Hello colleagues! The Panduro Apistogram is another representative of the Cichl family, whose habitat is the Ucayali and Amazon rivers, which flow through Peru. The hero of today’s article is also found in the same places where another Cichl representative lives – Niissen’s Apistogram.
These two fish have their habitat in the western part of the Amazon River. Panduro came to Europe in 1996.
Apandhogram Panduro is considered one of the most beautiful exotic fish, characterized by small size. The body of the fish is elongated, on the head there is a curved line of black color, which is located in the eye area.
The fish is painted yellow and there is a bluish outflow in the light. This ebb is clearly visible in males. In length, the fish grows to 8 centimeters, and females no more than 5 centimeters.
The male from the female can be distinguished by the elongated third and seventh rays of the dorsal fin. They are slightly similar not a wonderful tuft. In addition, the males have a dark spot on the tail stem.
Sometimes there are males who have this orange spot. This option is more interesting.
In females, this spot occurs, but extremely rarely. An adult male has a bluish-turquoise color.
Mature females immediately behind the pectoral fin have a black vertical spot. Adult females differ in the presence of two or three black spots on the body of the fish. But not all females have such spots.
The males do not have such spots at all. The front rays on the ventral and dorsal fins are black.
Panduro’s apistogram in aquarium conditions lives no more than three years.
Panduro is considered a peace-loving fish, which easily gets along with representatives of other species. But you can often observe intraspecific aggression. In addition, Pandurini may show aggression towards apistograms of other species of similar color.
Like all representatives of the Cichlidae, there is a clear hierarchy in the schools of these fish. Various peace-loving small fishes (red neons, terntions, mollies, antsistrusy, swordtails) are suitable as neighbors.
In small aquariums more than two individuals of this species should not be placed. For successful maintenance, you must acquire a minimum of 100-liter aquarium.
Each female should have shelter in the area. As the original shelter you can use coconuts, aquarium plants, various pots and shards, as well as snags. The main thing is that the decor elements do not change the rigidity and acidity of the aquarium water.
In the aquarium, you can plant any aquarium plants (ambulia, elodeyu, hornolistnik, ludvigiyu, alternanteru), as the fish do not touch them. The water in the aquarium should have the following parameters:
- water temperature: 24-25 degrees;
- stiffness not more than 15 °;
- acidity: 5.0-7.5 pH.
Panduro’s apistogram is very demanding on the quality of the water, so there should be good filtration and aeration in the aquarium. And just do not forget about the weekly change in the amount of ½-¼ volume.
In food, the fish is not picky and can eat a variety of high-quality food. It can be ice cream, live and pelleted feed. Transfer the fish to a different type of food is best phased.
Consider that live food is a stimulant to spawn. In addition, small shrimps can be added to food, the size of which should not exceed 1.5 centimeters.
The Apistogram of Panduro has a strong bond between the female and the male. As a rule, the fish spawn in caves and other similar shelters.
The female attaches caviar to the upper wall of the improvised shelter, after which it jealously guards the future offspring. Sometimes after spawning, the female attacks the male, so if such is noticed, then it is better to set the male in another tank.
The size of the apistogram fry is relatively smaller than other members of this family. Spawning should meet the following parameters:
- water hardness: not more than 5 °;
- acidity: pH 5.0-6.0;
- temperature: 23-28 degrees.
Sometimes peat extract and beech leaves are added to the spawn, which provides a good spawning, as they contain a lot of humic acids, which seem to have a favorable effect on the development of caviar. The incubation period of caviar is about a week, at the end of which the fry independently swim and feed.
You can feed the fry with infusoria and further artemia.