maintenance, care, compatibility
The famous Elena Malysheva told about the following horrors that await careless aquarists:
Salmonellosis, which can be infected from fish and through aquarium water. This disease is very unpleasant, and for young children and people with weakened immunity is extremely dangerous.
Aquarium granuloma, or fish tuberculosis. The cause is bacteria from the genus Mycobacterium.
Koch’s wand, which causes human tuberculosis, belongs to the same genus.
Allergy to fish feed. According to the doctors, in the house where there are allergies, it is absolutely impossible to start an aquarium.
In order to protect yourself and your family from these misfortunes, it is proposed to disinfect it weekly with special means — in the worst case, boil the aquarium and all its equipment and contents (fortunately, except for fish).
For hygienic purposes, only sufficiently large pebbles, which are easy to wash, are allowed as soil, and for the same reasons – only plastic plants.
It is clear that by fulfilling such sanitary requirements, we will very quickly kill all the fish. Yes, and a beautiful aquarium in an imbalance of microflora and hydrochemical parameters can not be achieved: all the time there will be some turbidity, algae, the unpleasant smell.
How serious is it to treat the warnings of doctors and what can be done to safely take care of a domestic pond without violating the principles of aquarium biology?
Here, dear doctors are wrong. Salmonella fish do not spread.
But reptiles – snakes, lizards, turtles, including the popular red sheep – can themselves be sick with salmonellosis or be carriers of this disease.
They excrete bacteria with excrement, so they can be infected by reptiles through close contact (when the animal is often picked up, allowed to crawl on the dining table) or when cleaning the terrarium and not following the rules of hygiene.
Therefore, the content of these animals should adhere to the following rules:
- wash hands after contact with a reptile or cleaning a terrarium (aquaterrarium);
- prevent reptiles or terrarium care products from contact with human utensils, foodstuffs;
- create optimal conditions for animals, since animal carriers that are in poor conditions and are under stress, release much more bacteria into the external environment.
Rather categorical and controversial recommendation, but still: you should not start a reptile in a house where children under 4 years old live. Salmonellosis may be too dangerous for them.
The second horror: aquarium granuloma, or fish tuberculosis (pseudotuberculosis)
This is the only zoonosis (a disease transmitted from animals to humans) that aquarium fish may suffer. Moreover, this disease is very widespread and its pathogens – mycobacteria – are present in almost every aquarium.
However, it affects only weakened fish living in cramped, dirty water, with a lack or poor quality of food.
Of course, in humans, fish pulmonary tuberculosis cannot cause lung disease: as a rule, everything is limited to a non-healing rash, wounds or crusts on the skin of the hands. It is through the damaged skin that the bacterium penetrates the human body, but it cannot cause systemic damage and continues to parasitize at the site of its introduction.
This disease is treated with antibiotics. Some experienced aquarists recommend holding hands over a warm water bottle or lamp as a treatment, as fish bacteria do not tolerate heat.
It is very easy to avoid granulose: no need to put your hands in the aquarium when there are wounds or inflammations on them, and if there is a need for this, then it should be done with long veterinary gloves. And, of course, it is important not to forget to wash your hands after messing around with the aquarium.
Indeed, fish food such as dried daphnia and gammarus often cause allergies: they crumble into tiny dust, and this dust, consisting of tiny particles of chitin, is very dangerous for allergies. But what is the need in the XXI century to feed fish with dried daphnia?
There is a mass of modern dry feed, including granulated or made in the form of tablets, which do not crumble or dust.
And besides them, fish can also be fed with live food, including self-grown and therefore clean and safe, with minced fish and seafood, scrambled eggs, vegetable mixtures and much more.
In a word, there is no need to breathe chitinous dust.
It turns out that what doctors scare us is not so terrible, it is not necessary to hurt from the aquarium, and it is not necessary to carry out endless disinfection procedures that harm animals. Enough to perform simple and clear rules of hygiene.
What really can be dangerous in an aquarium?
They do not always agree to pretend to be cute pets. The severum or the astronotus guarding the clutch can bite quite heavily, and the decoration of saltwater aquariums in the lionfish-zebra can prick with a poisonous thorn.
So be careful.
And one more thing that requires careful handling is the aquarium chemistry: air conditioners, medicine for fish, liquid carbon, and fertilizer for plants. When using them it is necessary to observe precautions, be sure to protect from children.
Poisoning by these means can be much more dangerous than mythical fish tuberculosis.
In general, be careful when caring for an aquarium, follow simple and obvious rules, and there will be no harm from it. Or maybe the doctors are still right, and aquarists are really too careless?
The “Live Healthy” video about the dangers of an aquarium that caused a resonance among aquarists (48th minute):