maintenance, care, compatibility
Ancistrus: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review of catfish suckers, adhesives
Antsistrusy – this is the most popular catfish of the aquarium world! They are known and contain everything, both beginners and pros.
The ancistrus deserved such attention due to its qualities: they are referred to as “aquarium attendants”, they are unpretentious in content, are uncommon in behavior, and, of course, the structure of the mouth-sucker markedly distinguishes them among many other som-like fish.
At the same time, these fish can hardly be called handsome! A strange mouth, some warty growths on the face, dark coloring, and, as a rule, they often hide in snags and grottoes … like twilight! What is so attracted to aquariums around the world to these fish?
I think the answer will give a full story about them! So, the Latin name: Ancistrus dolichopterus (Ancistrus ordinary); Russian name: Ancistrus, catfish stuck, catfish sucker, catfish cleaner, antsitrus;
Order, suborder, family: capes, cat-shaped, chain-mail or Loricariid catfish (Cypriniformes, Siluroidei, Loricariidae). Given the fact that many are confused in the classification of fish, and on the Internet you can often find unreliable information, it should be said that Loricaria and Mail – It is the same.
The family of Mail Som in Latin will be Loricariidae – these are antsistrusy, pterigoplichty, loricaria, sturisomes, farlovellas, hypoptomes, ototsinklyusy and others. It is often written that the ancistrus is an armored soma, but this is not true.
Crabfish Callichthyidae are corridors, dinemas, brochises, thoracatums, etc.
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° С (for manufacturers 20-26 ° С);
Ph acidity: 6-7,5 (for manufacturers up to 10 °, KN up to 2 °);
Stiffness dH: up to 20 ° (for manufacturers 6-7,3);
Aggressiveness: relatively non-aggressive (20%);
The complexity of the content of antsistrusov: easy;
Antsistrus compatibility: These catfish can be maintained with virtually all types of aquarium fish, in fact they are peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium bottom. However, to say that antsistrus absolutely harmless fish can not be! Yes, everywhere – in the articles of the Runet they write that these somas behave like “God’s dandelions”, but on aqua. The forums can often find information that antsistrusy chase fish, stick to them and even spoil the skin … And it’s true!
Therefore, it is undesirable to keep them with slow and cumbersome fish, for example, with the family of Goldfish. Also, from personal experience, I can say that it is impossible to keep them with scaleless fish, for example, with bag-tailed catfish, such fish, antsistrusy can inflict serious wounds with their “passionate kisses”. Not compatible with: large, aggressive and territorial cichlids, especially during the spawning period.
Read more about fish compatibility. HERE!
How many live: with proper maintenance can live more than 7 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum volume of aquarium for antsistrusov: 80l is considered a normal aquarium for a pair of antsistrus, but many keep them in 50, and 30, and even 20l. aquariums. It is not correct, alas, in such conditions the fish will not live for a long time, will “drain” and die. About how much you can keep fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for care and maintenance: Antsistrusy unpretentious fish. Elementary adherence to the recommended parameters of water – the key to success in their content and even dilution.
These catfish suckers do not need personal and excessive attention, the only desirable element in the aquarium should be shelters: grottoes, caves, and especially snags or hemp. Aeration, filtration, weekly water change for fresh – are required.
In addition, in the aquarium it is desirable to set up correctly and sufficiently active flow of water, which will mimic the natural habitat of catfish.
Feeding and diet: Antsistrtsov, however, as well as other representatives of Loricaria are referred to phytophages, that is, to fish that feed on plant food. It is this feature of the catfish sucker that makes it an indispensable aquarium actor in the fight against algal fouling of the walls of the aquarium and decor. Due to its unique structure of the mouth, ancistrus scrape / scrape off any small plant formations.
Thus, we can say that antsistrusy are unpretentious in the diet and can get food on their own. However, this does not mean that an aquarist should not feed them.
