An aquarium populated with fish is the most common variant of hobbies in the underwater world at home. However, today you can show imagination and equip, for example, aquaterrarium – the house of aquatic turtles.
For such a case, an unpretentious, non-capricious, not distinguished by large size species – an ordinary musk turtle. It is almost all the time under water and does not require the equipment of an open separate place under the sun (lamp), except for the breeding process.
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Small (up to 10 cm) creation, consisting of an oval strong house and a rather vulnerable body. Carapax has an oval shape, from light olive to dark brown staining.
The body is brownish in color with clearly drawn light stripes, giving the baby a special appeal. The eyes are located on the sides of the small head and directed downwards. Keeled musk turtle is slightly larger (up to 16 cm in length).
Carapax-round, resembles a roof. A wavy ridge passes through its entire surface, giving the individual a certain seriousness.
Particular attention – neck. It is able to stretch to a considerable length, something like a snake.
In the mouth – the teeth and the special structure of the tongue. The fact is that this species of reptile is able to extract oxygen from water with the help of tongue. That is why for breathing individuals do not necessarily float to the surface.
They can be almost all the time under water, except for the moments for reproduction.
The tail is long and agile, at the same time strong. He participates in swimming movements, performing the function of the steering wheel.
There are small membranes on the paws between the fingers to facilitate the collection of water. However, the main jogging movement while swimming is provided by the hind legs: they are strong and longer.
The male from the inside is covered with special bearings, but they play a certain role in mating.
The fact is that in the lower part of the body of this type there are musky glands under the shell. If the reptile is frightened, under stress or under the influence of negative factors, these glands secrete a special yellow liquid, which is characterized by a sharp unpleasant odor.
This is a sign of the poor internal state of the musk bug, you should pay special attention to this and help cope with stress.
The musk turtle is not a glutton, but far from a vegetarian. Referring to the predators, she will not miss any prey from their clawed paws.
Food can be torn apart by teeth or swallowed whole. In this case, it is possible that she chokes.
Therefore, it is not necessary to give in large pieces or in a very solid state.
Animal food rich in protein is necessary for growing individuals. Their nutrition is characterized by:
- regularity (every day);
- balanced diet;
- the presence of vitamins and trace elements;
- calcium fortification to strengthen the shell.
Meat and fish minced meat, squids, shrimps, clams, insects and snails are suitable as animal feed.
Older individuals benefit from plant foods such as chopped greens, cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage, and others. In extreme cases, the reptile can nibble young shoots of aquarium plants.
One of the recommendations in the organization of food may be the following: at the time of feeding, it is worth trying to plant the turtles into a nearby aquarium. Immediately after eating, after 15-20 minutes, you can bring them back.
This will avoid water contamination by food debris and its rotting. In addition, almost always while eating, turtles have a bowel movement, which further pollutes the environment.
Musk Tortoise: content must be neat and regular. Need to establish control follows:
- water temperature;
- soil quality;
- correct placement of plants (better in pots. in order to avoid digging);
- the presence of conditions for underwater travel and explore the bottom.
The presence of a bridge to stay in the fresh air for musk individuals is not required. However, if reproduction is planned, it is better to think about it in advance.
The fact is that the laying of eggs occurs precisely on land, in a humid and warm place, which can be poles, depressions or artificial small containers.
Externally, female and male individuals do not differ from each other. Sometimes, when you buy a company in one place at a time, you can only get females.
Therefore, it is recommended to buy in different places and, better, at different times.
When the breeding time comes, the male climbs on top of the female, helping himself to be held with the help of thorns on his hind legs. The fertilized female carries some future children inside of itself for some time, after which it starts laying eggs.
A few days before that, she eats a lot and is looking for a place under an artificial sun, preferably with an ultraviolet lamp. In the period from May to August, the female can lay eggs several times, in each clutch there can be 2-3. Having completed the process, the “mother” does not care for her children, but goes back to the reservoir.
Turtles hatching in 2-3 months can sit in their shelter all winter, feeding on the contents of the yolk sac. But it is in nature.
Exceptions may be made to the aquarium. Kids get autonomy much faster, because weather conditions do not affect the parameters of the microclimate in the aquarium.
Since the turtle way of life is significantly different from the fish, the design of the aquarium should be appropriate. For one or two individuals, an area of an aquarium of 20 by 40 cm is sufficient.
The height of the water in it should not exceed 15 cm, although musk varieties will not suffer in a deeper house.
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