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Female sterilization as a method of contraception

Female sterilization: what you need to know about the procedure

What is female sterilization, how is the procedure performed, to whom it is shown, and what are its drawbacks, read in our material.

If a man’s spermatozoon reaches one of the eggs of a woman, then pregnancy occurs. According to the calendar of ovulation, you can determine when a ready-to-fertilize egg leaves the ovary. Contraception is aimed at preventing pregnancy, stopping the development of the body of a woman’s eggs or keeping eggs away from spermatozoa. One of the methods of contraception is female sterilization.

Female sterilization is usually performed under general anesthesia, but can also be performed under local anesthesia, depending on the method used. The operation involves blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes that connect the ovaries and the uterus. This method of contraception prevents the process of fertilization. From the ovaries women will continue to emit eggs, but they will naturally be absorbed by the body.

  • Provides effective protection against unwanted pregnancy by 99%.
  • You do not have to think about contraception neither every day, nor every time a sexual act is planned, so contraception does not affect your sex life in any way
  • Sterilization can be carried out at any time of the menstrual cycle. The operation does not affect the level of hormones.
  • You will continue to menstruate
  • Depending on the type of sterilization, you will have to use additional contraceptive methods, either until the next following menstruation, or within the next three months after the operation
  • As with any operation, there is a small risk of complications: internal bleeding, infection or damage to other organs
  • There is also a small threat that the operation will not give a result. Blocked tubes can recover immediately or after many years.
  • If the operation fails, a small risk of developing an ectopic pregnancy appears.
  • Returning to fertility after surgery is very difficult.
  • Female sterilization does not protect against STIs.


Recovery after sterilization

After stopping the anesthesia and taking the urine test, you will need to eat a little, after which you will be allowed to go home. It is best to ask someone to give you a ride or call a taxi.

If you have had an operation under general anesthesia, poor health and discomfort for several days are the norm, so you should take a weekend for this period and relax.

Depending on your health and the specifics of the work, you can return to your duties already 5 days after the tubal occlusion. However, you are not allowed to lift heavy objects and perform heavy physical activities during the first week.

Female sterilization - care after surgery

If you were occluded to block the fallopian tubes, you will have stitches in the place where the surgeon made the incision. Some stitches dissolve by themselves, but there are those that need to be removed.

If you have a bandage on the place of the incision, you can take it off the next day and take a shower or a bath.

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