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How many years do snails live at home?

The snail is a gastropod class clam. It is difficult to confuse with other animals due to the presence of a protective shell and a slow way of life. These unique mollusks perfectly take root not only in the wild, but also at home.

Fans of aquariums often use them, but do not know how many snails live. This indicator depends on many factors with which you can significantly extend the life of a pet.

Snails can be kept in a home aquarium.

Anyone who wants to have a mollusk in their aquarium should know its structure, behavior and food preferences. On this will depend not only the life expectancy of the snail, but also its health.

Not very knowledgeable people are often called snails of all gastropods with outer shells. However, this is not quite true.

The main feature of these mollusks is the structure of the body. It consists of 4 main parts:

  • heads;
  • feet;
  • mantle fold;
  • inner bag.

In addition to the shell, snails have other distinctive features of the structure.

This inhabitant of the aquarium moves with the help of muscle contraction, which create wave-like movements. For a smoother and more comfortable movement on a hard surface, the skin of snails exudes special mucus.

Inside the shell of the animal is an inner bag, twisted into a spiral. In addition, the mollusk has gills with which it feels comfortable in the aquatic environment.

They are located in the mantle and consist of several parts (input and output siphon). Also in the mantle are:

  • renal ducts;
  • intestines;
  • excretory system;
  • genitals;
  • light (only for creatures living on land).

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Separate attention deserves the head of the snail. It houses all the most important organs of the animal, such as the oral cavity, eye stalks and tentacles that act as the organ of touch.

All snails, like many other mollusks, have a protective shell. It consists of the following layers:

  1. Periostracum. It is the thinnest of all and consists of a conhiolin protein. This layer serves as protection from external factors and covers the entire sink.
  2. Ostrakum. It consists of calcium carbonate and is the basis of the whole “house” of the mollusk.
  3. Hypostracum. This is the inner layer of the shell, which is in contact with the body of the snail.

Food preferences of all gastropods directly depend on their habitat. Because of their small mobility, snails have no right to sort out food and eat everything that they come across.

The variety of their “dishes” is amazing. The diet may include the following:

  • fish fry;
  • crustaceans;
  • insects;
  • worms;

Snails are omnivorous, but care must be taken to ensure that there is enough calcium in their diet.

  • carrion;
  • plant remains;
  • fresh plants;
  • smaller snails.

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For the inhabitants of sushi, typical food can be plant leaves, berries, grass, tree bark, fruits and vegetables.

The main mineral for all types of snails is calcium. He must be included in the diet of the animal, otherwise the creature will begin to eat its shell, which will lead to its destruction. Aquarium dwellers can be fed with such delicacies:

  • plants for the aquarium;
  • food for fish;
  • finely chopped vegetables and fruits;
  • seaweed pills;
  • eggshell.

One of the main indicators of the correct care of snails is their life expectancy. It depends on many components, under which you can enjoy the beauty of these creatures for many years.

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Each type of snail is unique and has its own characteristics that in one way or another affect the lifespan. All of them have long been studied and allow aquarium lovers to take good care of their pets.

To increase the lifespan of snails, do not limit their diet only to fish food.

From a few major factors depends on how much snails live at home. Among them are the following:

  1. Proper nutrition. It is the basis of a long and healthy mollusc life. Some aquarium species very quickly get used to the food and, without much desire, use other food. To avoid this, you need to change the diet as often as possible and include new products in it.
  2. In order for animals to live a long life, they must be protected from sudden changes in temperature.
  3. Molluscs need to be constantly fed with calcium carbonate. It is very important for their body and helps develop normally. This substance is contained in the shell of chicken eggs, as well as chalk.
  4. For snails living on land, you need to maintain a comfortable level of humidity for them.
  5. When breeding them is best deposited in a separate aquarium. So you can protect the eggs and future youngs from aquarium fish, which they will eat with pleasure.

The aquarium where snails live is best covered

  1. It is very important to control the number of mollusks in the aquarium. In large quantities, they can harm the rest of the inhabitants or just start starving.
  2. When keeping and breeding snails, it is very important not to leave the top cover of the aquarium open. Some species are able to climb on the vertical barrier and climb out.
  3. In no case should snails be given any salty food. Salt for them is a deadly poison. When it enters the body, the animal quickly dies.

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All gastropods do not have a very strong immunity, so with the wrong care they can get sick and die. It is from this and will depend on how many years the snails live in the aquarium.

To prevent negative consequences, it is necessary to know what diseases snails have. The most dangerous among them are:

  1. Cracked, holed or broken sink. This disease is much more common and can cause death of the animal. If you find the slightest damage, you must immediately put the clam into another aquarium and increase the amount of calcium in its diet. In addition, it is necessary to provide him with ideal living conditions, such as complete rest, optimal water temperature, high humidity (for land species).
  2. Shell lamination. In most cases, this problem occurs due to malnutrition. Other causes of its occurrence may be severe stresses to which the animal was exposed (sharp temperature drops, starvation), as well as poor heredity.

