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Where does the pond snail live and eat?

In reservoirs, rivers, gardens there are many different snails, but the most widespread species is the pond snail. It lives in those places where there is a sufficient amount of moisture, so it can be seen all over the world.

This mollusk is often colonized in aquariums, as it copes remarkably well with the bloom that forms on glass, stones or other objects, and it is interesting to watch such a snail.

Prudovik perfectly copes with the bloom that is formed on the glass of the aquarium

A pond snail is a freshwater snail that has a well-developed spiral shell. The shell itself consists of five or six turns. On the one hand, it has a mouth, and on the other – a sharp top.

It reliably protects the soft body of a snail from various adverse effects and mechanical damage.

Prudovik breathes through the lungs, and therefore he is forced to periodically rise to the surface of the water. At the very edge of the sink there is a special round hole that just leads to the lung.

And it is there that the blood is enriched with oxygen and carbon dioxide is released.

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The body of the pond snail consists of three main parts:

The foot of the freshwater inhabitant occupies the abdominal part of the body. It is muscular, with its help the snail moves on the surface. The life cycle of mollusks is rather short, since in the winter they all die.

Depending on the species, the pond snails differ from each other in the color of the shell, body and legs, and they may also have different shape and thickness of the shell.

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Snails are unique animals that do not cause any harm to humans, on the contrary, they have a lot of benefits, as they actively eat various weeds, clean the aquarium well from growth and even have healing properties. In nature, there are many variants of a pond snail, each of which has its own characteristic features.

But the most common are the following types:

  1. Prudovik large or ordinary. This is the largest representative of the family. The shell can be up to 6 cm in length and 3 cm in width. It has a wide mouth, as well as from five to six turns. The walls at the sink are usually dark brown in color, but they are thin and translucent. The body of such a snail has a greenish-gray tint. This species is found in many freshwater bodies.
  2. Small prudovik. Such a snail is easily recognizable by the pointed up and elongated shell, which has a pale yellow color. Curls in this species always twist to the right and have up to seven turns. The shell of a freshwater inhabitant is strong, but it is very thin and transparent. Its maximum length is 1.2 cm, and its width is only 0.5 cm. The body of this mollusk has a gray tint. This type is widely distributed throughout almost the entire territory of Russia. It can often be seen in rivers, ponds and even puddles.

Prudoviki actively eat various weeds, well clean the aquarium from growth and even have healing properties

  • Marsh prudovik. This type of shell looks like a sharp cone. Its height is 3.2 cm, and its width is 1 cm. The mouth at the sink is small, and it is brown in color, almost black. The body of the mollusk has a greenish-gray tint, and it lives in shallow reservoirs.
  • Egg-shaped prudovik. This species has a very fragile shell, and the first curl makes up one third of the mouth. Its maximum width is 1.5 cm, and its height is 2.7 cm. The shell is almost transparent and has a light pink color. The snail received this name because of the egg-shaped mouth. The body has a light olive or gray color. Such a mollusk can live at great depth, it is often found in quiet rivers and lakes.
  • Ear Snail The mouth of this mollusk looks and looks like a human ear. The shell has a gray-yellow color, and it is very thin. It is 2.8 cm in width, and 3.5 cm in height. The body has a yellow-green color with many inclusions. This type is found not only in water bodies, but also on rocks and trees.
  • There are other types of these mollusks, but they are much less common. For example, there are some prudoviki who live at a depth of 250 m or at an altitude of 5 thousand meters.

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    It feeds on a large prudovik plant food. In nature, he eats various weeds, algae and even rotten plants.

    In the aquarium, with the help of a long tongue, it scrapes off the raid that forms on the walls. This mollusk also eats any food that settles on the bottom.

    As an additional feeding in the aquarium, you can put small pieces of eggshell and chalk. From plant food snails can be given an apple, cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin, carrots, lettuce leaves.

    Prudoviki, like many other snails, are hermaphrodites, but their fertilization takes place in a cross way. And they are able to self-fertilize their own eggs. These lovers of moisture at one time lay a large number of eggs that are enclosed in a special transparent mucous clutch.

    Usually it has an elongated shape and is attached to various underwater objects, most often to vegetation. Sometimes in one such laying there are up to 300 eggs.

    The eggs themselves are small and almost transparent. In about a month, small snails hatch from them, which, by their appearance, are no different from adult individuals.

    Prudoviki multiply quite actively, so if they are in the aquarium, you need to periodically remove extra clutches. In captivity, these mollusks can live up to two years, and during this period they lay eggs up to 500 times.

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    Prudoviki completely unpretentious animals, but the main complexity of their content is that they can carry dangerous diseases, which at first glance is almost impossible to recognize. The most common disease in these mollusks is a fungus infection.

    And if an infected individual is planted in a common aquarium with fish and other inhabitants, then it can quickly spread the infection.

    To avoid such a situation, before you put a pond snail in the general aquarium, you need to keep it in quarantine for several days. During this period, you should put it daily for a few minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or salt.

    If the snail does not consume the right amount of minerals and trace elements, then the walls of her shell may begin to damage or thin. In this case, prudovik should start feeding products, which is high in calcium.

    After a while, the sink will overgrow and fully recover.

    During the keeping of pond fish in an aquarium, it is important to ensure that they do not overpopulate it, and to control their reproduction. If there are too many snails, they will begin to actively eat the young algae, and in the aquarium will constantly lack oxygen to other inhabitants.

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