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Peculiarities of the maintenance of the aquarium snail coil

The snail coil is one of the most well-known species of the gastropod family. This small creature is unpretentious in care and does not require special conditions of detention. It can accidentally get into the aquarium and bring many benefits to the artificial reservoir.

However, with improper care, the coils can be dangerous to the health of other inhabitants, as they are carriers of various diseases.

The clam coil belongs to the order of pulmonary snails, which can go without water for some time and breathe air. It quickly adapts to its new habitat conditions and is able to survive even in the most extreme conditions.

Before you get this representative of the aquatic fauna, you need to decide what the coil looks like and what are its behavioral characteristics.

First of all, aquarium lovers pay attention to the clam shell. It is spiral and can have from 4 to 8 curls. Their number depends on the age of the creature and its size.

The weight of the “house” of the cochlea can reach 90% of the total mass. It is translucent and can be a variety of shades.

Through the shell, the internal organs of the mollusk are clearly visible.

Inside, the coil stores a small bubble of air that helps it descend to the bottom of the reservoir and rise to the surface. This type of snail is small, as it can grow only up to 4 centimeters in length. At home, this figure is significantly lower than in the wild and rarely exceeds 1 cm.

An interesting feature of the coils is that the larger the population lives in the aquarium, the smaller the size of the individuals.

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The color of the mollusk’s body comb is also varied. There are individuals that are painted in red or even pink.

Under natural conditions, they are usually darker and may be brown in color.

The coil moves slowly and smoothly, like all other types of its family. Movement occurs thanks to a wide leg with a flat sole. At the same time the snail produces a small amount of mucus, which greatly simplifies this process.

However, this adversely affects the ability to float on the surface of the reservoir. This type of mollusks has an “iron character” and can lead its usual way of life even in the most severe conditions.

A snail breathes with a large lung, which occupies most of the space inside the shell. In addition, the coil can receive oxygen through the skin, but its amount is not enough to conduct a full life and reproduction.

On the small round head of the snail are paired tentacles and horns. At the ends of the latter are the organs of vision. They are very poorly developed and are able to distinguish only daytime from daytime.

The mollusk has a full blood system and a tiny heart. His blood contains a small amount of hemoglobin, which stains it in scarlet color.

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The life of the coil is not more than 3 years. In the wild, this indicator is significantly reduced, as the snail is a desirable source of food for amphibians, small reptiles and aquatic birds.

In most cases, the horny or horny red coil becomes the home dweller, but this diversity of the species does not end there. Aquarium snail reel can be found in the wild and have a slightly different appearance.. The most famous of them are:

  1. Horny This mollusk is widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia. Often you can meet him in the Caucasus and in the Russian Federation. Horn coil loves to hide in dense vegetation and spend all his life there. It feeds near the bottom of the reservoir. There the snail is looking for soft food (rotten leaves, plants, animals, sludge), which is suitable for its weak jaws. This species of snails rarely grows over 3.5 cm and has a maximum of 5 turns on an olive-colored or pink shell.
  2. Horn red. Such a representative of the aquatic fauna is one of the smallest in its family. The mollusk grows only up to 2 centimeters in diameter and has a bright red shell. Otherwise, behavior and lifestyle are very similar to the horn coil.
  3. Far East. The main habitats of this mollusk are the wetlands of East Asia. A distinctive feature of the form are several oblique wavy lines located throughout the sink.
  4. Kilevataya. This snail is distinguished by its thin “house”, which is approximately comparable in size to the Far Eastern one. The clam got its name due to a small seam (keel), which runs along the shell of the shell and divides it into two equal parts. The keeled coil feeds on food debris at the bottom of an artificial or natural reservoir.
  5. Wrapped up. The main feature of this coil is a transparent shell. In diameter, it never exceeds 1 centimeter, has low strength and is colored yellowish. In the wild, you can find it in the waters of Asia, Europe and Siberia. This species is distinguished by its fecundity and good adaptive abilities, therefore it often fills the entire water body and causes irreparable damage to the ecosystem.

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The maintenance and breeding of the coil snail in the aquarium is not difficult even for novice aquarists. This gastropod mollusk quickly adapts to new conditions and withstands all water pollution, as well as temperature changes.

Despite the simplicity of this type of snails, it is still necessary to try to maintain the most comfortable conditions for them. Thanks to this, the coils can grow and multiply faster.

