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The content of snails Achatina at home

The Achatina snail is a land gastropod mollusk from the Pulmonary subclass. This largest member of its family lives in countries with a tropical climate and suitable environmental conditions.

Because of the great damage to the agricultural plants of this representative of the fauna enrolled in the ranks of pests and began to actively fight with him.

Achatina – the largest representatives of their species, are considered pests in agriculture

Giant snails Achatina considered one of the most beautiful and unusual pets. They have a rather large shell, which has a conical shape and is strongly twisted counterclockwise (as a rule, they have 7 or 9 turns). In adults, its color varies with the conditions of detention, nutrition and temperature.

It can be both with brown and with yellowish shades. Most often, the length of the shell varies in the range of 5-10 centimeters, but there are some individuals in which the size of the “house” exceeds 20 cm.

The entire skin of Achatina is bumpy and covered with fine wrinkles. Through it, the mollusk receives the necessary oxygen to sustain life.

In addition, the cochlea has lungs, which serve as an additional source of air. These large gastropods are not adapted to life in water, since there are no gills in their body. On a slightly extended head there are two pairs of horns.

One of them serves as an organ of touch, and the second – of view. At the ends of the latter are tiny eyes.

Achatina oxygen necessary for life gets through the skin

In the wild, earthen Achatina can inhabit the territory of countries with a subtropical or tropical climate. Most of its population is located in such regions:

  • East Africa;
  • Asia (China, Malaysia, Taiwan, India, Philippines, Sri Lanka);
  • Pacific (Guam, New Caledonia, Palau, French Polynesia, Vanuatu, Tahiti);
  • Caribbean countries (Barbados, Martinique, Guadeloupe);
  • South America (Brazil, Ecuador);
  • United States (Hawaii).

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Before settling Ahatin snails at home, it is necessary to perform several important preparatory activities. They consist in the choice of the mollusk, its purchase and the creation of the most comfortable “housing”.

All aquarists who have expressed a desire to have Achatin snails should first study the characteristics of their behavior, maintenance and care. Only after that you can begin the search and purchase of gastropods.

This event is quite difficult, as it involves considerable financial costs not only for the purchase of a snail, but also for its delivery.

As a rule, only experienced aquarists are engaged in breeding these gastropods, who know all the nuances of the process and can provide the mollusks with optimal conditions. In addition, they must cooperate with one of the pet stores, where they can check the health of creatures and correctly determine their value.

When buying Ahatin It is important to take into account such nuances:

  1. It is not recommended to buy snails from hands, as in this case there are no guarantees of their healthy state.
  2. It takes several days to observe the behavior of the mollusk, and only in the absence of obvious signs of any deviations can you buy them.
  3. It is important to look at the conditions of Achatina in the pet store. If you do not comply with the requirements for lighting, ventilation or temperature, it is better to refuse to purchase. Otherwise, you can buy a sick individual, which has not yet manifested clear signs of ailments.
  4. It is best to buy American or African Achatina from a officially documented pedigree. Only in this case, you can be sure in the absence of any genetic abnormalities associated with their ancestors.
  5. Before purchasing it is important to do a thorough inspection of the cochlea. Her shell should be uniform, free from various flaws or defects.
  6. Do not take Achatina, who was born less than 2 months ago. The best option would be to buy a gastropods at the age of 3 or 4 months.

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To create the most comfortable conditions clam needs a large space. As a “flat” can serve as a glass or plastic tank.

It must necessarily have a tight-fitting lid with a large number of air inlets. This is necessary due to the fact that the Achatas are able to climb even the smoothest surface and make an escape.

In most cases, experienced breeders recommend the use of horizontal terrariums. Their volume should be chosen based on the number of individuals settled.

The best option would be to provide 10 or more liters for one snail.

These representatives of tropical fauna are very demanding on the temperature regime, so special attention should be paid to the heating of the tank. It is important to create conditions for snails that will be as similar as possible to their natural habitat.

Optimum temperature indicators should be maintained at a level of 26-28 degrees above zero. This should be done not only in winter, but throughout the year.

The temperature in the terrarium for Achatina should be at the level of 26-28 degrees above zero.

It is recommended to use external devices for heating (thermo-curtains, thermal cords, etc.). They are safer and will not harm a pet.

In the terrarium, be sure to hang the thermometer and prevent not only lowering the temperature, but also raising it.

The content of the Achatina snail provides for the provision of proper lighting. These representatives of gastropods prefer diffused light, therefore devices providing it should be used.

It is forbidden to put a terrarium with pets on or near the window sill, as well as near the heating devices. Achatina poorly tolerate exposure to direct sunlight and they may begin health problems.

Achatina badly tolerate sunlight, so put them on the window is not worth it

The bottom of the tank with snails should be covered with a layer of special soil. You can easily buy it at any pet store at an affordable price.

The best is a mixture based on a coconut substrate, which retains moisture well. It is necessary to pour a layer of at least 5 centimeters in size and increase it as the mollusk grows.

Another option for filling can be pure peat.

The terrarium can be supplemented with a drinker and a feeder made from environmentally friendly materials. In addition, you can equip a small house and a swimming pool.

It is forbidden to put objects with sharp edges in the tank with snails, as they can cause damage to the mollusk.

Experienced breeders advise to plant unpretentious plants and put beautiful driftwood, as well as tree bark in the tank. This will help not only to recreate the natural habitats of Achatina, but also to give the terrarium an attractive appearance.

Caring for snails Achatina at home is considered to be quite difficult. The owner needs to take into account many different factors and properly feed the pet.

Only in this case, the mollusk will be completely healthy, which will positively affect its appearance and life expectancy.

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