The diet of antsistrus should be 70-80% vegetable feed and 20-30% protein foods. For complete feeding of catfish cleaners, you can buy special branded feed for loricarine catfish, as a rule, these are green tablets falling to the bottom. Also, many weekly feed their suckers with scalded fresh cucumber, lettuce, spinach, green peas, pumpkin and cabbage leaves.
Some aquarists, especially for Ancistrus, richly decorate the aquarium with snags and stumps, the Ancistrus gladly “gnaw” the slugs and constantly hang on them. And in the stumps, with good conditions of detention, they can even spontaneously and independently multiply.
Photo feeding antsistrusov
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Ancistrus habitat is the central and northern part of South America. Their biotope – rivers and streams with a fast current, lakes of tropical forests, swamps and ditches, some species inhabit mountain streams.
Description of Ancistrus:
Soma body elongated, head and front of the body flattened. From the dorsal fin the body is covered with bone plates, except the abdomen.
Ancistrus mouth – These are suckers with horny scrapers, with which they scrape food from the surface.
Dorsal large, flag-shaped, often pressed fish to the body. Thoracic, ventral and dorsal fin wide.
Cultivation and reproduction of acystrus
Antsitrus, male and female in the photo and their laying in coconut shell It is not any difficulty. Often it, under optimal conditions, can occur independently in the general aquarium.
For purposeful breeding of steam, the producers will be deposited in a shallow spawning aquarium – 40 l., Or if the spawning is a large 100-150 l. You can plant one male and two females. The spawning incentive is frequent water changes, abundant feeding, an increase in the amount of protein, live food, and an increase in water temperature.
To distinguish a male from a female is easy! Males on the head and along the edges have branched, developed leathery processes – tentacles, in the people they are called “antennae”.
In females, the antennae are located only at the edges of the head, poorly developed or not at all.
Producers must be the same size or the female must be larger than the male. Cases of killing of smaller females by male are noted.
The aquarium is equipped with pipes or long stumps, only in them the female will lay eggs. However, there have been cases when caviar is deposited in pots and just on a snag.
Nevertheless, plastic pipes are considered to be the best spawning substrate.
Spawning aquarium is filtered and aerated.
After the female has laid a laying of 30-100 eggs in the tube, the male takes all the care of the offspring. He expels the female and during the entire incubation period of ripening caviar fanning her with fins, creating a stream of water and oxygen access to the clutch, besides the male removes dead eggs.
It is not worth disturbing the male during this period, otherwise he may eat caviar in a “panic”. photo laying antsistrusov caviar
After about five days, little larvae emerge, which the caring male protects for a couple of days.
The hatched larvae hang and the actual does not move. They feed independently during this period – with the reserves of the yolk bladder, due to the exhaustion of which the larvae become fry and from this period they must be fed.
The aquarists feed the fry differently, who gives spirulina, who pushes the branded loricarium tablets, who immediately begins to give crushed cucumbers. The main thing in this matter is the small fraction of feed (dust) and the access of fry to it.
see also Antsistrus breeding – Forum aquarists.
Interesting about antsistrusah:
– it is completely unknown why male suckers need “whiskers” on the face. Ichthyologists suggested that the mustache is an imitation of larvae and juveniles.
Thus, the male shows the female, they say, see what kind of “I’m a good dad.” It is noticed that females prefer males with large whiskers)))
– when launching antsistrus into a good herbalist, you should always remember that when there is a lack of vegetable food, catfish can begin to feed on the leaves of plants and damage them. For prof.travnika better to use otsinklyusov and Siamese algae.
– There are an insane number of species of ancistrus, their classification is rather confused and complicated by the presence of breeding breeding forms. The most popular types of antsistrus are considered to be: gold, voilean (voilean leopard and other subspecies), red, dark, brown, pink, star-shaped, albino.
But what only cost numbered L-catfish, their number is simply amazing.
There are a lot of varieties of antsistrusov! Below is a description of the most popular species of this loricaric catfish.
As already mentioned, aquarium fish Antsistrus loves to eat, and needs a lot of food. The main diet is vegetable, well suited on the basis of spirulina, which are available in tablets. Tablets dissolve slowly in water and have an attractive odor for ancistrus ordinary.
