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Poisonous frogs of South America: woodcutters and phyllomedus

Very often in nature, external charm is combined with danger. Animals with their bright colors do not always seek to attract the attention of the opposite sex.

In most cases, this is a warning to enemies. This effect is distributed mainly in amphibians, for example, in poisonous frogs, the bright colors of which literally amaze the eyes with their beauty.

Quite often, the bright coloring of amphibians speaks of their toxicity and danger.

Frogs are familiar to many as a small, harmless creature, loudly croaking on rivers, swamps and lakes. However, not all of these amphibians are so sweet and harmless – among them there are real monsters, which are literally life-threatening to meet.

Poisonous frogs are a species of tropical amphibians characterized by highly toxic secretions of the skin integument that can kill any living creature, including humans and large animals. This feature of the amphibian is due to its nutrition, consisting of poisonous spiders, ticks, tropical ants, etc.

Poisonous frogs are characterized by particularly toxic secretions of the skin

Toxic insects that enter the frog’s body are converted into its own poison, which is then released through amphibian skin glands. Moreover, these toxic substances do not harm the amphibians themselves, but, on the contrary, make them practically invulnerable to enemies, of which there are plenty in the tropics.

Nature has given the most poisonous frogs very beautiful bright colors. However, this characteristic feature is mainly not the amphibians, and others, telling them that approaching this beauty is dangerous.

Unfortunately, many travelers sometimes do not perceive such signals, which ultimately ends for them extremely sad.

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The most dangerous individuals live in the forests of Central and South America. Poisonous frogs are most often found on the territory:

Dwarvills are a family of amphibians, most of which are recognized as the most poisonous frogs on the planet. Amphibians differ in their small sizes (only from 12 to 25 mm) and weighing about 2 g. Frogs of this genus are characterized by luxurious colors of their bodies.

Blue, lemon, yellow-black, bright red, orange – these are just some of the shades that cannabis can be painted on.

Wood frogs are recognized as the most poisonous frogs in the world.

The sounds made by these amphibians are not at all like the usual croaking, rather, they resemble the singing of a cricket or an exotic bird. Wood cattle spend an essential part of their life on the leaves and branches of trees, hunting for small insects.

Small suckers, which are located on the toes of their paws, help them to climb the trunks. Thanks to this feature, the frog, like a climber, can overcome any vertical surface.

Unlike most amphibians, tree frogfish swim very poorly, and generally do not like water so much that they even lay eggs on leaves and branches.

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These frogs move not with jumps, but with ordinary steps. In the case of danger, they do not run away, but fall into a kind of coma, but more often show reciprocal aggression, boldly jumping on the enemy.

The most poisonous representatives of wood-dwellers are:

    Horrible listolaz (or yellow frog) – small amphibian, the length of which reaches only 2−4 cm

    The amphibian received its second name due to the rich yellow color of the body. It lives in the jungle of southwestern Colombia and is considered the most deadly frog in the world. The skin of a terrible listolaz is completely covered with poisonous mucus, which is based on the strongest toxic substance called batrachotoxin.

    This poison, even with minimal contact with the skin of any living creature, is fatal.

Bluewood – a blue frog with dark spots, quite poisonous

  • Bluewood Tree – a very cute frog, whose body is painted in a bright blue color with black patches. Distributed in Suriname, as well as on the border of French Guiana and Brazil. Amphibian is less poisonous than the previous representative, but its toxicity is also quite strong.
  • Spotted Woodcutter – luxurious frog, which has many subspecies with different variations of body colors. Amphibian poison that has accidentally entered the blood of a person or animal can cause cardiac arrest.
  • Charming listolaz – Another representative of the dangerous family of treeflies, but not as toxic as previous species. It lives in Central America. Painted black with long stripes of bright orange, turquoise or pale yellow.
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    Phyllomedusa two-colored – very large frog belonging to the family of tree frogs. Distributed in tropical forests of South America. The upper body of the amphibian is painted in a light green color, while the belly can be cream, light yellow or white.

    The interesting manner of moving two-color phyllomedusa along tree branches makes it very similar to a monkey or a chameleon, than this amphibian deserves its second nickname – monkey frog, or monkey frog.

