacation at home. Near the artificial reservoir can spend a lot of time watching the behavior of fish.

In addition, scientists have proven that running and monitoring fish leads to normal blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And if there are small children at home, then this is also a very good educational moment. After all, since childhood, caring for fish will teach them to care and attention.

After all, probably, very few people want to see that the first experience with the aquarium is bitter and ends with the death of the fish. After all, it often happens that novice aquarists, who have not coped with the problems, put an end to their dream.

Do not leave immediately, and after a while there will come a period when an experienced aquarist grows from an inexperienced beginner who will help the same beginners, like him, who buy aquariums for beginners himself just a few weeks or months ago. Believe it is not difficult!

If you are going to install an aquarium in your house, but do not know who to settle in it – aquarium fish for beginners will suit you! What are these types of fish? First, most of them are characterized by small body size, secondly – they are hardy and unpretentious in content, thirdly, they are easy to breed.

And, perhaps, one of the main points is that they have a peaceable, accommodating temper, which will allow them to share several floating neighbors with them.

Guppies are unpretentious, peaceful and hardy aquarium fish. Male guppies have a large and lush tail fin, sometimes multicolored. This is a viviparous species of fish, females bring to the light fry ready for a full life.

During one spawning, 10-60 small fish can be born. The content of guppy is possible in a small aquarium. Breeding is also simple – it is enough to settle the females and males together.

Guppies eat different food – both branded and live, frozen, vegetable, flakes and pellets. For a beginner aquarist, it is better to have guppies of a non-hybrid breed, since such pets will be very capricious and difficult to maintain.

Fish of the Petsilievye family (mollies, swordtails, patsilias) are also viviparous fishes that are very easy to maintain and care for. Breeding also does not cause trouble to the beginner aqua player, since the female, after spawning, will reproduce the fry ready for life. All Pecilliae are distinguished by bright coloring of scales, mobility, active lifestyle, and resistance to stress.

They can quickly hide from a more annoying neighbor in the aquarium, and sometimes this and save their lives.

Watch the life of the Sword in the aquarium.

They eat all kinds of live, frozen and artificial feed. They prefer warm water with a neutral environment, they tolerate changes in water parameters, although this is undesirable.

For future owners of Sword bearers, caution is that males may fight for territory, or for females, so they are not suitable for a small tank.

For the majority of those whose life was firmly in the hobby for aquarism, the first household pond appeared in childhood. The child asks parents to give him an aquarium, and they go to the store, often not imagining what it should be like for beginners. Assuming that the smaller the aquarium, the easier it will be to look after it, parents buy a small “can” of 20-30 liters, and thus make the first mistake.

Aquarium for beginners must be at least 70 liters. It is this volume of the underwater garden that makes it relatively easy to maintain biological balance in the home water reservoir and contain a variety of fish that attract children’s attention.

The optimal soil that can be laid in an aquarium is a small pebble. Such an approach will make it easier to adjust the gas exchange in the domestic pond. Most effectively looks dark tones.

Too bright bottom layer of the aquarium will hide the natural beauty of aquarium fish, for beginners to get involved in an aquarium of children, this will dramatically reduce the interest in underwater pets.

It is very good when the aquarium for beginners looks natural. Despite the fact that artificial plants facilitate the care of an aquarium, a natural underwater garden is preferable. Whether it is worth putting large shells of sea rapans as decorative elements in a freshwater aquarium, decide for yourself.

But, of course, if you care about the development of good taste in a child, there is no question about letting bubbles of miniature scuba divers!

Aquarium can wonderfully decorate the terraces of stones and specially prepared snags.

Aquatic plants – an important element of the aquarium. They saturate the water with oxygen and give shelter to small aquarium fish from the encroachments of too annoying neighbors. Such unpretentious plants as Wallisneria, Bacopa, Canadian, Indian Fern and Hornpole look impressively.

These relatively large plants are best placed in the background.