You can also add vegetables, which will significantly expand their diet. Hungry antsistrusy eat slices of zucchini, cucumber mugs and lettuce leaves to the base. Also like broccoli and many other types of vegetables.
But do not forget to remove uneaten food residues in order to avoid water rotting!
If you expect to get offspring from their antsistrusov, you should feed them frozen feed. From the delicacy it is a bloodworm and coretre and they can ignore other types of live food.
Since the fish feed from the bottom, make sure that there is free access to the feed, otherwise they simply will not notice it.
The simplest solution for ensuring normal vital activity of antsistrus is to add a snag to the aquarium. And the digestive tract needs a leg for digestion of food.
And almost all kinds of catfish get it, scraping wood from the logs. A sufficient amount of kryag allow them to remain active and healthy.
Aquarium fish catfish Ancistrus – care and maintenance
The homeland of this familiar to all aquarium fish – the river of South America. It is also found in the tributaries of the Amazon.
In our country was introduced in the 70s of the twentieth century. Habitat – mountain rivers and streams, can live in swamps and lakes.
The elongated shape of the body makes it possible Antsistrus move along the bottom of the aquarium pretty quickly. On the wide and big head there is a mouth with wide lips and suckers. Horn-shaped suckers on the lips give the fish the opportunity to hold on to the walls of the aquarium, as well as cling to stones and snags.
On the face of the male there are still leathery processes. There is a flag-shaped fin on the back, and there is a small fatty fin. Ancistrus ordinary may have a yellow-gray or black color, his whole body is covered with light-colored dots.
Aquarists who are engaged in breeding fish, not so often use the name Ancistrus ordinary. Usually they call her catfish sticking.
One of the most popular catfish in decorative aquarism is Ancistrus ordinary, which reaches an optimal size of 13 cm under optimal conditions in a spacious aquarium. Today, Ancistrus is at the heart of aquarists boom for a reason: this typical inhabitant of the bottom layers of the can is quite unpretentious and peaceful.
The intricate forms of catfish delight not only amateurs, but also professional ichthyologists. Have you seen how antsistrus ordinary flexible?
For a portion of the plaque in the aquarium, he is ready to bend the body so that you wonder! Somics are tireless workers who, day and night, bring cleanliness “in the bank”.
Tellingly, they get along practically with any fish and are ready to adapt to water of different temperatures – from 22 to 28 degrees.
Many aquarists say with dignity that after the appearance of ancistrus in an aquarium, you can forget about scraper and cleaning the walls of the aquarium and decorations from algal fouling. The Antsistrus fish, whose mouthful sucker and its flattened body made it possible to better adapt to its habitat — rivers with the rapid flow of South America — is doing its best for this task.
In addition, they painstakingly eat the remnants of food from the bottom and deserve the title of universal cleaners of the aquarium.
Species diversity has several variations, differing, as a rule, features of color. Ancistrus ordinary – the most common inhabitant of aquariums.
This tricky “crocodile” is activated with the onset of twilight. We combine this “beast” with almost all tropical fish and loves to “nibble” a snag: wood is its desired delicacy.
This is worth remembering if you want to contain antsistrusov. In nature, such a fish can grow up to 15 cm, and in an aquarium it is good if it reaches 10-12 cm. The color is usually dark gray with light specks, but the fins are light.
At the moment of stress, it can lighten, then as soon as the cause of stress is eliminated, the catfish will acquire the usual color.
Star antsistrus also belongs to the family of loricariid catfish. It is a little smaller than its ordinary fellow, but it looks more impressive – white specks evenly scattered throughout the body of the star antsistrus imitating asterisks. It is this feature that he owes his name.
Today, many aquarists have preferred star somic.
Golden Ancistrus He came to us from Germany in the late 90s. under the exotic name Ancistrus Albino Gold. The form, behavior, biological needs and sexual dimorphism of golden ancistrus are similar to their common counterparts.
