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Content of the red-eared turtle at home

A red-eared or yellow-bellied turtle is the most common type of exotic reptile. The popularity of her provides her unique appearance. Often the owners do not know the rules of care for their pets, which leads to illness and the subsequent death of these beautiful creatures.

To avoid the sad consequences, you should carefully study the characteristics of the dwelling turtle in the home.

A red-eared, or yellow-bellied, turtle is the most common type of exotic reptile.

In the wild, exotic reptiles are found throughout the United States, Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela, Britain, Spain, Israel, South Africa, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Australia. This type of freshwater turtles received its name thanks to a clearly visible red or orange band located in the region of the eyes and neck.

The top of the shell of the red-eared bug (carapax) is distinguished by an olive color with black and yellow lines. To the touch it is smooth.

The lower part of the shell (plastron) in young green, but with age it begins to darken.

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The reptile is medium in size, its shell length is between eighteen and thirty centimeters. Females are larger than males. The representatives of this species are well developed smell and vision, which compensate for poor hearing.

Animals also have weak vocal cords, but this does not prevent small reptiles from sometimes hissing, snorting and squeaking.

The average life expectancy is twenty-five years, but there are also long-livers able to overcome half a century. In many respects it depends on the correctness of keeping red-eared turtles at home.

Turtles spend time in leisurely swimming, which is interrupted by a long rest on land.

Buying turtles should be in specialized pet stores or nurseries, where you can count on getting expert advice. The ideal option would be self-familiarization with the necessary information.

When buying a pet, a cashier’s check should be requested from the seller. It can be useful if the animal is sick and you have to return it.

Also, the check may be needed in case of crossing the state border.

Buying a turtle, be sure to keep a check.

The best time of year to buy a red-eared bug is the beginning of spring. After acquiring the baby will be ahead of a warm time for easy adaptation. This process slows significantly when buying a pet during the cold season.

In addition, in the fall or winter, the fragile animal body becomes much more sensitive to infections and other diseases. During the acquisition of small red-eared turtles should pay special attention to the following nuances:

  1. The shell and the skin of the animal must be free from visible damage, stains and scratches.
  2. You should pay attention to the natural activity of an exotic baby, indicating its good state of health.
  3. The eyes of a healthy turtle should normally open and be without visible turbidity. Also, they should not be sunk.
  4. No nasal discharge is allowed. You should inspect the mouth of the animal in the absence of white plaque, wounds or abrasions.

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The owner should take care of the comfortable life of the turtle at home. This applies primarily to the arrangement of housing an exotic beauty. To make it a comfortable house, you must purchase:

  1. Aquarium with a capacity of 150-200 liters.
  2. External or internal filter for water treatment.
  3. Lamp for heating.
  4. UV lamp for water turtles with UVB 10%.
  5. Heater capacity of 100 watts.
  6. Materials for arranging the coastal or island space. In pet stores offered a fully finished island.
  7. Lamp and thermometer.

Often, future owners prefer not to bother with the implementation of all recommendations. In addition, they know a little about the care and maintenance of the red-eared turtle.

The result of such irresponsibility is often a disease or death of a pet.

Read more: aquarium for a red-eared turtle.

For the red tortoise you need an aquarium with a capacity of 150-200 liters

Proper arrangement of the coastal area is vital for the animal. In the wild, turtles come out of the water to keep warm.

Achieving the ambient temperature of + 30-35 ° C is made possible by a special lamp, which should be located near the animal. But keep in mind that too close location of the heat source can cause burns.

The lamp must be isolated from water. The turtle will surely dive, and splashing onto the base may damage the device.

For this reason, the luminaire should be completely isolated from vapors and splashes. The duration of his work during the day should be 10-12 hours.

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For proper care of the red-eared bug at home, it is necessary to have an ultraviolet lamp, which ensures stable absorption of calcium and vitamins of group B. This process is essential for the proper development of the pet’s shell. In case of violation of the assimilation of necessary substances, the animal may become ill with rickets, which will lead to the curvature of its shell.

The lamp should be placed directly above the turtle so that the walls of the aquarium do not inhibit the penetration of ultraviolet rays. The operating time of the device should be about twelve hours daily.

The ultraviolet lamp will provide stable absorption of calcium and vitamins of group B

In order to keep the red-eared turtle at home, special attention should be paid to clean water. Exotic reptiles spend most of their time in it: they sleep, they eat, they manage their natural needs.

Dirty water can be a source of disease and infection. In addition, a specific odor appears in the apartment. Partially change the water once or twice a week.

Its full replacement is carried out once a month with the obligatory thorough cleaning of the walls. At the same time it is necessary to remove the entire contents of the aquarium, and transfer the tortoise to a container filled with water.

Dirty water in an aquarium can be a source of disease and infection in a red-eared turtle.

This process can be simplified by installing filtering instruments. The internal filter is not powerful enough, so the water will still have to be changed, even if not so often.

An external filter will perfectly solve the cleaning problem, but not everyone will do it because of the high price.

The water temperature in the aquarium should be 22-28 ° C. Measure it with a thermometer.

In the case of lowering the temperature of the water should be heated with a heater. Before feeding water into the aquarium, it should be allowed to stand for one to five days.

Due to this, it is cleared of chlorine and other harmful compounds.

In the process of caring for the sheepskin turtle, it should be remembered that the water level in the aquarium should be such that the animal can roll over if it suddenly appears on its back. However, the depth can not be done too large, otherwise the tortoise will not be able to get out on the shore or an island.

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For a complete understanding of how to care for a red-headed turtle, you should clarify the necessary composition of products. The exotic reptile is an omnivorous predator.

At a young age, turtles mostly eat animal food. With age, the proportion of herbal products in their menu increases. The diet should include the following set of products:

  • river lean fish;
  • beef liver or heart;
  • frogs, mice, snails of small sizes;
  • lettuce leaves or carrots;
  • insects of small sizes (crickets, earthworms, locusts, wood lice, bloodworms);
  • Clover, duckweed, Roholy, mallow, dandelion leaves.

Before the turtle reaches one year old, it must be fed once a day. After a year, feeding should be carried out every 2-3 days.

The exotic reptile is an omnivorous predator. At a young age, turtles mostly eat animal food.

It is very important to remember about prohibited products while taking care of and keeping red-eared turtles.. These include:

  • cheese;
  • chicken and pork;
  • any finished meat products;
  • fatty fish;
  • fruits;
  • bread.

In pet stores often offer dry feed for turtles, but their use should be minimal. Calcium in the form of a mineral stone should be added to the aquarium water. Bone meal is another important product for the turtle.

Toddlers should get it on a pinch every day, and adults should receive it once a week.

Read more: what to feed the red-eared turtle.

If you carelessly treat the little turtles, they may die

When a small bug appears in the aquarium, it should be surrounded with maximum care and attention. If inattentive to the gentle creation, it may die. There are several recommendations on how to care for a small red-eared turtle:

  1. It is not recommended to take babies in your arms. Stressful situations for them can end in illness and death.
  2. You can not stand over the aquarium or knocking on his glass.
  3. Do not leave the aquarium in the sun or in a draft.
  4. The water temperature for babies should be 26-27 ° C, air – 32 ° C.
  5. Water change should be carried out every two days.
  6. It is necessary to saturate the body of a bug with calcium.
  7. You can not keep kids and adults together.

It must be remembered that many of the possible health problems of the red-eared turtle can be avoided. If you follow the recommendations,Red creation will delight the owner for decades.

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