Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Apistogramma Borelli (Apistogramma borellii) – content, breeding

Apistogramma Borelli (Apistogramma borellii) – content, breeding

Aporetogram Borelli (Apistogramma borellii) Regan, 1906, beautiful dwarf cichlids from the Amazon.

Southern Brazil, Paraguay and Northern Argentina. In the streams and tributaries of the Rio Paraguay and the lower basin of the Rio Paraná.

It is now generally accepted that it is more widespread in most of the rivers of Paraguay, the lower reaches of the Paraná and Uruguay rivers in southern Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay.

Borelli apistograms live in shallow water, where they live under protective vegetation cover.

In very heavily overgrown areas, fish can be found at a depth of up to 50 cm. The water temperature and the pH value vary considerably in different seasons.

Usually oval body shape, which is compressed from the sides; dorsal and anal fins elongated, with long pectoral fins.

Borellii apistogram is a polychrome species. That is, they are found in different colors, and in many cases one population will have several different options.

There are many color forms in the wild, some of which are especially colorful.

Some individual males with bright red strokes on their heads look truly breathtaking. Sometimes these color variations are given commercial names, including the general Apistogram and the special “Opal / Opal” or “Yellowhead / Yellowhead”.

Standard male length: 6.5 cm and females: 5 cm.

Keep one male with several females, as they are polygamous. These fish are among the most soothing dwarf cichlids.

They are beautiful in the aquarium and, as a rule, quite peaceful. The Borelli apistogram is best kept from a similar size, peaceful, and small-sized calligate or loricarid catfish, or together with other dwarf cichlids of the same size and temperament.

The basic dimensions of about 45 * 30 cm are suitable for one pair, the group needs much more space.

This look is unassuming, in a decor useful additions in the form of ceramic pots and tubes are preferable. A more natural look to the aquarium can give a soft sandy substrate with natural snags, roots and branches placed in such a way that a lot of secluded, shaded places and caves are formed.

Adding dried leaves (beech, oak, almond, and so on) will further enhance the natural look. Decomposition produces beneficial colonies of bacteria, they can serve as a valuable secondary source of food for fry, while tannins and other chemicals model naturalistic conditions. Leaves can be left in the aquarium to be completely decomposed or removed and replaced every few weeks.

Peat can also be added.

A rather dim lighting and suitable types of aquarium plants are recommended, better, such as the Thai Fern (Microsorum), Javanese Moss (Taxiphyllum), Cryptocoryne and Anubiase, as they will grow in such conditions. A bit of floating vegetation so that the light is diffused even more.

Filtration and flow of water should not be very strong and it is better to avoid abrupt changes in water parameters, replacement of 10-15% per week is a normal condition.

This species is sensitive to poor water quality and is very sensitive to nitrates, but tolerates / adapts to most of the basic water parameters.

Temperature: 20 – 27 ° C

pH: Commercially bred fish are relatively unassuming, wild populations were caught in habitats with an acidity in the range 5.0 – 8.0.

Stiffness: Mild and Medium: DGH range 5.0 – 19.0.

Borelli apistograms live in a wide range of natural habitats, and water parameters in these places vary greatly. This shows that Borelli can adapt to a wide range of water conditions – from pH 5 to pH 8, and hardness from 1 to 15 °.

However, they prefer cool, soft water and are very sensitive to water quality.

The Borelli apistogram is primarily carnivorous and apparently, in nature, feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates.

Frozen food such as artemia, daphnia, tubule and bloodworm should be in the diet on a regular basis, although most will also accept high-quality dry food.

Males are larger, more colorful and have more elongated fins than females.

Females, more yellowish in comparison with males, they will become even more bright yellow when ready for spawning. The female will also have a more rounded body when she spawns.

Spawning substrate in which caviar is usually deposited is crevices or voids in the decor, pots and tubes. The female protects and cares for the offspring and in small aquariums it may be necessary to remove the male, since she can become very aggressive.

A 10 liter aquarium is sufficient for breeding. The temperature will need to be raised slightly (up to 27 ° C) to stimulate the spawning process. The pair selected for breeding should be fed a variety of live / frozen food twice a day.

The pH should be acidic (from 5.5 to 6.0), and the water should be very soft. Distillate or reverse osmosis is recommended for breeding these fish.

To stimulate spawning, the aquarium needs a large number of plants (moss, floating and rooting plants), flower pots (at least one shelter per female) and snags.

The Borelli Apistogram females usually lay 40 to 70 eggs in a well-hidden shelter (hence the need for numerous caves), the female attaches the eggs to the shelter ceiling, where they are later fertilized. Caviar development from 2 to 4 days (depending on temperature).

After a week, the female will start breeding fry in search of food.

Borelli females demonstrate fantastic care for the offspring and will protect the fry from fish much larger than herself, including from her partner. The intensity of the protection will increase if the danger is nearby. If there is a threat that the female cannot provide protection, then she demonstrates this with her body, which is a sign for fry that there is a danger.

