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Content and reproduction of the aquarium snail theodox

Looking at the textbooks, it is difficult to think that these are domestic clams. After all, they are so exotic and charming.

Among experienced aquarists, many contain these gastropods. Some even tried to independently catch theodox, to then put them in their aquarium.

Theodoxics can exist both in fresh and slightly brackish water bodies.

The genus snail theodoxus belongs to the family Neretid. Like most of their relatives, these creatures can exist both in fresh and slightly brackish waters. Their maximum size is about 2 cm in height.

The shell is rounded, there is a small curl that looks very much like a cup or stove. Behind on the surface of the sole there is a lid, with the help of which the snail closes its entrance, if necessary, like ampoules.

The sole is of a light shade, and the entrance and the lid have a yellowish sheen.

As for the color of the textbooks, it can be diverse, while very attractive. A contrasting pattern in the form of small and large dots or intermittent zigzags on a whitish or gray background is clearly visible on the shells.

The snail shell itself is rather thick and dense, very strong. In their natural habitat, these creatures live in reservoirs where a very strong current is observed, so they need a strong armor in such conditions.

A contrasting pattern in the form of small and large dots or intermittent zigzags is clearly visible on the shells of theodox;

Anterior molar clams are considered marine snails. But some species can live in slightly salty or fresh water. Some even adapted to live on land.

The creatures of the Neritid family have significant differences from the rather primitive invertebrates belonging to the order Archaejgastropoda. There are also some similarities, for example, the presence of a pair of atria.

Tropical creatures of the Nerithid family are widespread among aquarists. These creations have won their popularity by their very spectacular appearance. In addition, these snails are of great benefit to the aquarium.

They are rather indifferent to the greenery in the tank, but with great pleasure they eat the plaque that forms on the walls of the home pond. The price of these foreign creatures is considerable, and now their reproduction is still not debugged.

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Science does not know so many varieties of theodox. The most common ones are:

  1. Theodoxus danubialis (Theodoxus danubialis) This snail is a rather beautiful mollusk that hides under a shell of lime shade. On the surface there is a clear pattern consisting of dark zigzags of various thickness. These creatures can grow up to one and a half centimeters. They prefer to live in reservoirs where hard water is present.
  2. Theodoxus fluvatilis (Theodoxus fluviatilis). The variety is considered quite common in a vast territory, in particular, in European countries, Scandinavian countries and even in some regions of Russia. The shell of these snails of dark shades: brown, blue, purple. The shells also have a pattern in the form of clear whitish specks. This kind of Theodoxus has a very interesting habit: before eating algae, snails carefully rub them on the stones. For this reason, mollusks prefer to exist in reservoirs with stony ground.
  3. Theodoxus transversalis (Theodoxus transversalis). It is a very small snails, which are hidden in the shell without a pattern. Shell color can vary from gray to yellow or brownish.

Today, science is not aware of so many varieties of theodox

  • Theodoxus euxinus or Black Sea (Theodoxus euxinus). This black sea snail is similar in appearance to the pan-European snail Theodoxus fluviatilis. The inner part of the shell has a crescent-shaped groove. Like other types of snails, the color and patterns of the snail shell are very different and therefore not taken into account when determining the species. On a light background, you can see the mesh pattern or zigzag pattern. The body of the Black Sea snail is colored light gray with darker pigmentation on the sides and on the head. The body and head are usually completely covered with armor. Mollusks prefer to live in warm European countries: Greece, Romania, Ukraine. The Black Sea snail is common in the waters of the Black Sea basin and the Danube estuary. The mollusk was also found on the Turkish Aegean and Mediterranean coasts. It mainly inhabits the slow-flowing waters and the shores of lakes near the coast.
  • Theodoxus Pallasi (Theodoxus pallasi). This species prefers to exist in slightly brackish or completely salty water. In the natural habitat of snails can be found in the Aral, Azov and Black seas. Also mollusks live in the rivers that belong to the basins of these seas. The maximum size of a single individual is slightly less than a centimeter. The shell is a gray-yellow shade, there is a pattern in the form of dots and dark zigzags.
  • Theodoxus Astrakhanicus (Theodoxus astrachanicus). Snails live in the Dniester, as well as in the rivers belonging to the Azov Sea basin. These mollusks have a rather beautiful pattern on the shell in the form of frequent dark zigzags located on a yellow background.
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    The rivers of the Dniester, the Dnieper, the Don and the Southern Bug are considered to be the birthplace of the theodoxies, often beautiful creatures can be found in the tributaries of these rivers and lakes. The habitats of these mollusks are: tree roots submerged in water, stems of aquatic plants, and coastal stones.

