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Amur white fish: description, lifestyle and fishing features

The white carp fish belongs to the carp family. It is called an underwater mower, water cow, grass carp. A river dweller feeds on algae, thereby cleans ponds from them.

Grass carp is of interest to anglers, as its meat is very tasty and healthy. The grass carp is bred on an industrial scale.

Tackle with large hooks is used for fishing.

Grass carp feeds on algae, thereby cleans ponds from them.

The homeland of the grass carp is the Far East. Fish can be found in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, although today it is bred not only in Russia, but also in China.

Cupid survives not only in natural waters, but also in artificial, man-made.

White carp looks a little different than other members of the carp family. The body of the fish is long, the head is small, the forehead is flat. On pectoral fins there are characteristic bands.

The back is round, dark green or greyish, the iris of the eyes is colored golden. Scales tight to the body. The average size of the fish – 60 cm, maximum – 110.

Commercially bred individuals weighing less than 5 kg.

Amur fish does not place high demands on the oxygen regime; it takes root in water with a temperature of +1 to +6 degrees. The representative of the carp family feels good in rivers and lakes, loves ponds with lots of vegetation.

Grass carp feeds on vegetation, eats algae of different types. The anatomical feature of fish is the small intestine.

Food is quickly digested and the river dweller becomes hungry again.

River dweller actively gaining weight, growing to 1.5−2 kg per year. If there is little algae in the pond, fish eats:

  • thread;
  • small river insects;
  • moths;
  • mollusks;
  • duckweed.

Hungry grass carp can eat fry and eggs. In the process of breeding this fish by artificial means, fresh grass and crushed reed are constantly thrown into the water so that the cupids do not starve and do not reduce the number of neighbors in the pond.

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Fish is active in the search for food from early April to September. When the air temperature in the fall drops to +7 degrees, grass carp begins to prepare for the winter, settling the dwelling in deep trenches.

When spring comes, the fish goes into the shoals. Individuals live where there are filamentous algae.

White carp fish can not be called shy, but it is careful in contact with their own kind. If he hears suspicious sounds, then he floats to another part of the reservoir.

River dweller becomes sexually mature at the age of seven. Mating is carried out in shallow water at a water temperature of + 24 to +26 degrees.

Spawning occurs in early summer. Eggs float to the surface of the water and spread throughout the river.

The duration of the incubation period of caviar is 2 days. After this time, the larvae appear on the light, stick to the algae and begin to develop. “Transformation” cubs lasts 6−7 days.

Having reached the size of 8 mm, the fish swims to the shore and begins to search for zooplankton, and after a while passes to plant food.

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It is best to catch this fish in the summer or fall in places where there is a large amount of algae. When a representative of the carp family is looking for food, it assumes a vertical position so that the tail is visible on the surface of the water.

When water temperature drops to +8 degrees, Cupid stops looking for food.

White Cupid has a developed sense of smell and quickly finds granular baits. Fishermen use not only purchased, but also homemade bait. Ideal prikormkoy serve croutons, cereals, cake, bread or honey.

Grass carp also goes for vegetable bait. The most effective:

To catch this river resident, you need to build a solid snap. The three-meter rod is good for fishing. The coil must be inertia-free.

The optimum monofilament thickness is 0.55 mm. Often use the classic standard donku, but you can apply feeder equipment, thanks to which you will be able to perform accurate feeding.

White Cupid has a developed sense of smell and quickly finds granular baits.

Grass carp produces food from morning to evening. He is caught from 8 am when he is hungry. The catch may get away from the fisherman when he hears extraneous noise.

To avoid this, you need to throw the bait away (fishermen often practice fishing from the opposite shore). They start fishing where the grass carp cannot get food on its own.

If greens or a piece of vegetable are used as bait, you need to wait for the fish to support the tip of the feeder, and at this moment to swing the rod sharply. It is better not to use corn or beans for fishing, as the fish will try to swallow them.

In any case, it will resist and try to escape into the algae. White carp breaks down if a reel with a fragile fraction is used for fishing.

The meat of this fish does not contain much fat. There are such valuable components:

100 g of the product contains only 120 kcal. Herbal carp provides prevention of vitamin deficiency, shown to people with pathologies of the heart and thyroid gland.

Despite the benefits, the meat of this fish can be harmful if you are hypersensitive to the components and chronic liver diseases, which can be exacerbated by the frequent consumption of this product.

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