Foreground should take smaller plants. In the aquarium for beginners, Javanese moss, dwarf anubias, arrowhead and some cryptocorynes will feel well.

The perfect solution for the top layer will be Richie.

When planning an underwater garden, it should be remembered that aquarium fish need free space for swimming. For beginners, it is very important to learn how to properly balance the space of the aquarium.

Aquarist must learn the rules of care for the aquarium. It is necessary to draw up a schedule for cleaning the underwater garden and plan a water change mode.

Before you populate the aquarium, find out what food your pet will need and how much should be given.

Teach your child to take care of those for whom he took responsibility. Small aquarium fish will not only bring beauty into the house, but also make your children more humane.

Therefore, if a child asks for an aquarium, do not deny him this gift.

Tips for beginners to care for aquarium and fish

Breeding and caring for fish and an aquarium at home is of great interest to both amateurs and professionals. The army of aquarium fans is constantly replenishing its ranks: beginners are attracted by the aesthetic satisfaction of contemplating the picture of the water world.

Creating your own underwater garden in miniature seems to be an easy and fun process, because the specifics and fish care for beginners is often a secret behind seven seals. In order not to suffer a fiasco, it is worth exploring some tips. Then the creation and maintenance of beauty, care for aquarium fish will be a favorite hobby that brings pleasure with minimal financial and time costs.

The equipment necessary for operation includes the already known heater, as well as a device for measuring temperature, a filter and an aerator. Filters are chosen in accordance with the volumes of the home “pool”.

Filters require care, so once every three weeks they are washed outside with water and they pull out the sponge of the internal filter and clean it of dirt. There are coal (it is replaced every month), or primary cleaning (white material is replaced every two weeks).

Lighting is usually mounted in a protective top cover. If it was not sold along with the aquarium, be sure to pick up the lid so that the water does not evaporate and the particularly frisky fish will not jump out. The lamp should be chosen in proportion to the size of the tank, at the rate of 0.5W per liter.

Usually the lights are turned off at night, although there are some types of fish that need additional lighting at this time of day.

Soil plays an important role in the formation of the aquarium ecosystem – all biochemical processes occur. You can buy ready-made options in the pet store, you can use sand, pebbles, glass beads. In the second case, thorough disinfection and boiling are required, and in the first case, abundant washing is sufficient.

Get a siphon to handle the soil in your “pond”.

See how to clean the aquarium yourself.

The water must be separated: the required amount is poured into a clean tank, left for a couple of days, and then it is filled with an aquarium. For water, parameters such as hardness, acidity, temperature are important, which are determined for each species separately and are constantly maintained either by heating devices or special products that can be purchased along with fish. Caring for aquarium fish requires constant water changes.

Do it either manually or with a special pump.

Fish for beginners better to choose from unpretentious species. Perfectly suitable small schooling species (scalarii, guppies, barbs, danios), catfish. The choice depends on compatibility (it is impossible to settle even one predatory specimen together with peace-loving, for example, gourami).

The inhabitants of the aquarium should also combine the same preferences in acidity and water hardness.

In feeding, they follow a strict regimen: once a day, just as much as they can eat in 5-10 minutes. Fish do not feel the measures in food, therefore they are prone to overeating, which means – to the pollution of the aquatic environment.

Caring for aquarium fish involves monitoring their condition. If they become lethargic, change their color, then they are probably sick.

These basic tips for beginners in the maintenance of an aquarium will help you to equip it with love, so that it becomes an ornament of your apartment, a picture from which it is impossible to look away!

Caring for an aquarium is like cleaning the house, the same simple rules for staying healthy and clean and regular. In this article you will learn how to properly care for a home aquarium, what important things there are and how often to do it. Why do you need to siphon the ground?

What cleaners can I use? How to wash the sponge filter?

Why and how to change the water in the aquarium? You will find answers to these and other questions.

None It is very important to wash the filter with water alone.

