Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Apistogram of cockatoo (Apistogramma cacatuoides) – content, breeding

Apistogram of cockatoo (Apistogramma cacatuoides) – content, breeding

Apistogram of the cockatoo (Apistogramma cacatuoides) is one of the most popular in aquarium dwarf cichlids.

A very beautiful and bright fish with many color variations is so named for the peculiar structure of the dorsal fin, resembling a cockatoo parrot.

Originally from South America. It inhabits shallow calm rivers, bays, streams and bays of rivers located in the tropical forests of Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil.

Keep close to natural shelters of roots, stones and plants in areas with a soft bottom.

Powerful elongated body slightly flattened on the sides. The color varies from gray-yellow to brown with a blue tint on the sides.

The back is olive, the belly is yellowish-orange. The longitudinal dark stripe stretches from the snout to the caudal fin, where it ends in a dark spot with a white edging.

In some individuals, this strip is not solid, but consisting of individual specks. Dark spots scattered along the back, capturing part of the dorsal fin.

All fins except the dorsal greenish shade, with a scattering of light and dark spots. Dorsal greenish-orange, sometimes with a red tinge, the first rays are dark.

There are individuals with yellow or orange anal and pelvic fins.

The color scale of the fish is very wide, but in most species there are blood-red spots on the tail fin. Derived various breeding forms.

Characteristic features of the species are the unusual shape of the dorsal fin and the massive mandible projecting forward.

As a rule, the length of males does not exceed 8 cm, and females 6 cm.

For a couple, you will need a capacity of 50 liters, but it is better to have a male with several females. For a flock, a minimum capacity of 100 liters is required. Loves shelters of stones, koryag, caves, grottoes, as well as dense thickets of plants.

The soil is needed soft, as the fish are kept at the bottom, constantly dig in it.

Temperature: optimal 25 – 27 ° C (upper and lower limit 22-30 ° C);
pH: 6.5-7.5;
Stiffness: 5 – 12 ° GH.

Effective filtration with aeration and regular water changes are required. Fish are very susceptible to nitrates.

In addition to the spawning period, they are not aggressive and may be contained with species of similar size. In exceptional cases, large males attack small fish.

Predatory fish and in nature feed on invertebrates and insect larvae. In the aquarium, they take any food, but preference is given to live and ice cream: mosquito larvae, crank and chopper, pipe worker, daphnia.

Kakadu is a little phlegmatic and not very agile, so you need to make sure that they are not pushed back from the trough by more active and large fish.

Males are larger, and their color is more contrast and brighter, the rays on the caudal and dorsal fins are more elongated and sharp than those of females, which also have no red spots on the tail. The tail fin of males is strongly concave, abdominal elongated.

Females are able to change their grayish-yellow color to bright lemon with longitudinal black stripes during the period of caviar care.

They are able to spawn both in general and in a separate spawning tank.

For a pair of fish requires spawning from 15 liters with soil, several plants and a large number of different shelters (clay pots, stone caves, grottoes). Before spawning, the temperature first decreases to 23 ° C, and then gradually increases by 4-5 ° C over a period of two days. Aeration and replacement of 1/5 of water is necessary, preferably with peat.

Water parameters for reproduction: 25-28 ° C, dH 3-10, pH 5-7.

The female spawns inside the shelter she has chosen, and then cares for her. The duties of the male include the protection of the territory.

The performance of the female is 80-100 eggs.

The incubation period is 2-3 days. On the 4-5th day, the hatched fry swim and feed on rotifers, ciliates, nauplii of Artemia.

At reproduction of this apistogram it is important to carry out selection among the fry. Otherwise, after several generations, the fish will degenerate and lose their vivid colors inherent in the mind.

О admin

x

Check Also

Black Barbus (Puntius nigrofasciatus) – content, breeding

Black Barbus (Pethia nigrofasciata / Puntius / Barbus nigrofasciatus) Gunther / Gunter, 1868, introduced to ...

Blades (Gasteropelecidae) – types, content, breeding

Blades – family Wedge Brute (Gasteropelecidae) The family Gasteropeletsid includes three genera: Carnigiela (Carnegiella), Gasteropelekusov ...