    The manner in which two-color phyllomedusa moves along tree branches makes it very much like a monkey.

    Locals idolize this amphibian, believing that the poisonous substance secreted by its skin can heal from any diseases. Thus, the aborigines believe that the poison of phyllomedusa, trapped in the human body, is able to drive away bad energy, thereby returning good luck, endurance and lost male sexual qualities. Often, toxic mucus is used to heal snake bites, and to treat yellow fever, malaria, etc.

    The frog’s poison is extracted in a very interesting way: it is stretched by its paws (in the form of X), and then 3-4 times spat on its back, thereby irritating the phyllomedusa, which immediately begins to highlight the necessary secret. Then the poison is collected with a wooden spatula, and the amphibian is released at will.

    The method of application of toxic mucus is also rather unusual: on the aboriginal’s right forearm several small burns are applied with a coal from a fire, after which these wounds are abundantly smeared with the substance obtained. The toxic effect manifests itself almost immediately: the heartbeat increases, the pressure rises, then dizziness, nausea and vomiting begin. Some lose consciousness.

    Somewhere in 30–40 minutes, the effect of the poison ends, and the subjects return to normal, after which they happily and cheerfully go about their business.

    Strange as it may sound, modern lovers of the exotic are increasingly choosing poisonous amphibians as pets. What is not surprising, because the huge terrariums with colorful frogs sitting among the lush vegetation, not only delight the eye, but also resemble a piece of the jungle.

    Modern lovers of the exotic are increasingly choosing poisonous amphibians as pets.

    And, the main thing – to keep such an amphibian at home is absolutely safe, since in the artificial environment it completely loses its poisonous qualities. This is primarily affected by changes in the diet and living conditions of an amphibian.

    The most popular terrarium frogs today are tree frogs. The main advantages of these amphibians:

    • easy care;
    • the variety and beauty of the frog;
    • small sizes;
    • Drevolazam fully fits room temperature;
    • even same-sex individuals get along well in one terrarium;
    • different interesting behavior.

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    Drevolazov contain in terrariums of horizontal type with moderate humidity and good ventilation. The dimensions of such a “house” must first be selected on the basis of the size of the terrarium vegetation, which these frogs necessarily need.

    For example, 2−3 pairs of individuals will feel great on a site measuring 60 by 60 cm with a wall height of about 50−70 cm.

    Medium or coarse gravel can be used as soil. It is very important that the stones are constantly slightly moistened, so they should be sprayed with settled water once a day.

    Drevvolazam perfect room temperature from + 22 to + 27 ° C, at night it can be lowered to +18 ° C. Such conditions are quite sufficient for normal vital activity of both amphibians and terrarium plants.

    Since tree frogs are day-type amphibians, special attention should be paid to lighting: frogs should be provided with good light for 12 hours.

    In addition, amphibians vital ultraviolet, so it is very important that the terrarium was equipped with such a device. In no case can not use special warming lamps designed for reptiles (especially desert lizards and turtles), because under strong lighting the delicate skin of amphibians just burns.

    Amphibians vital ultraviolet, so it is very important that the terrarium was equipped

    Low vegetation with large leaves, such as tradescantia and various bromeliads, are well suited as vegetation. Also necessarily need a thick snag or a small part of the tree trunk.

    It is imperative that fresh water is always available, which is recommended to be kept in the shell of a coconut.

    Experienced breeders traditionally feed woodworms with fruit flies, a favorite delicacy of these frogs. However, the novice owner of amphibians with such a “feed” may experience some difficulties (flies have a not very pleasant feature to scatter throughout the apartment), so at the initial stage you can feed the frogs with larvae of larvae or springtails.

    The transformation of a tadpole into a frog is a long process, which will take 2–3 months

    Dart frogs reach their sexual maturity at the age of about a year. After fertilization, females lay a very small number of eggs (only 3-5) in various shelters. After about 20–25 days, small tadpoles appear, which are immediately transferred to a small plastic bowl with clean water.

    Young animals are fed with the usual mixture for fry of aquarium fish. The transformation of a tadpole into a frog is a rather long process, which will require 2–3 months.

    Thus, even very dangerous and deadly frogs can turn into cute apartment pets, daily pleasing their owner with funny behavior and beauty.

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