Dreaming of becoming owners of a marine reptile, visitors to pet shops often opt for a water eared red tortoise. This animal does not require careful care, however, feeding the bug should be approached with special attention.
The harmless reptile is the most real predator, therefore it is necessary to feed it not only with vegetable food, but also with protein food, which will make the red-eared turtle healthy.
Despite the fact that red-eared turtles are unpretentious in food and are omnivorous creatures, the basis of the nutrition of reptiles should be food with a high protein content.
The approximate diet of a red-eared turtle includes the following components:
- Meat and offal of animal origin.
- Various types of fresh fish and seafood, dried factory feed.
- Vegetable food – greens, fruits and vegetables.
In addition to this list of products, additional feedings in the form of vitamins and minerals are necessary for the healthy development of the turtle. This is especially true at the stage of maturation of the individual, the growing body of which needs trace elements.
If the pet regularly eats fresh meat, fish and vegetables, taking vitamins is not mandatory. However, some owners, trying to save on the maintenance of a pet, feed the bug exclusively with semi-finished products, which have a very dubious benefit.
In this case, a course of vitamins is vital.
Turtle eating cabbage
It is important to remember that the diet of turtles depends on age. Young individuals who have not reached the age of one year old take the necessary elements for the development of the organism in animal products.
An adult turtle is recommended to feed more diversely by adding plant foods to the diet.
When purchasing a water turtle, the owner of a reptile should be prepared for having to spend money on healthy pet food. The main source of protein and vitamin A in the diet should be meat and offal. Turtles love to eat the following types of meat:
- rabbit meat;
- lean poultry meat;
Fat pork and lamb are contraindicated for turtles. Meat is sometimes given raw, but more often the product needs to be boiled so that no bacteria can enter the body of the animal.
Regular consumption of raw meat can lead to the development of rickets.
In addition to small pieces of boiled beef or poultry, red-eared turtles are happy to eat offal such as liver and heart. Food is easily digested and has a beneficial effect on the health of the skin of the individual.
In some cases, large turtles can eat a small mouse.
One of the most important components of a healthy turtle diet is sea and river fish. Any low-fat variety will work, the main thing is to properly process the fillets.
In the food should be completely absent bones and offal. Experts advise to pre-hold the fish in hot water to save the product from harmful substances.
Snowy turtles love to hunt for small fish. They enjoy eating guppies, crucians, swordtails and other inhabitants of home aquariums.
A real delicacy for these reptiles is seafood, which does not require pre-treatment and is served raw. Seafood cocktail for red eared reptiles may consist of the following ingredients:
- green shrimp;
- pieces of squid;
- octopus meat;
- snails and more.
To the bug regularly receive the necessary dose of calcium, try to pamper your pet more often with pieces of sea fish and other seafood. In their natural habitat, the ration of water turtles by more than fifty percent consists of fish, which must be taken into account when keeping an animal at home.
Red-eared turtle eating fish
In the hot summer season, the domestic diet of the red-eared turtle at home is significantly enriched with various kinds of insects. Red-eared pets with appetite eat grasshoppers, small bugs, smooth caterpillars.
At any time of year in the shops you can buy flour worm, daphnia and corertu.
The owner of the turtle, who decided to treat his pet caught cockroaches, comes very recklessly. The fact is that their body may contain poison, which the tenants of the house tried to eradicate unwanted insects.
Once in the body of a turtle, a poisonous substance is often fatal.
In order for the turtle to fully eat and its diet meant a variety of food, it is necessary to include insects in the diet. However, care must be taken to ensure that beetles, caterpillars and grasshoppers are not exposed to poisons.
It is better not to risk and buy high-quality food at the pet store.
The snail turtle is a predatory reptile, so its food must necessarily include products of animal origin. The owner of the shell can be fed the following types of meat and fish food:
- boiled and raw lean meat (poultry, veal, lamb);
- hot water treated sea and river fish;
- seafood (octopus, squid, mussels, etc.);
- various types of insects;
- small mice.
Especially important is the use of protein and calcium, which are the main components of animal feed, for young individuals. The condition of the animal’s skin, its bones and the general health of the pet directly depends on what the eared turtle eats.
In the second year of life, experienced tortoise breeders gradually introduce into the reptile food ration most of the products of plant origin. These include:
- fruits (apples and pears, some citrus varieties, peaches and plums);
- vegetables (broccoli, tomatoes, cucumbers, legumes, carrots, beets, etc.);
- green plants (meadow grass, lettuce leaves);
- occasionally mushrooms in a small amount (champignons, browns);
- aquatic algae and dried seaweed.
As the animal matures, plant ingredients are added to its diet. Despite the fact that a variety of algae and herbs seem to be the safest food for a turtle, some representatives of aquatic and terrestrial flora can harm a pet. Wines reptiles with appetite eat algae growing in the aquarium.
Most often, breeders place spirogyra sprouts, duckweed and pond algae in aquariums. But the juice of poisonous elodey poison the bug, and the animal may die.