    Theodoxuses are well tolerated by heat, so they can often be seen on land.

    Small freshwater snails, theodoxuses, the maintenance of which can be done at home, live in nature in rivers and lakes in the territory:

    They can also be seen in some regions of Scandinavia and in the Baltic countries.

    These creatures are considered freshwater only partially, since some species have the ability to safely exist in salty seas. Scientists claim that several hundred thousand years ago all these mollusks lived in salty sea water, after which some species eventually migrated to freshwater bodies.

    Theodoxus is considered to be partially freshwater, as some species
    exist in the salty seas

    At first glance, the content of the aquarium oxides cannot be attributed to some exotic occupation. But do not be disappointed about this, as domestic snails have a very unusual color of their shells, interesting habits, as well as unusual methods of reproduction in an aquarium.

    Theodoxuses are finally considered very beautiful creatures.

    In their natural habitat snails live on solid rocks, which can be explained by their feeding habits. The fact is that mollusks are looking for among solid stones covered with water, small algae and detritus, which are remnants of decomposed organic creatures.

    In their natural habitat snails live on solid rocks

    Theodoxses feel best in hard water. This is due to the fact that a large amount of calcium is needed to build the shell of a snail.

    Many, perhaps, not once met these snails in their native lakes, ponds and rivers, but few would have thought that these creatures can be easily grown at home in a small aquarium, while they will also carry additional benefits. On average, the life span of one individual is about 3 years.

    As scientific studies show, larger fish, such as perch and some white fish species, as well as large crayfish, can significantly reduce the number of theodoxes in the wild. Under aquarium conditions, a common snail reaches its maximum lifespan.

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    To keep these unusual snails at home does not require much effort. These creatures will feel equally comfortable at a temperature of about 19 degrees and at a temperature of about 30 degrees.

    In food prefer to eat algae, which grows on the walls of the aquarium, so these pets have an incredible benefit to the owner. However, it is worth noting that the hard types of grass in the tank, for example, black beard, are too tough for small snails.

    Also in the aquarium will remain intact tall plants, and this is a definite plus. If these mollusks dwell in the living corner, the tank will always look neat and the plantations will be clean and healthy.

    Most varieties of snails feel more comfortable in hard water, which contains a large amount of calcium, because it is necessary for the formation of a solid shell. Experts recommend adding to the aquarium sea limestone stones.

    Also snails do not tolerate stagnant fluid.

    Most species of snails feel more comfortable in hard water.

    The maximum number of individuals that can be kept in one aquarium is from 6 to 8. Since they reach a size of no more than 2 cm in size, a smaller number of them in the tank will simply be unnoticeable. In addition, a flock of 8 pieces is optimal for successful reproduction at home.

    Snails can be both heterosexual and bisexual. It is quite difficult to distinguish the male from the female.

    Another interesting feature of the textbooks is that each family member has their own place. This is the so-called zone where the mollusks rest and the zones on which the snails feed.

    Residents of theodoxy pick solid.

    Often, small snails settle in the shell of more adult mollusks.

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    If at home keeping of snails all the necessary conditions are observed and the temperature of the aquarium water is comfortable for the mollusks, then they will be able to give offspring throughout the year. The temperature of the liquid in the tank should be about 24 degrees.

    Female snails lay their eggs on hard surfaces:

    • on the rocks;
    • on snags;
    • on the walls of the aquarium.

    Small eggs are in an oblong capsule, the length of which is not more than 2 mm. Despite the fact that there are several eggs in one capsule, after one and a half or two months only one baby is born.

    The rest of the eggs serve as food for him. Small snails grow rather slowly.

    Immediately after being born, they are practically all the time in the ground. The shell of their white shell is very fragile.

    Theodoxuses will be able to produce offspring throughout the year, subject to the conditions of their detention

    The main sign of growing up is the time when the shell becomes characteristic of a particular type of color, and the patterns acquire greater contrast.

    In an aquarium, a common snail can reach sexual maturity already at the age of six months, in nature – usually only after 2 years (with a total life expectancy of about 2.5 years). The male can be recognized by the existing thickened right growth, which serves as a mating organ.

    Reproductive period between April and October.
    As a rule, the frequency of reproduction of one snail is two to three months. Since the mollusks grow very slowly, and their life expectancy is small, you should not be afraid of overpopulation of your home aquarium, as well as any disturbances in the balance of the biosystem.
    Ease of reproduction at home, unpretentiousness, as well as ease of content distinguish theodox from other types of mollusks. In addition, these snails are considered good cleaners aquariums.

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