The difference can be seen only in a rich yellow-golden color: on dark ground the golden ancistrus looks unusual and bright.
It is characteristic that the color of golden antsistrus does not have that “unhealthy pallor”, which is typical for albinos. The red spots with which the back of males is covered look impressive. Despite the fact that females are significantly paler, they have not become less popular.
The origin of this type of science is not entirely known: there are suggestions that this is a natural form, but there are conjectures that this is a form derived by breeders. However, one thing is not doubted: such a color is not an accident, but a completely stable feature that is transmitted to the offspring of the golden antsistrus without deviations.
From Venezuela arrived to us red antsistrus, capturing many aquarists with their bright colors. However, while the price of red antsistrusov keeps quite high, and afford to buy them remains a luxury. In addition, the efforts of German breeders artificially derived the subspecies of the red antsistrusov, which became a competitor to their natural counterpart.
Of course, this species is more elegant: its color is bright and saturated, however, it has not yet succeeded in obtaining a similar offspring. It is accepted to call albinos with white antcistruses, which look very impressive in aquariums.
Their eyes are red, and their bodies are pale yellow, otherwise the white ancistrus does not differ from its ancestor.
The natural habitat of catfish is the mountain river of the southern regions of America, namely the tributaries of the Amazon flowing from the Andes and the upper part of the Orinoco River. And the color of the fish depends on the color of the water.
So in high mountain streams where white and transparent water prevails, the catfish has a brownish or light gray color in combination with dark or light spots. Ancistrus dwelling in black waters has an interesting black or dark brown color, and the monochromatic palette can be diluted with small marks painted in white and yellow.
The body of catfish is drop-shaped, flattened and covered with wide bony plates. The head is wide, round eyes, the mouth of the fish in the form of a small sucker with horn-shaped scrapers.
Thanks to these natural devices, catfish cleans the aquarium walls, the surface of the sludge and leaves from fouling.
The color varies from a light palette of gray shades to black or dark gray shades. Although it is worth noting that the color of catfish can periodically change and in some cases ancistrus may turn a little pale.
But after some time, regain its brightness.
See how to contain ancistrus.
Antsistrusy unpretentious in the content and can easily adapt to living conditions. However, in order for som to please its owner with a beautiful bright color and to have fun with mobility and activity, it is necessary to follow certain rules.
- Fish should be placed in freshwater aquariums, more than 50 cm long and at least 80-100 liters with the expectation of three adults. It should be noted that catfish can be placed in a pond and smaller, but this can lead to a shortening of life. And in normal conditions the fish can live for more than 7 years.
- The temperature parameters in which catfish feel best is 22-24 ° C. In extreme cases, the fish can easily endure a low temperature of 17 ° C, and can easily adapt to very high temperature indicators of 28 -30 ° C.
- In addition to temperature indicators Ancistrus like clean water, the most saturated with oxygen. That is why aquarium aeration is a mandatory requirement when maintaining this variety of catfish.
- Do not forget about filtering the water in which the fish live, and the weekly replacement of water to fresh water is the key to the normal development of the pet.
- As for lighting, these catfish do not like too bright light, but at the same time without light they will not be comfortable. To do this, it is recommended to alternate the dark phase and the light phase, with a half-hour break.
- When you design an aquarium, you should be guided by the main rule, catfish like to hide everywhere. That is why it is necessary to decorate the water space with snags, caves and grottoes lined with stones. Plant water plants with a good root system.
- How to feed antsistrusov is a rather simple question, since catfish are phytophagous, that is, individuals, which prefer to eat plant food. The most favorite delicacy is young tender plants growing in an aquarium. So if you want to pamper your pet enough to feed him with fresh seaweed. In addition, catfish with pleasure to eat food of animal or vegetable origin. For example, slices of zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce and dandelion. But in order to maintain this variety of somikov in the home content all the microelements necessary for normal development, you should pay attention to specialized foods.
