Hello, friends. Akantoftalmus is pretty cute striped fish that prefer to show themselves to the aquarist in the evening. This fish is widely distributed in slowly flowing streams of India and Southeast Asia.
Most of all, the fish are attracted to shady parts of the reservoir, which are provided with a huge amount of fallen leaves, dimmed lighting and a lot of koryag. On the territory of the Soviet Union, the fish first appeared in the 70s of the last century, and since 73 it has been successfully bred by aquarists.
The body of the acantophthalmos is about 12 centimeters in length and flattened on the sides. To some extent, the shape of the body is similar to the serpentine, like Kalamoht Kalabarsky. The color is bright orange, and the body is covered with two dozen dark brown cross strips.
Since the fish lives in the bottom layer of water, at the corners of its mouth there are three pairs of mustaches, which help the fry in the silt in search of food. The male Akantoftalmusov is slightly smaller than the females, as can be seen from the thickened abdomen of the latter.
Green caviar is visible through this plump belly.
Acantoftalmus prefers artificial reservoirs with a decent bottom area, diffused soft light and a bunch of different shelters of small-leaved plants (Javanese moss is ideal). The movements of the fish are nimble, and the bright color will become an indispensable decoration of any aquarium.
Hydrobiont prefers to stay near the bottom, and rises to the surface very rarely, and then in the evening.
The aquarium water should be of medium hardness and slightly acid, and the temperature should be around 25 degrees. The aquarium substrate is preferably small and dark.
The size of the soil fraction should not be more than 3 millimeters, as the fish will not be able to swarm in it and look for their favorite small worms for lunch. Very often, a fish simply buries itself in the ground if it is frightened.
Although acanthophalmuses are bottom representatives of fish and mostly swarming in the mud, the aquarium should be clean and well maintained, and the water should be well aerated. The only thing you do not need to overdo it with is a powerful filter, as it creates a tangible flow from which the fish will try to hide somewhere.
Also note that if the water intake grille on your filter is large, then akantoftalmusy can easily slip through it into the filter.
Akantoftalmusy evening and shy fish, which on the first day of purchase will hide in the thickets of plants or decorative shelters. But if you feed your pets during daylight hours, the fish quickly gets used to such a regime and goes out to feed with all the other neighbors. They feed all the time near the bottom, so let’s feed the pets so that something falls to the bottom dwellers or throw special tableted feed, they certainly reach the bottom.
A fine bloodworm or tubule is suitable as food. But this does not prevent the fish to eat dry food. As neighbors for the heroes of today, it is best to select small catfishes, apistograms, rasbor, not violent barbs and harasines (red neons, minors, terntions, ornatuses).
They become sexually mature at the age of 8-12 months and live up to 5 years.
Although akantoftalmusy has been kept in aquariums for more than 30 years, “mature” aquarists are engaged in breeding these fish. For the history of the fish there were cases when it spawned in a common jar, but this is very rare. Up to 6 fish are selected for spawning, taking into account that 2-3 males are needed per female.
Spawning should be a volume of 50 liters, and the water in it should be slightly acidic and soft. The water temperature rises to 28 degrees, and at the bottom it is necessary to lay the separator grid.
Oddly enough, but for the dilution of acantophthalmos for the first time hormonal injections were used to stimulate spawning. Fishes ready for spawning are priced 50–150m in gonadotropic choriogonin per individual. This procedure is very painstaking, because the fish are brisk and can instantly be on the floor.
In order to temper their ardor, the manufacturer is sown first in an otsadnik, into which you need to drop a few drops of Novocain. After some time, as the drug will work, the fish are caught and the dose is pricked.
Rybk need to lay on a plate with wet cotton, and his head also pressed gently with a piece of moistened cotton wool. As soon as you have done all this, you need to make an injection with a thin needle into the abdominal cavity in the region of the ventral fin in the direction of the head. As soon as the injection was made, the fish should be immediately transferred to the spawner, in which the fish will come to life.
Spawning will begin 6 hours after injections, which is manifested in the active courtship of the males for females. For spawn, the female can produce up to 700 green eggs.
If there are few males or they are not active and the females do not sweep away all the eggs, then the aquarist has to forcefully express the remaining eggs.
To prevent caviar deterioration, antifungal drug Sera mycopur must be added to the water and the aeration should be enhanced. After a day, the larvae will hatch from the eggs, which in 4 days will become full fry. Fry are fed dry food, such as ciliates, rotifers or nauplii of artemia.
Juveniles grow quickly and by the month of life will turn into adult-striped fish.
Useful guidelines for content:
- Acantophthalmos love to overeat and are often obese. It is recommended to arrange fish days fasting;
- be sure to arrange enough shelters in the aquarium, as the fish do not like bright light and constantly strive to hide in the shade;
- Acantophthalmos, the most favorite food, is a tube maker, but it often causes various infections to enter the aquarium. Therefore, if you give your pet their favorite delicacy, the pipe maker must be thoroughly washed for several days.