Hello dear aquarists. Today I would like to write a post about a rather large and serious aquarium fish, originally from South America.
And in particular, the range of its habitat river basins in Peru and Ecuador. Akara is a turquoise rather massive fish, the color of which varies from turquoise to silver.
The younger generation and females have blue sparkles on their bodies.
On the muzzle and gill covers there are stripes of turquoise color and in the very center of the body there is a large spot of irregular shape. The tail and dorsal fins have a wide edge. The most interesting representatives of this aquarium fish are those whose fins are painted in a reddish-orange color.
If the color is not very bright, then the edging on the fins may have a white or pale yellow tint. Males will be brighter than females, and they are much larger in size.
With adequate and favorable conditions and a large aquarium, turquoise akara can grow up to 30 centimeters.
To easily contain a couple of cancer, you need an aquarium of 100 liters. What is good is the absence of excessive aggressiveness in this fish, but still they have a mysterious character.
Sometimes they can be phlegmatic to ugliness, but they can also show serious aggression. In a large aquarium turquoise Akara without problems get along with other large cichlids and large catfish. But with scalars and dwarf cichlids, I would rather not settle them.
In the same way, I would not share a red-headed cichlase with them, as it is very aggressive.
The most suitable neighbors for turquoise Akara are small cychlasmas, northern seasons and red parrots. To arrange an aquarium with your own hands, you do not need to expend enormous efforts.
Aquarium soil should be rounded and not contain sharp corners, as Akara constantly fumbles in it and can easily get hurt. It is desirable to secure the aquarium equipment and other decorative elements, as the fish is large and can move them.
The soil should be about 8mm in diameter and place in the jar a large flat cobblestone on which the fish will spawn.
To create shelters for fish, take interesting snags and large stones. It would not be bad to plant live aquarium plants in an aquarium, but plastic ones will do. However, as practice has shown, plastic plants to put it mildly do not inspire.
When you choose plants for akara aquarium, try to choose those that have a strong root system and a hard sheet. Do not forget about the simplicity of plants, as the habitat conditions of the heroes of this article are not sweet.
You can take speckled Echinodorus, Anubias nana, Vallisneria spiral, hygrophil. In addition, it is possible to decorate stones and driftwood with bundles of Javanese moss and a Thai fern, which is fixed on the snags using ordinary fishing line.
This is done so that the Akaras, while digging the ground, can pull the plant out of it, although they don’t touch the grass itself. Required attributes in the aquarium with turquoise acars – filtration and aeration of the aquarium + regular water changes for fresh.
Turquoise akara is not demanding to the conditions of detention and can easily live in water of average hardness at a temperature of 22 to 28 degrees Celsius. Quite calmly can withstand short-term temperature drops to 18 degrees.
In addition to the unpretentious conditions of detention, the fish is not picky in food. Under natural conditions, small fish sometimes also feed on invertebrates.
In the aquarium conditions, the fish burst everything, therefore there were frequent cases of overeating, which leads to serious problems in the work of the digestive system.
Breeding this type of Akara is quite simple. The female chooses a partner randomly, but there are cases when relationships do not stick, so the lady needs to be changed to another.
Spawning can be stimulated by raising the temperature of the water and its considerable substitution. However, under good conditions of detention, stimulation of spawning is not required, another problem appears – an increase in the time intervals between spawning.
Before spawning, turquoise akara becomes even more beautiful and brighter, and the stripes themselves have a neon ebb.
When spawning, the fish becomes very aggressive. The formed pair chooses a large flat stone for spawning and clears a springboard on it.
If there is no such stone, they can clean the bottom area from the ground and sweep the eggs stupidly on the glass. Together, cleaning the pebble, fish dig around it small holes in the ground, which will serve as a shelter for the future generation.
Over the entire period of spawning, the female Akara can sweep away up to 300 eggs, but there have been cases of finding larger clutches, which numbered about 1000 eggs.
Both parents take care of the clutch and young growth: the female airs the caviar with its fins and cleans the clutch from unfertilized caviar. The male at this time stands on the streamer and patrols the neighborhood. It happens that parents eat and caviar and larvae.
Under such circumstances, you will need to carefully transfer all masonry to another bank, just take care and control the water parameters – they should be the same as in the general bank. Place a spray above the clutch and remove the dead calf with tweezers. Be sure to add antifungal agents to the aquarium water.
Incubation of caviar is about 4 days, and the larvae turn into fry within three days. If the father and mother looked after the young, they would take him to the prepared pits in the ground.
Small things in cancer is large and quite voracious. Begin to feed the small things with microplankton and nauplii artemia.
As the fish matures, introduce larger feed.
That’s basically all I wanted to tell you about akara turquoise. If you only start an aquarium, buy a big jar better, if finances allow, of course, and wind up these fish boldly.