Antsistrusy is a friendly non-aggressive fish that easily gets along with absolutely any aquarium inhabitants. After all, the twilight lifestyle of catfish allows you to combine all the fish in the aquarium. Especially those who lead an active lifestyle during the day, while the catfish hide in shelters or plants.
But at night, catfish calmly plow the bottom of the aquarium in search of delicious.
Fans of cichlids can easily combine them with this species, and do not worry, the fish will find a common language among themselves. Catfish can also get along well with cold-loving small fish, a type of a valehvost and a telescope, which prefer a water temperature below 20-18 degrees.
But the content of this variety with large fish, it is better to avoid, especially with those species that have large powerful jaws. In case of any territorial fights, the catfish can be seriously affected by the rival’s sharp teeth.
It is also worth remembering that ancistrus behave in artificial reservoirs, like a territorial fish. As a result, overcrowded areas can cause intraspecific aggression.
In addition, it is worth knowing that planting several males in a 150 liter aquarium is strictly prohibited, since the dominant individual may drive a weak representative of this family. The position can slightly stabilize a huge number of shelters located in the aquarium.
See how somiki antsitrus fight.
Common antsistrus has a flattened body shape with a broad head. The body consists of alternate layers of bone plates.
The size of the fish reaches 15-25 cm. Star catfish grows up to 25 cm under natural conditions. The color is light gray, black, dark gray, reddish.
The special structure of the mouth of a fish with elongated lips is equipped with scrapers in the form of horns, which make it possible to strip the coating from the walls in the general aquarium. The suction cup sucks up all that is superfluous, which sticks to any surface.
The male Antsistrus is distinguished by slenderness and bushy processes on the head, which are absent or weakly developed in females. Antsistrusy move through the glass or plants with abrupt movements in search of algal fouling.
Fish also eat the remnants of undernourished food, and with a lack of algae, they eat aquarium plants. How much catfish can live depends on caring for it.
The fish usually lives up to 5-6 years, and good conditions of maintenance lead to the fact that catfish live to 10 years.
Ancistrus breeding can begin when the male grows long skin growths on the head, frightening off rivals.
For the maintenance of catfish you will need a container with a length of at least 40 cm with shelters in the form of snags and pots. Caring for fish does not cause difficulties and the strength of beginners.
Ancistrus begins its activity with the onset of the dark time of the day or with decreasing pressure. Somics love oxygen-rich pure water, with a temperature of 24 ° C and aeration, but the fish also lives at 18-30 ° C.
The unpretentiousness of anscitrus to the conditions of detention allows them to exist even in hard or alkaline water.
Lighting for catfish fit dim, light and dark phases must be alternated. Acidity of water up to 7.5, hardness up to 15 °.
Antsistrusy spend most of the time in the bottom layer of water, the fish are territorial and do not like strangers. Fish usually die as a result of improper care or due to an infectious disease, when white spots appear on the body of ancistrus or a stomach is swollen.
Antsistrusy adore algae, and if they are not enough, the fish will take up the aquarium plants. It is better to ensure the prosperity of algae than to feed the antsistrus with planted plants. You can also feed on scalded lettuce, nettle and cabbage.
Additives in the diet of carrots, spinach, cucumbers and zucchini will benefit. From live food they eat moths, tubers, daphnia, cyclops.
Antsistrus is omnivorous, the fish love to feast on the soft algae, abundantly growing in a brightly lit aquarium. Ancystrus can also eat the rest of the feed of other fish.
They are well suited industrial feed for antsistrusov intended for herbivorous fish.
Ancistrus – details of its content and conditions for breeding
Catfish – one of the largest groups of fish and one of the most popular among fans of aquarium fish. Even the one who has one common aquarium often contains a couple of catfish in it.
One of the most popular groups of aquarium catfish, consists of the so-called suckers or in Latin: Ancistrus, one of the most popular catfish species in the aquarium.
The word Ancistrus comes from the ancient Greek – agkistron, denoting a horn. They get their name for the outgrowths that form in adult males on the head.