Having received this signal, the whole brood falls to the substrate and lies motionless until the threat disappears.

О admin

x

Check Also

Black Barbus (Puntius nigrofasciatus) – content, breeding

Black Barbus (Pethia nigrofasciata / Puntius / Barbus nigrofasciatus) Gunther / Gunter, 1868, introduced to ...

Blades (Gasteropelecidae) – types, content, breeding

Blades – family Wedge Brute (Gasteropelecidae) The family Gasteropeletsid includes three genera: Carnigiela (Carnegiella), Gasteropelekusov ...

Neon black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) – content, breeding

Neon Black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) first appeared in European aquariums in 1961, in domestic – in ...

Tetra Amanda (Hyphessobrycon amandae) – content, breeding

Tetra Amanda (Hyphessobrycon amandae) GÉRY UJ, 1987. Hifessobrikon: from ancient Greek (hyphesson), which means “smaller ...

Aterina Ladigezi (Marosatherina ladigesi) – content, breeding

Aterina Ladigezi, Sunshine or Telmatherin Ladigez is a small but spectacular fish with an attractive ...

Bolivian butterfly (Microgeophagus altispinosa) – keeping, breeding

There are many names of synonyms: Altispinoza Apistogram, Bolivian papiliochromis, Chromis Butterfly, Bolivian Apistogram. The ...

Wedge specks – types, description, content, breeding

Wedge specksRod Trigonostigma These fish are easily identified by their high, flattened laterally torso and ...

Platydoras striped (Platydoras armatulus) – content, breeding

Platydoras striped (Platydoras armatulus) Valenciennes in cuvier Valenciennes, 1840 Platydoras: Platys = wide; doras = ...

Tetra Diamond (Moenkhausia pittieri) – content, breeding

Diamond Tetra (Moenkhausia pittieri) Eigenmann, 1920. Tetra Brillintovaya or Almaznaya is one of the most ...

Iris Turquoise (Melanotaenia lacustris) – content, breeding

Iridescent Turquoise or Lake (Melanotaenia lacustris) Munro, 1964. Iridescent Turquoise is considered the most beautiful ...

Botia dario (Botia dario) – description, content, breeding

Botia Dario (Botia dario) HAMILTON, 1822. Botsiya Dario – a very bright and beautiful fish ...

Coliseum striped (Colisa fasciata) – content, breeding

Coliseum striped (Colisa fasciata) The coliza of the Belontev family is striped with a variety ...

Polypterus Senegalese (Polypterus senegalus) – content, breeding

Polypterus Senegalese (Polypterus senegalus) – one of the most unusual freshwater fish. It is not ...

Tetra Kerry (Inpaichthys kerri) – content, breeding

Kerry or False Royal Tetra (Inpaichthys kerri) Gery Junk, 1977 Other names: Tetra Kerry, Violet ...

Dario dario (Dario dario) – description, content, breeding

Dario Dario (Dario dario / Scarlet Badis) Hamilton, 1822 Other names: Badis Scarlet, Badis Red, ...

Botsiya dwarf (Yunnanilus cruciatus) – content, breeding

Botsiya dwarf striped (Yunnanilus cruciatus) Striped was first described in 1944. Names are synonyms: Yunnanilus ...

Adolf’s Corridor (Corydoras adolfoi) – content, breeding

Adolphus Corridor (Corydoras adolfoi) Burgess, 1982 Adolf’s Corridor is a very elegant catfish, described only ...

Popondetta furcata (Pseudomugil furcatus) – content, breeding

Popondetta blue-eyed or Popondetta furcata (Pseudomugil furcatus) Popondetta furcata of the melanoteny family lives in ...

Tetra Kitty (Hyphessobrycon heliacus) – content, breeding

Tetra Kitty (Hyphessobrycon heliacus) described by ichthyologists in 2002. Tetra Kitty, Hifessobrikon Heliacus, Tetra Heliacus ...

Koridoras Rabauti (Corydoras rabauti) – content, breeding

Rabidy Corridor (Corydoras rabauti) Rabauti Corridor is a very active, friendly and curious fish that ...

Marble Botion (Botia lohachata) – content, breeding

Botsiya marble (Botia lohachata) It became known to aquarists in 1912, and only got to ...

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) – content, breeding

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) Habitat: The Similis Corridor is found in nature in the Madeira ...

Pseudomugil Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) – content, breeding

Blue-eyed spotted Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) WEBER 1911 Detachment: Atheriform (Atheriniformes).Family: Iris (Melanotaeniidae). Genus: Pseudomugil (Pseudomugilidae). ...

Tetra Congo (Phenacogrammus interruptus) – content, breeding

Congo tetra (Phenacogrammus interruptus) Boulenger, 1899 Congo tetra – this is amazingly beautiful, active, peaceful, ...