The marble Abramites, the scientific name of Abramites hypselonotus, belongs to the Anostom family. Currently, the vast majority of fish of this species sold are caught in the wild.
Marble reaches his maturity at the age of 1.5-2 years.
It is quite difficult to breed fish in aquarium conditions. To achieve stable results in their dilution is possible only by hormonal injections.
Spawning doubles. Before spawning, the producers are seated in different aquariums and are fed abundantly with various feeds for 15 days. A couple of fish or in the ratio of 1 male to 2-3 females are planted for spawning.
As a spawning there can be a small aquarium with a volume of about 20 liters. As the soil you need to apply a mixture of sand, activated carbon and peat crumb in equal proportions. Water should be old, slightly salty, peat should be placed in the filtering element of the water filter.
The water level in the aquarium should be at around 25 cm. The stimulus to the beginning of spawning is a gradual increase in water temperature to 28 ° C.
In the process of spawning, one female sweeps 200-250 eggs. At the above temperature, the eggs are incubated for a day.
As soon as the fry swim, they begin to be fed lively dust, and after a couple of weeks they begin to give nauplius Artemia.
Originally from South America, it is found along the entire length of the Amazon and Orinoco river basin on the territory of the modern states of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela. It lives in the main river channels, tributaries and backwaters, mostly with muddy water, as well as in places that are flooded annually during the rainy season.
- The volume of the aquarium – from 150 liters.
- Temperature – 24–28 ° C
- PH value – 6.0–7.0
- Water hardness – from mild to medium hardness (2-16dGH)
- Substrate type – sand or small pebbles
- Lighting – moderate
- Brackish water – no
- Water movement is weak
- Fish size – up to 14 cm.
- Food – a combination of live food with herbal supplements
- Temperament – relatively peaceful, content alone, can damage long fins in other fish
Adults reach a length of up to 14 cm, sexual dimorphism is weakly expressed. The fishes have a silvery color with wide black vertical stripes. The fins are transparent.
On the back there is a small hump, which is almost not noticeable in young.
Abramites marble in the wild feeds mainly at the bottom with various small insects, crustaceans and their larvae, organic detritus, seeds, pieces of leaves, algae. In the home aquarium, as a rule, you can serve live or frozen bloodworm, daphnia, artemia, etc. In combination with herbal supplements in the form of finely chopped pieces of green vegetables or algae, or special dry flakes based on them.
This species has a very wide area of distribution, so the fish is not very whimsical to the design of the aquarium. The only point to which attention should be paid is that Abramites is inclined to eat plants with soft leaves.
Water conditions are also a wide allowable range of values, which is an undoubted advantage in the preparation of the aquarium, but at the same time poses one danger. Namely, the conditions in which the fish is kept by the seller may differ significantly from yours.
Before buying, be sure to check all key parameters (pH and dGH) and adjust them.
The minimum set of equipment is standard and includes a filtration and aeration system, lighting and heating. The tank must always be equipped with a lid to avoid accidental jumping out.
Maintenance of the aquarium is reduced to a weekly replacement of a part of water (15–20% of the volume) with fresh and regular soil cleaning from organic waste, food debris.
Marble Abramites belong to conditionally peaceful species and are often intolerant to smaller neighbors and members of their own species, prone to damage to long fins from other fish. It is advisable to keep one by one in a large aquarium in the company of strong fish of similar or slightly larger size.
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