These outgrowths resemble a beard or thick spines. For a long time, the number of outgrowths was used to distinguish different types of antsistrus, but as it turned out that individual individuals may have a different number of outgrowths depending on the time of year. The exact mechanism of this has not yet been studied, but many experts agree that it is related to readiness for spawning.
In the aquarium, almost all types of antsistrus are ready to spawn at the age of about a year, respectively, males around this age acquire chic horns.
No specialist knows exactly how many different species are united in themselves by the genus Ancistrus, it is often difficult to determine even subspecies. So basically aquarists say generically – antsistrus, when they describe a fish that lives in their aquarium.
A distinctive feature of the ancistrus, in addition to the spiny head and body, is the structure of the oral apparatus. It is shaped like a sucker, with comb-shaped teeth that are adapted to strip algae from surfaces in the wild and in aquariums.
They perfectly cope with the role of aquarium cleaners from algae and are able to quickly rid it of unnecessary growths; in this case, they should be transferred to another container with algae or they should be provided with additional plant foods, otherwise, most likely, they will starve.
There is also evidence that wood is badly needed in their diet. It’s a good idea to add a piece of driftwood so they can process it.
You will notice that over time it will decrease in size.
Adults most antsistrusov will necessarily fight with each other over the territory, which may result in the death of the weaker, especially the struggle escalates during the breeding season. It is best to keep one male in an aquarium or a group of several males with a large number of females in bulk aquariums.
Females are much more livable and can live in peace even in small aquariums.
Antsistrusy excellent cleaners of an aquarium from algae. They will perfectly clean every corner of the aquarium and will pass it several times a day.
They eat almost every type of green algae, but do not touch the so-called Vietnamese or black beard, which affects a large number of aquariums (a person who proves that they eat this nasty algae will go down in history of aquarium).
They also avoid eating foodstuff, although they can eat it, especially when the vegetable diet in the aquarium is poor. In general, they do not damage aquatic plants, although some aquarists accuse them of damaging young and tender leaves of plants. On this occasion, the whole debate is heated.
Personally, I never noticed that they ate something in the aquarium other than algae, some live food and special pills.
Golden antsistrus or albino – charming and unique
Antsistrus albino or as it is also called – white or golden antsistrus, this is one of the most unusual fish that are kept in aquariums. I currently have several albino voile antsistrus in my 200-liter aquarium, and I can say that this is my favorite fish.
In addition to their modest size and visibility, they are distinguished by their calm nature and interesting behavior.
Every day I see how many fish in my tank chase each other. The parrot female often attacks the male and he even has to hide from her. The Siamese seaweed dog pursues innocent creeping, fortunately there are three of them in the aquarium, and the seaweed discovers that it can only chase one at a time.
This gives time for the other two to rest a bit. Amid all this chaos and fuss, only one fish seems to be calm and not causing any problems to other inhabitants of the aquarium – the golden ancistrus albino.
What is characteristic, I also did not see that someone would try to bully the antsistrus himself.
I was so fascinated by my albinos that I chose them as the topic of this article. The information in this article is found in various authoritative sources, but I also added my experience to it in order to reveal as fully as possible all the secrets of the content of albino ancistrus.
The main objective of this article is to help lovers with a content or thinking to buy this wonderful fish.
In nature, ancistrus lives in South America, especially many in the Amazon. Naturally, the individuals you purchased are grown already in amateur aquariums.
Although in nature antsistrusy can reach large sizes, in aquariums they are much smaller, usually not more than 7-10 cm, which makes them invited guests even in small aquariums.
As practice shows, ancistrus albino is compatible with small and medium-sized fish. Problems arise only when keeping with other species of catfish or with several males together. Fish is very territorial.
Although I personally did not observe this, but they say that American cichlids can damage the eyes of antsistrus, so I would caution you against keeping them in the same aquarium. It is interesting that the ancistrus has the means to protect against an attack.
They are covered with hard scales and they have spiky fins, besides males have spikes on their gills, and in case of danger they bristle with them. So the fish itself is not defenseless at all.
The lifespan of golden ancistrus is up to 5 years, but the females live somewhat less.