Neon black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) – content, breeding

Neon Black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) first appeared in European aquariums in 1961, in domestic – in ...

Tetra Amanda (Hyphessobrycon amandae) – content, breeding

Tetra Amanda (Hyphessobrycon amandae) GÉRY UJ, 1987. Hifessobrikon: from ancient Greek (hyphesson), which means “smaller ...

Aterina Ladigezi (Marosatherina ladigesi) – content, breeding

Aterina Ladigezi, Sunshine or Telmatherin Ladigez is a small but spectacular fish with an attractive ...

Bolivian butterfly (Microgeophagus altispinosa) – keeping, breeding

There are many names of synonyms: Altispinoza Apistogram, Bolivian papiliochromis, Chromis Butterfly, Bolivian Apistogram. The ...

Wedge specks – types, description, content, breeding

Wedge specksRod Trigonostigma These fish are easily identified by their high, flattened laterally torso and ...

Platydoras striped (Platydoras armatulus) – content, breeding

Platydoras striped (Platydoras armatulus) Valenciennes in cuvier Valenciennes, 1840 Platydoras: Platys = wide; doras = ...

Tetra Diamond (Moenkhausia pittieri) – content, breeding

Diamond Tetra (Moenkhausia pittieri) Eigenmann, 1920. Tetra Brillintovaya or Almaznaya is one of the most ...

Iris Turquoise (Melanotaenia lacustris) – content, breeding

Iridescent Turquoise or Lake (Melanotaenia lacustris) Munro, 1964. Iridescent Turquoise is considered the most beautiful ...

Botia dario (Botia dario) – description, content, breeding

Botia Dario (Botia dario) HAMILTON, 1822. Botsiya Dario – a very bright and beautiful fish ...

Coliseum striped (Colisa fasciata) – content, breeding

Coliseum striped (Colisa fasciata) The coliza of the Belontev family is striped with a variety ...

Polypterus Senegalese (Polypterus senegalus) – content, breeding

Polypterus Senegalese (Polypterus senegalus) – one of the most unusual freshwater fish. It is not ...

Tetra Kerry (Inpaichthys kerri) – content, breeding

Kerry or False Royal Tetra (Inpaichthys kerri) Gery Junk, 1977 Other names: Tetra Kerry, Violet ...

Dario dario (Dario dario) – description, content, breeding

Dario Dario (Dario dario / Scarlet Badis) Hamilton, 1822 Other names: Badis Scarlet, Badis Red, ...

Botsiya dwarf (Yunnanilus cruciatus) – content, breeding

Botsiya dwarf striped (Yunnanilus cruciatus) Striped was first described in 1944. Names are synonyms: Yunnanilus ...

Adolf’s Corridor (Corydoras adolfoi) – content, breeding

Adolphus Corridor (Corydoras adolfoi) Burgess, 1982 Adolf’s Corridor is a very elegant catfish, described only ...

Popondetta furcata (Pseudomugil furcatus) – content, breeding

Popondetta blue-eyed or Popondetta furcata (Pseudomugil furcatus) Popondetta furcata of the melanoteny family lives in ...

Tetra Kitty (Hyphessobrycon heliacus) – content, breeding

Tetra Kitty (Hyphessobrycon heliacus) described by ichthyologists in 2002. Tetra Kitty, Hifessobrikon Heliacus, Tetra Heliacus ...

Koridoras Rabauti (Corydoras rabauti) – content, breeding

Rabidy Corridor (Corydoras rabauti) Rabauti Corridor is a very active, friendly and curious fish that ...

Marble Botion (Botia lohachata) – content, breeding

Botsiya marble (Botia lohachata) It became known to aquarists in 1912, and only got to ...

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) – content, breeding

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) Habitat: The Similis Corridor is found in nature in the Madeira ...

Pseudomugil Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) – content, breeding

Blue-eyed spotted Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) WEBER 1911 Detachment: Atheriform (Atheriniformes).Family: Iris (Melanotaeniidae). Genus: Pseudomugil (Pseudomugilidae). ...

Tetra Congo (Phenacogrammus interruptus) – content, breeding

Congo tetra (Phenacogrammus interruptus) Boulenger, 1899 Congo tetra – this is amazingly beautiful, active, peaceful, ...