The giant Akhatina (Akhatina Fulika) is the most famous representative of the Achatina genus. In the east, it is a pest eating agricultural plants, and in European countries, fulik snails are kept as pets and used in cosmetology and cooking.
Homeland Achatina Fulika – East Africa, the area has spread to other continents. In some countries, snails are forbidden to keep and breed.
Representatives of the fulik species have different colors: the shell is light or brown with a yellow or reddish pattern. Shell conical shape, consists of 7-10 revolutions. The body is light, yellowish and dark.
There are 4 tentacles on the head: long ones serve as eyes, short ones as a sensory organ that helps to perceive odors. Scent is well developed.
The maximum size of an adult individual is 35 cm in length and 15 cm in width. Shell up to 15–20 cm. Weight up to 600 g.
The period of activity of Achatina fulica falls at night, the snails feed and crawl along the walls of the aquarium. During the day the mollusks are sleeping, hiding in a shell. Adults are less mobile than young ones.
Snails are able to overcome long distances. They are not a curious species, communication of individuals occurs during mating.
The olfactory organs play a major role in the perception of the surrounding world.
Sexual maturity comes in 6–15 months. Achatina fulika – hermaphrodite.
At least two individuals are required for mating. Large snail acts as a female. Self-fertilization is possible in rare cases with a low population.
A fertilized snail may produce offspring for the next 2 years. In one laying 200–300 eggs, which Achatina can lay every couple of months.
Achatina fulika actively grow 2 years, then growth slows down. Do not need hibernation.
Representatives of the fulik species live up to 10 years with good care.
There are several varieties of Achatina fulik, which are kept at home. Subspecies differ in body color and shells.
Common shell stains in achatina fulica are sandy with several brown stripes and solid brown. Columella (rim on the right edge of the mouth of the shell) is white or bluish in color. In order to accurately determine the subspecies fulica, it is necessary to consider columella, which is covered with a mantle in young snails, and is clearly visible in adults.
Body color Achatina fulica standard from beige to black-brown. There is also a view with a white leg – Achatina fulika albino.
Latin subspecies name: Achatina fulica var. hamillei. It differs from simple Fuliki in coloring of apex, in Hemeli apex is pink.
In Achatina fulica var. hamillei f. Rodatzi light sand shell with yellow stripes. The body of Achatina Fulika is dark with light patches.
There is also a light look – albino rodation.
Albino body (White jade / White Jades) – albino snail shape, different white body and no visible pupils. The coloring of albino is found in almost all species of Achatina and Archahatin.
Achatina does not require a lot of care and additional equipment, a comfortable temperature of 25–28 degrees, humidity of 60–80% (with the content of an adult individual, the maximum humidity level is up to 65%). Feed Achatina, timely clean the terrarium.
It is not necessary to bathe Achatina, maximum – to spray while cleaning. Their body is slippery, the dirt does not remain and does not harm the pet. Achatina – big fans of digging into the ground, so they are always dirty.
And while bathing, you can damage the connection of the body to the sink.
Place Achatina in a rectangular aquarium, terrarium or other container. Holes in the lid are not needed, since the air in the terrarium should be constantly humid. Indicator – condensate on the walls.
If the terrarium is with holes, then the air will dry out. It is practically not needed by snails – they just have enough of what goes into the terrarium when feeding and cleaning.
Volume per individual from 10 l. Do not use a cardboard box, as the cardboard is completely unsuitable for high humidity conditions, and the fulica snail can eat cardboard, which can be fatal. A bowl of water is not needed; the snail is quite enough of the moisture that is contained in the soil and settles on the walls of the terrarium.
An additional bowl of water with a snail will easily turn over and turn a moderately moist soil into a swamp. Food is best served with a bowl to prevent mold.
Suitable soil – coconut substrate or a mixture of peat with sand and earth. Unsuitable clay, pebbles and sawdust.
Cover the substrate with a layer of 7–10 cm so that the clam will be buried in the sand. Ensure that there is no fertilizer and sharp elements in the ground.
It is useful to add husks from nuts, seeds or peanuts to the substrate.
Achatina always crawling on the walls, it is an indicator of normal humidity.
The same soil with proper cleaning can serve for several years. Sometimes, for prophylaxis, it can be boiled or calcined in the oven to kill harmful bacteria.
In the diet is dominated by plant foods:
- non-acidic varieties of apples;
- lettuce leaves;
Calcium, necessary to maintain the strength of shells and normal growth, is obtained from egg shells and special chalk. Grind them to powder. Calcium dressing can be put separately or sprinkle food on it.
Calcium should always be available.
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