And it is also important that the water was from the aquarium. Tap water contains chlorine, which kills harmful bacteria in the water.

But he does not know how to understand and also kills the beneficial bacteria living in the internal filter.

Separated water can be used. But here again, another water with a different hardness, acidity and temperature, and it can affect the colony of bacteria.
So the best method is to draw water from the aquarium and rinse the filter and its contents in that water.

Ideally, even the container in which it is washed should be used only for the needs of the aquarium, if you wash floors from it, then the chance that the chemistry will remain in the container is quite substantial.
And it is important not to wash everything to shine, just rinse well.

Despite the fact that some aquarists do not substitute water for years and say that they have everything ok, regular water changes are vital for an aquarium.
The amount of water that is worth changing varies from the conditions in your tank, but on average 10-20% per week is a normal amount for any tropical aquarium. Herbal plants or densely planted aquariums need a 10-15% change every two weeks.

The main task of the substitution is the removal of nitrates and ammonia, and the recovery of mineral balance. Without a water change, your aquarium will look good for a while, but only due to the fact that negative factors gradually accumulate.

For a long time, nitrates will accumulate, and the water becomes more and more acidic. But once the balance is broken and the aquarium will turn into a swamp.

In order to replace the water, it must first be prepared. Water from the tap contains chlorine, metals, and is different in temperature and cannot be immediately poured.

To get rid of chlorine, you can go two ways. Purchase a water conditioner that binds chlorine and metals and just defend it for two days.
In addition, the settled water will be compared with the temperature of your house and will be much more suitable for use.

Such simple ways to care for the aquarium will help you keep it clean and beautiful for a long time. Do not be lazy and your aquarium will be a pearl in your house.

Deciding what kind of fish to start first in your tank can be sudden, and can be thought out. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely without understanding the fish.

And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems. You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice.

Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.

And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best fish for beginning aquarists and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livability and modest size.

We hope that it will help make your choice easier!

Of course this is not a complete list, and after thinking it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint beginner aquarists.

Beginners, I recommend first to learn all about the fish that you liked, and choose first of all hardy, easy-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.

A series of messages “aquarium”:
Part 1 – Oceanarium in St. Petersburg
Part 2 – Soil for the aquarium
Part 17 – Snail – the most unpretentious pet
Part 18 – How beautiful to arrange an aquarium!
Part 19 – Top 10 fish for a beginner aquarist

Danio rerio is a small (up to 5-6 cm), elegant fish. For its small size, peaceful disposition and unpretentiousness, it has earned great popularity in aquarium.

Since this is a schooling fish, it is better to keep at least 5-6 individuals. The aquarium can be planted with plants, but it is important that the danios have free space for swimming near the surface, as this is a very mobile fish. If you are going to have a veil form, do not plant them with fish that can tear off fins, for example, with a Sumatran barbus.

The aquarium should be covered, as danios can jump out of the water.

Omnivorous, they eat any kind of feed – branded, live, frozen. It is better to feed them with flakes, as they pick up food from the surface of the water and they don’t collect them for a long time without sinking.

It is very easy to breed danios, for once the female lays from 200 to 500 eggs.

Fishes belong to the same genus – labyrinth. These fish live in water that is poor in oxygen and adapted to this by learning to breathe oxygen from the surface. You will see how they rise to it, that would take another breath of air.

Small, peaceful, males are very brightly colored, and their ventral fins have turned into long processes. You can feed any feed, including floating.

Only give the moth with care and a little, it is poorly digested.

Already after the publication of the article, my readers corrected. The essence – liliaus can be difficult for beginners (he is just a little flaky and jealous of females).

I agree, and add that there is another wonderful fish of the same kind – gourami. There are many types, but for beginners a good choice would be marble gourami.

Very hardy, peaceful, of unusual shape and color. It is generally similar to lyalius, but larger and less demanding.

So you can stop at this gorgeous fish, and start up a little later.

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