maintenance, care, compatibility
In the overgrown reservoirs of South America with dense plants, a small fish was born and gradually acquired a rather fanciful shape. The unusual inhabitant gradually became a real decoration of the reservoirs, therefore she got a beautiful name: “angelfish”, which translates as winged leaf.
In Europe, the little angelfish was called “angel”, while also becoming quite popular as an inhabitant of aquariums among Europeans. Such fame of these fish is explained not only by the exotic shape and color.
It is known that most aquarium fish do not live long: no more than two years, however, an angelfish is considered to be a long-lived, living in aquariums up to 10 years (with special care this period can last up to 20 years). The life span of an angelfish directly depends on the aquarist and his professionalism.
Despite the fact that this fish belongs to non-hazardous species, it also requires proper care and a qualified approach to creating habitat conditions. Aquarists should not forget that this exotic baby comes from the southern continent and is used to living in an environment with dense vegetation.
Therefore, the first condition contributing to an increase in the life span of the angelfish in an aquarium is their content in a properly organized habitat.
It is easy to care for these fish, the main thing is to observe a number of conditions for their comfortable stay in the aquarium:
- saturation of the underwater environment with the necessary flora to create conditions close to natural ones;
- organization of proper nutrition in compliance with the basic principles and dosage regimen;
- the optimal neighborhood of a small scalar with other inhabitants of the aquarium world.
How many other representatives in the aquarium will depend on the volume of the water basin.
The scalar feels perfectly in the dense thickets of underwater flora, as its flat body allows it to easily move between plants. However, we should not forget that the empty space of this motley baby is vital, especially if the owner wants to grow a scalar of a larger size.
Under normal conditions, this aquarium fish grows in length up to 15 centimeters, while maintaining the potential to achieve a 26-centimeter length. Those who are interested in large scalars should take care that the aquarium is large enough – up to 100 liters.
At the same time, the height of this water house should be about 50 centimeters.
An important role in creating comfort for the angelfish has a water temperature in the aquarium. In principle, it is considered acceptable within a considerable range, however, for a comfortable state, the scalars need a water temperature of 22 to 26 degrees.
At the same time, experienced aquarists are confident that these fish feel good when the temperature in the aquarium drops to 18 degrees, and even for some time they live without problems in an aquatic environment with such a temperature index.
The maintenance of such fish provides not only the creation of habitat, timely care and cleaning of the aquarium itself, but also the organization of proper nutrition of fish.
Angelfish has the glory of undemanding and unpretentious fish. Besides the fact that it does not impose excessive demands on the creation of habitat on its owner, it is also completely picky in nutrition.
The solution to the problem, than to feed the scalar, as a rule, does not cause difficulties: this fish willingly eats both dry food and live food. In order to correctly determine the appropriate feed for scalar, it is worth remembering the specifics of the body of the fish. Since her body has a flat shape, it is difficult for her to get food from the bottom, therefore, the most suitable for scalar is such a food that stays on the surface of the water for a long time.
Approaches to the choice of live food are standard – this fish eats without damage to the health and bloodworms, and the pipe worker, and any other live food. Some experts prefer to feed these fish crushed seafood: shrimp, mussel meat.
It is recommended to observe the feeding regime of the angelfish the same as for most other aquarium fish: 2-3 times a day. At the same time, proper care of the fish in the aquarium provides one unloading day per week: on this day, the fish are not fed.
It is not recommended to give feed to scalars more than three times a day, as this will inevitably lead to obesity. Feed should be given as much as the fish eat, without increasing the dosage, as not eaten feed will pollute the water in the aquarium.
Among experienced aquarists there is a perception that the angelfish is quite a peaceable inhabitant of the aquarium. However, her love of peace has boundaries: getting on with other inhabitants is that the scalar occupies a certain area in the aquarium and tries to chase away the rest of the aquatic inhabitants. For this colorful fish, it is advisable to organize in the aquarium several special zones:
- In different corners of the aquarium is to plant several plants with wide leaves. Such a technique will significantly reduce the level of conflict in the water monastery.
- The interior of the aquarium is complemented by mini-caves, large stones, and snags. This will allow the scalars to find shelter without harming the other inhabitants.
- The central part of the aquarium should be left as free as possible to create conditions for the free movement of fish.
- Colorful fish are quite shy: they are frightened by bright light, sharp flashes, therefore it is advisable to distribute the plants floating on the surface through the aquarium. This will create an additional blackout effect, making the fish content more comfortable.
Most often, the angelfish takes a place near the trough, and therefore drives away from her all the fish that are smaller in size, and can even eat very small ones. The angelfish and big fish live together quite peacefully, as the motley baby cannot drive them away from the feeder, and therefore does not conflict with them.
It is advisable to breed a lot of angelfish in one aquarium, which very quickly break up into pairs and begin to “redistribute” the area near the feeder. While they are “dividing the territory”, the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium have unhindered access to the feeder.
Angelfish: content, compatibility, care, breeding, species, photo-video review
SCALARIES content, compatibility, care, reproduction, species, photo-video review In my opinion, Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) are among the most beautiful aquarium fish.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Their mannerism and affinity with the elite Discus, give an aristocratic polish that is unique to them. Aquarists have known these aquarium fishes for more than 100 years and during this time they have earned recognition and respect.
In addition to these advantages, scalarians have well-developed intellect, are not capricious in content, and are caring parents.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6-7.5.
Stiffness dH: up to 10 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive.
Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and apistograms, other non-aggressive chichlades.
Not compatible with: neon, guppies (they will be eaten sooner or later), goldfish (they are pigs, they have a different feeding regime, nervous goldfish and scalars are chasing and plucking them), discus, too, though relatives, but in my opinion not the best neighbors – discus Dear, love warm water, they grow into large fish, capricious. In general, I am in favor of keeping the discus separately in a species aquarium.
See the article – compatibility of aquarium fish.
How many live: Angelfish are long-lived aquarium and can live for more than 10 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!