The marine aquarium is very different from its freshwater counterpart. The conditions of keeping fish and invertebrates in a marine aquarium require considerable skills, great knowledge and accuracy.
If you still purchased all the necessary equipment and created favorable conditions for marine life, then you can proceed directly to the purchase of fish and invertebrates.
The next step after the purchase is the acclimatization of your far from cheap inhabitants of the aquarium. The future life and susceptibility to diseases of your fish depends on how correctly acclimatization is made.
The meaning of acclimatization is to reduce the stress of fish and invertebrates when moving to a new “place of residence”, because in your tank the temperature, salinity and pH values may differ from those in which the fish were kept for a long time, as well as reduce the risk of infection by parasites and diseases already present in the aquarium residents.
The very first requirement for acclimatization is the lack of lighting in the aquarium. Before the fish and invertebrates are moved to a new bank, it is necessary to turn off all the lighting in it and turn it on no earlier than 4 hours after the resettlement.
Remember that fish are less whimsical and easier to adapt to new conditions than invertebrates. In addition, some species of fish and invertebrates may look dead (pretend), but after acclimatization they will again start behaving naturally.
It is also not necessary to put an aerator in a package to the fish; abundant saturation with air can dramatically increase the pH of the water in the package and cause dire consequences.
When new fish are added to an aquarium, the fish already existing there may show aggression, in this case it is necessary to separate aggressive fish (by dividing the aquarium with a plastic insert or grill into 2 zones or using a plastic sieve to cover the aggressive fish) for a while until the beginners take root, but In no case should you do the opposite.
Now let’s proceed directly to acclimatization, in most cases 2 methods are used and each of them takes a little more than an hour: floating and dropping.
1. The floating method consists in the fact that you first need to equalize the temperature of the water in the package with the aquarium water, to do this, we lower the tied package to swim in the aquarium for 15 minutes, usually this time is enough for smooth temperature equalization. If the bag is rather heavy and sinks, then you can take a clean empty bucket and put a bag in it to let it float around the aquarium.
2. After 15 minutes, you can begin to pour half a cup of water from the aquarium into the bag, pour in every 5 minutes. After filling the bag, it is necessary to drain half of the water (in no case can it be drained back into the aquarium). Then you can add half a cup after 4 minutes.
This operation should take about 40-45 minutes, if your package is too large or vice versa, then the time interval can be reduced or increased.
3. When the package is filled a second time – drop it closed in the aquarium, there we open and release the inhabitants, then close it again and remove it from the water. Then dispose of the water bag in any way.
The point of this procedure is to prevent all the water from the bag (that is, someone else’s aquarium) from getting into yours.
The drip method is even more gentle and more suitable for the more sensitive inhabitants of the marine aquarium – invertebrates.
1. We repeat the first point exactly as in the floating method, since its essence is only in temperature equalization.
2. Carefully transfer the contents of the bag to a clean bucket, while ensuring that invertebrates are not exposed to atmospheric air, i.e. at the time of transfusion were not out of the water. It may be necessary to keep the bucket inclined at an angle for some time, so that the water contained in the bag is enough for all its inhabitants.
3. Use a clean flexible tube in order to pump water from the main aquarium into the bucket, you also need a clamp that can adjust the speed of filling the bucket, for this purpose the tube from the medical dropper with the clamp on it is ideal.
4. Create a stream of water from the main aquarium into the bucket, when water comes out of the tube, it is necessary to press it so that 3-5 drops per second flow into the bucket. After the volume of water doubles – half drained.
After the second time the volume of water doubles – you can release fish and invertebrates in the aquarium.
5. In order not to allow a large amount of water to enter the main aquarium from a bucket, you can use point 3 of the floating method. To do this, put all the inhabitants in the bag in a bucket and transfer it to the aquarium in this form. It is also necessary to prevent the contact of invertebrates with atmospheric air.
The most important thing in the acclimatization of invertebrates and fish is to avoid haste, all procedures must be carried out carefully and as long as possible, this will help to avoid the appearance of a lot of stress in your new aquarium inhabitants.
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