In addition, it is important to create conditions for them that will be similar to those where they live.. To do this, observe the following requirements..

  1. Coils can live in aquariums of any size. It is important to take into account the fact that they climb on any surface perfectly and can escape. To avoid this, you need to cover the tank with any flat object with small holes for better aeration.
  2. The ideal temperature for these mollusks is 22–28 degrees above zero.
  3. Coils, like any other snail, need a constant supply of calcium. Without it, they can get sick or even die. In order to prevent the development of a worse scenario, you can add special preparations to the water that saturate the liquid with calcium.
  4. We can not allow finding dead snails in the aquarium. They quickly decompose and spoil the quality indicators of water. Beginners will be quite difficult to identify a living individual from a dead one, so you should pay attention to the smell and the presence of blood inside the shell.

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Coils are not picky about food and are able to develop normally not only with the consumption of animal food, but also with vegetable food. This representative of the fauna is the orderly of the aquarium, as it is able to pick up the remains of fish feed and eat the dead aquatic creatures.

The basis of their diet consists of:

  • dead plants or rotten remains of it;
  • remains of fish food;
  • dead fry and invertebrates;
  • vegetables (zucchini, zucchini, cucumbers);
  • lettuce leaves and other greens.

All plant products that are intended for snails must necessarily undergo heat treatment. To save time, simply boil them with boiling water.

The coils do not need any additional feedings, except for calcium, and easily find in the aquarium everything necessary for a full and healthy life.

This important process proceeds rather quickly and practically without human participation. All that is needed is to maintain optimal temperature conditions and provide sufficient food.

Coils are among the most prolific gastropods. They are hermaphroditic and capable of breeding without the help of individuals of the opposite sex. Reproduction begins after reaching the age of 1 year and is carried out in several stages:

  1. The snail lays eggs on the glass of the tank, stones, decorative elements and vegetation of the aquarium.
  2. For 10−30 days, maturation of the future coils occurs. The speed of development of babies depends on the indicator of water temperature. The higher it is, the faster the whole process will go.
  3. Cubs born to the world can immediately eat their parents’ food and move around the pond.

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Aquarium coils are capable of bringing both benefits to the aquarium and harm. Because of this inconsistency, many aquarists dislike them and try to destroy them.

Among the useful properties of this type of mollusks can be identified as follows:

  1. Beautiful appearance, which makes pleasant observation from the side.
  2. Coils feed on the remnants of food and plants, which allows high-quality clean the aquarium.
  3. They eat only rotten or spoiled algae and do not touch healthy ones.
  4. Remove plaque from the walls of the aquarium and prevent the appearance of a film on the surface of the water.
  5. They are indicators of water quality.
  6. Used as a staple food for some species of fish.

In addition to the benefits, coil snails can cause a lot of damage. They multiply rapidly, which can be a real disaster for other aquarium dwellers and their owners.

Negative manifestations:

  1. They pollute the water in the reservoir with waste products.
  2. With a shortage of food, snails can start eating healthy plants.
  3. They carry various diseases and parasites.

If you do not take any measures to control the number of coils in the aquarium, then you can face the problem of their excessive population. This will lead to pollution of the artificial reservoir and may harm the rest of the fauna.

In this case, the only way out will be getting rid of most snails.

This can be done in a variety of ways. It is important to choose one of them that does not harm the fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium.. The most popular ways to get rid of the coils are:

  1. Reducing the amount of feed. Because of this, hungry fish will begin to look for alternative food sources and turn their attention to a large population of snails.
  2. Dip the blackened banana peel into the aquarium. In a few hours, almost all the snails will gather at it, which they will only have to get from the bottom.
  3. Remove from the aquarium adults that have reached puberty.
  4. Get aquarium catfish, which are happy to eat eggs of snails.
  5. Run into the aquarium predatory snail Helena. She gluttonous and quickly destroy all the coils.
  6. Use specialty chemicals. This option is used only as a last resort, when all the others have not yielded the desired result. Excessive use can lead to the death of not only snails, but also other inhabitants.

It is necessary to get rid of ordinary coils gradually. Their sudden disappearance can cause an imbalance of microflora, which will lead to negative consequences for all plants and animals in the aquarium.

Aquarium snail coil is a beautiful and unusual creature. With proper control of its population, it is possible to achieve a positive effect, which consists in cleaning the tank from rotten plants and fish food debris.

This will help improve the quality of water and the conditions of all aquatic inhabitants.

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