Like any other food, vegetables, fruits and mushrooms need to be processed and cut into small pieces. Some inexperienced owners try to feed red-eared pets with berries with seeds or even orange peel.
Even if the animal eats an inedible dish, it can lead to unpleasant consequences.
Professional breeders of red-eared pets belong to artificial feed with a fair amount of skepticism. Everyone knows that natural food is much more useful semi-finished products.
In addition, most manufacturers, creating ready-made feed, do not take into account the characteristics of the turtle organism, and minimally modify dry food for fish, selling it under a different name. Feed the sea turtle with such a dubious product, of course, not worth it.
Currently, pet food stores offer a variety of feed for red-eared turtles, but only a few manufacturers produce truly high-quality products with a balanced composition. Even high-quality food in the form of flakes, capsules or tablets should be the minimum part of the diet of the red-ear reptile.
The best way out of the situation is to make food yourself from vegetables, fruits and fish, which will be a useful food for the red-eared turtle.
Sometimes even feeding exclusively with natural products does not guarantee that the body of a red-eared turtle will develop properly. An important step in the maturation of this reptile is the formation of bones and shell.
To strengthen the skeleton, experts advise feeding the turtles with food containing vitamin supplements once a week.
As a source of calcium, necessary for the construction of skeletal and shell cells, bonemeal is most often used, a pinch of which is added to reptile food. Juveniles need a daily dose of calcium, while an adult tortoise will only need one teaspoon of flour per week.
If the owner of the water turtle does not have the opportunity to feed the darling with healthy flour, you can use for this purpose a ground egg shell of a raw egg.
The frequency of feeding of a sea turtle depends on several factors, the main of which are the animal and its individual characteristics. So, feeding adult red-eared turtles will take away from their owners a minimum amount of time. The older the reptile becomes, the less often it is fed.
Some individuals need one serving per week. However, there are some nuances.
If the diet of a pet preferably consists of products of plant origin, the frequency of feeding increases. Meat and fish need more time for digestion, besides animal food nourishes the body of a turtle for a long time.
However, this should equip the flora of the aquarium, so that the pet, if desired, could have a snack on algae.
How many times a day do you need to feed a red-eared bug?
A turtle of any age is enough one serving of food per day. Quite young individuals are fed daily, with time increasing the period of abstinence up to a week.
Turtle eating meat
Her health in the future depends on what the little turtle eats. In the diet of young individuals must include seafood. Carapace kids useful to hunt for aquarium fish.
Turtles can be given mollusks and pieces of shrimp, while food is always served raw. It is impossible to feed the little red-eared turtles with products of plant origin – such food will not bring proper benefit.
The first year of life of red-eared reptiles is very important for the formation of a skeleton and a strong shell. For the healthy development of the body, babies need calcium and vitamin A, which is aimed at renewing skin cells and creating keratinized tissue.
They feed turtles on a daily basis, adding bone meal to portions. In addition to fresh fish, you can buy in the pet store a combined dry food for young individuals, after consulting with the seller.
Despite the fact that this carapace reptile is considered to be an omnivorous creature, there is a definite list of products that is absolutely contraindicated for these animals. The list of food harmful to turtles includes the following components:
- poisonous land plants and algae (elodia, ambulia, legenander);
- vegetable and animal products containing a large amount of oscars, phosphorus, purines (tomatoes, cabbage, raw liver, fatty meats, etc.);
- poisoned and poisonous insects;
- locusts and grasshoppers with teeth on legs;
- fatty meat and fish;
- bread, potatoes, etc.
Many of the products listed above contain substances that can lead to the development of diseases such as gout, goiter and iodine deficiency in a tortoise. A seemingly useful phosphorus, interferes with calcium absorption, which also applies to scars.
Even knowing the exact list of what the red-eared turtles eat or not, you can make some dangerous mistakes. The most common disease of Crustaceans is common overeating.
The owner of the animal needs to develop a strict schedule of feeding the pet, so as not to succumb to the provocations of a sly little face that just begs. However, if it is obvious that the tortoise is hungry, it must be fed.
The turtle trough should not be overfilled, the abundance of food can also lead to overeating. After feeding the pet to the heap, after a while the owner notices that the animal has become sluggish and passive.
In this case, you should contact your veterinarian. If you still think that reptiles do not have enough food, it is better to give preference to algae and other products of plant origin.
The health and longevity of the tortoise directly depends on how much pet your pet consumes regularly.
It is important to know how to feed a turtle in such a way that all the necessary substances enter its body. In addition to a diversely composed, full-fledged diet, owners of armored pets should not forget about vitamins.
So that the skeleton and shell of the sea creature become stronger, it is necessary to feed the pet with bone meal once a week.
If, however, the red-eared turtle ceases to eat, it becomes necessary to search for the cause and start treatment.
Often the owners of red-eared reptiles come to the veterinarians, complaining about the apathy of the water favorites. In this animal diet consists of natural products, and the diet is very diverse.
The problem is that animals eat too often or too densely. Abundant portions of food often lead to disastrous consequences, one of which is a disorder in digestion.
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