Snails have a number of diseases that the aquarium owner should be aware of.

  1. White plaque on the “house” of the mollusk. Appears under improper conditions of maintenance or aging of the animal. Sometimes the cause of such a disease is worn, resulting from exposure to the sink of any external factors.
  2. Burns With improper care, the cochlea can get a chemical or thermal burn. Its first signs are minimal mobility and shelter in the sink. An increase in humidity and the inclusion of juicy foods (cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkins, watermelons, strawberries, apples, pears, etc.) will help to correct the situation.
  3. Poisoning. This problem occurs due to poor quality or stale food. At the first sign of the need to immediately remove the remnants of old food and pour new (more recent).
  4. Organ prolapse Occurs when an injury occurs. It can be caused not only by any object in the aquarium, but also by the effects of its other inhabitants.
  5. Self-gnawing Often there are situations in which the mollusk begins to eat its shell. Such an unusual action occurs due to the lack of calcium in his body. Other causes can be severe stress and poor heredity.

Snails, like all gastropods, are one of the favorite products of many inhabitants of water and land. Because of this, they often die and do not live up to the proper age.

At home, eliminating snails’ natural enemies from an aquarium will help solve this problem.. These include such aquarium inhabitants:

  • gourami;
  • cichlids;
  • aquarium shrimp;
  • voiletail, telescope, lionhead, and other members of the Goldfish family.

Some species of aquarium fish eat snails

In the wild, snails have even more enemies. They all enjoy eating clams, as they are nutritious and readily available. Water creatures in the wild have such enemies:

  • sardine, goby, mackerel, herring;
  • starfish;
  • hermit crabs;
  • trout;
  • frogs;
  • herons and storks.

In the wild, snails have many more enemies than in an aquarium

Not deprived of the attention of predators and land dwellers. They are attacked not only by mammals, but also reptiles, as well as birds. Enemies of snails living on land are:

In order to determine how many large snails live, and to maximize this indicator, it is necessary to try to provide them with comfortable living conditions. Each species has its own nuances of content, but in most cases they are very similar. These include:

  1. Volume capacity for content. For one big snail you need at least 10 liters of water.
  2. A snail tank should not stand next to lamps and other lighting fixtures. In addition, it is necessary to exclude contact with direct sunlight.
  3. Peat, tree bark, sawdust can be used as soil.

One snail needs a space of at least 0.01 m3 (10 liters of water)

  1. For aquarium species, you need to constantly maintain the water temperature from +25 ° C to +30 ° C.
  2. For land snails you need to maintain a constant level of moisture and monitor the condition of the litter.
  3. The tank in which snails live should be cleaned regularly.

Of all the types of snails that can be kept at home, there are several long-livers. Many of them belong to large mollusks and can reach really large sizes. Long-livers are:

  1. Achatina. This type of mollusks can please the owners for at least 5 years, and with proper care and compliance with all the rules of maintenance – 10 years. In the wild, they are quite rare and cause irreparable harm to agriculture. Because of this, they often become victims of human beings and rarely live to “retirement” age.

The maximum lifespan of a snail is 7 years

  1. Grape. To understand how much a snail lives, you need to create the most comfortable conditions for it. If everything is done correctly, then she can live from 6 to 7 years. This species has the ability to regenerate organs, so even with serious injuries it can survive and return to normal.
  2. Marisa The natural habitat of its habitat are swamps, lakes, rivers and other water bodies with rich vegetation. In the conditions of the aquarium, she feels no less comfortable and can live up to 4 years.
  3. Ampullar. For this type of snail it is vital to maintain the water temperature at 23-25 ​​° C. Under such conditions, she can live for about 4 years.
  4. Pokemon. These representatives of Gastropods are very bright, originally painted and look great in an aquarium. Their main disadvantage is the life expectancy, which is only 1 year.

Tilomelia will decorate your aquarium with its unusual shell shape

  1. Red coil. This freshwater beauty is unpretentious to food and can even eat carrion. She is able to live at least two years.
  2. Tilomelaniya One of the most beautiful snails, which requires special conditions of detention. Aquarium lovers are advised to keep it separate from other species. So she can live much longer and reach the age of 7 years.
  3. Neretina. Lives for about a year, but during this period often multiplies. For the aquarium, it is very useful, as it eats up most of the rotted algae.
  4. Helena. A feature of this species is the ability to eat other mollusks. She lives for about two years and reproduces well.
  5. Pagoda. This snail is nocturnal, for which she is not very fond of. For 2 years of its existence, it is able to cope with excess algae and plants.

Snails are wonderful creatures that can not only decorate an aquarium, but also be useful. With the right content and compliance with all the recommendations of professionals, you can significantly prolong their life and enjoy their beauty.

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