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Aquarium shrimp: content, care and species of crustaceans

Aquarium shrimp are a decoration for any aquarium. Also freshwater aquarium shrimp is contained in special species aquariums – shrimps. These inhabitants of the aquarium are quite capricious creatures that react more strongly to the chemical composition of the water than the fish.

This article describes some of the points of maintenance of these inhabitants of freshwater aquariums, care for them, feeding and much more.

The bulk of the shrimp existing in the world lives in salt water, and only a certain number of species is freshwater. It is these species found in freshwater aquariums, along with fish.

For the maintenance of shrimp suitable aquarium – shrimp 40-80 liters. In a smaller volume of water it is harder to maintain the bio-balance, and in a large volume your little inhabitants will get lost among the scenery and decoration.

Of course, if you keep the shrimp in the general aquarium with fish, you can and should use a larger volume.

If you decide to keep aquarium shrimp in a jar where fish are already swimming, it is necessary that these fish are not predators, as they will easily take them for food and eat them with pleasure.

Consider that even large peace-loving fish can swallow your shrimp, therefore you should keep them with small-sized fish, besides various plants and other shelters in which shrimps could be alone and hide should be present in your aqua. When kept in an aquarium, it is worthwhile to settle them no more than 1 per liter of water, ideally less, but their size matters here.

The main majority of freshwater aquarium shrimp feels great with the following indicators of water:
– temperature 20-28 degrees. In no case should we allow an increase in temperature above 30 degrees, while lowering to 15 degrees will not cause them much harm, but slow down their metabolism, the shrimps will become sluggish, move a little and stop reproducing.

The pH of the water should be in the range of 6.5-7.5, i.e. biased towards alkaline reaction. Acidic water with a pH below 6.2 will destroy the shell of the shrimp (chitinous layer).

Water should be hard, because hardness salts serve as a building material for the shrimp chitinous layer.

Shrimps are very critical to temperature extremes. For example, a strong temperature drop for fish can cause stress, and it will simply kill shrimp.

Already 7 degrees of difference will be fatal.

Remember the main rule – for shrimp lethal is the copper content in the water!

Shrimps are very curious creatures, they crawl into various cracks from which they can not then get out and die there. Therefore, in the aquarium it is necessary to provide the following conditions:

  • Do not use volumetric background, as young and curious individuals can crawl into different gaps between the background and the glass.
  • When using an external filter, put a sponge on the bore tube, so that it does not accidentally hit a shrimp.
  • It is desirable to use internal filters without plastic flasks, it is desirable that the filter sponge is open.

Take care that the compressor is constantly (around the clock) turned on in your tank, as these inhabitants are very sensitive to the oxygen content in the water.

Shrimp grows like any crustacean only at the moment of dropping its chitinous cover, i.e. during the molt. The old shell becomes cramped and it removes it from itself, while for some time it remains unprotected, therefore various shelters must be present nearby. As shelters, you can use stones with large holes, or you can build it yourself from plastic tubes of small diameter, gathered together and decorated with moss on the outside.

Old shell should not be thrown out of the aquarium, because it contains nutrients that promote the rapid growth of a new shell and some shrimps can eat it.

Shrimp feed on almost any food, it is omnivores of aquarium aquarium. Despite the fact that the sale of specialized food for shrimp, you can safely do without it.

They eat unfinished fish food. Shrimps also like rotten organic waste that accumulates on the filter sponge, they are happy to eat aquarium algae and dead fish, in a word – they are indispensable orderlies.

On the other hand, hungry shrimp can gladly attack a young and tender plant, so be careful before putting it in an aquarium.

Due to the fact that shrimp eat a lot – they defecate a lot, ammonia can quickly rise in an overpopulated aquarium, so do not forget to make frequent water changes.

At the expense of shrimp and plants must observe one more precaution. Plants brought from abroad are necessarily processed by various preparations in order to destroy the existing possible parasites.

Sometimes it is a whole set of drugs and whatever you say at the pet store – be sure if the plant comes from another country, it must be processed. And if such treatment is harmless for aquarium fish, then for shrimp it can be deadly. But there is a way out of this situation – to buy plants grown in local aquariums or quarantine them for some time in a separate container.

At least a day it is necessary to keep the plant in a separate container with frequent changes of water, so that the main concentration of various chemicals out of them, although some drugs can be in plants for more than 2 weeks.

Among the aquarium shrimp there is a very large variety of species, each of which differs not only in size and color, but also in its ability to reproduce. At the end of this post, we published a photo of some species of shrimp.

The most common species that can be found in aquariums are:



Blue bee

Yellow shrimp

Green shrimp


Red crystal

Freshwater Khanka shrimp


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